Papa Kornelio

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Papa Kornelio.

Papa Kornelio alikuwa Papa kuanzia tarehe 6 au 13 Machi 251 hadi kifodini chake mwezi wa Juni 253[1]. Alitokea Roma, Italia.

Alimfuata Papa Fabian akafuatwa na Papa Lucius I.

Alikabili dhuluma ya Dola la Roma lakini pia farakano la Novasyano kuhusu namna ya kuwatendea Wakristo waliowahi kukubali kutoa sadaka ya Kipagani[2] ili wasiuawe[3]. Kornelio alitaka kuwapokea tena baada ya matendo kadhaa ya toba[4], wakati Novasyano aliwakataa kabisa[5] akawa antipapa[6][7].

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa kama mtakatifu mfiadini[8] na kutajwa katika Kanuni ya Kirumi.

Sikukuu yake ni tarehe 16 Septemba[9].

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maandishi yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. https://www.vatican.va/content/vatican/en/holy-father.index.html#holy-father
  2. "Decius", Encyclopædia Britannica (Online School ed.), 7 December 2008 .
  3. Saints and Feast Days. New York: Loyola P, 1991.
  4. McBrien, Richard P (September 24, 2004), National Catholic Reporter 40 (41), General OneFile. Gale. Sacred Heart Preparatory (BAISL), p. 19(1), retrieved 5 December 2008, Pope Cornelius, a reconciler, had a hard road .
  5. Chapman, John. "Novatian and Novatianism." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 6 August 2018
  6. Papandrea, James L., Novatian of Rome and the Culmination of Pre-Nicene Orthodoxy, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2011 ISBN|9781606087800
  7. Both sides sent out letters to other bishops seeking recognition and support. Cornelius had the support of Cyprian, Dionysius, and most African and Eastern bishops while Novatian had the support of a minority of clergy and laymen in Rome. Cornelius's next action was to convene a synod of 60 bishops to acknowledge him as the rightful pope and the council excommunicated Novatian as well as all Novatianists. Also addressed in the synod was that Christians who stopped practising during Emperor Decius's persecution could be re-admitted into the Christian community only after doing penance. The verdict of the synod was sent to the Christian bishops, most notably the bishop of Antioch, a fierce Novatian supporter, in order to convince him to accept Cornelius as bishop of Rome. The letters that Cornelius sent to surrounding bishops provide information of the size of the church in Rome at that time. Cornelius mentions that the Roman Church had, "forty six priests, seven deacons, seven sub-deacons, forty two acolytes, fifty two ostiarii, and over one thousand five hundred widows and persons in distress." Cfr. Chapman, John (1908). "Pope Cornelius" in The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company. His letters also inform that Cornelius had a staff of over 150 clergy members and the church fed over 1,500 people daily. Cfr. Moody Smith, D. "Review: The Rise of Christianity: A Review." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 54 (1986): 337–42. Schrembs, Joseph. "The Catholic Philosophy of History." The Catholic Historical Review 20 (1934): 1–22. From these numbers, it has been estimated that there were at least 50,000 Christians in Rome during the papacy of Pope Cornelius.
  8. The Liberian catalogue ascribes his death to the hardships of banishment; later sources say he was beheaded.
  9. Martyrologium Romanum: ex Decreto Sacrosancti oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Ioannis Pauli P.P. II promulgatum, Romae 2001, ISBN 8820972107

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • "A bit of exorcist history." National Catholic Reporter 36.38 (Sept 1, 2000): 6. General OneFile. Gale. Sacred Heart Preparatory (BAISL). 5 Dec. 2008
  • "Decius." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 7 Dec 2008 <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9029704>.
  • “Gallus." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 7 Dec 2008 <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9035926>.
  • McBrien, Richard P. "Pope Cornelius, a reconciler, had a hard road." National Catholic Reporter 40.41 (Sept 24, 2004): 19(1). General OneFile. Gale. Sacred Heart Preparatory (BAISL). 5 Dec. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ips/start.do?prodId=IPS>.
  • Moody Smith, D. "Review: The Rise of Christianity: A Review." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 54 (1986): 337–42.
  • "Novatian." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 7 Dec 2008 <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9056376>.
  • "Saint Cornelius." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 24 Nov 2008 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/137950/Saint-Cornelius>.
  • Saints and Feast Days. New York: Loyola P, 1991.
  • Schrembs, Joseph. "The Catholic Philosophy of History." The Catholic Historical Review 20 (1934): 1–22.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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