Papa Benedikto IX

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Papa Benedikto IX.

Papa Benedikto IX (1012 hivi – mwishoni mwa 1055 au Januari 1056) alipata kuwa Papa mara tatu: ya kwanza tangu Agosti/Septemba 1032 hadi Septemba 1044, ya pili tangu 10 Machi hadi 1 Mei 1045, na ya tatu tangu Oktoba 1047 hadi Agosti 1048[1].

Jina lake la kuzaliwa lilikuwa Theophylactus wa ukoo wa watawala wa Tusculum, Roma, Italia[2]..

Alimfuata mara ya kwanza Papa Yohane XIX, ya pili Papa Silvester III, na ya tatu Papa Klementi II.

Kila mara alifukuzwa madarakani kwa sababu ya matendo yake maovu[3] ila mara moja aliuza cheo chake, tendo la pekee kabisa katika historia ya Kanisa[4].

Hatimaye alifuatwa na Papa Damaso II[5].

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maandishi yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. https://www.vatican.va/content/vatican/en/holy-father.index.html#holy-father
  2. https://www.vatican.va/content/vatican/en/holy-father.index.html#holy-father
  3. Historian R. L. Poole suggests that the accusations directed against him be understood in the context that they were perpetrated by virulent political enemies. (1921) Benedict IX and Gregory VI, 15. 
  4. Benedict IX refused to appear on charges of simony in 1049 and was excommunicated.
  5. Benedict IX's eventual fate is obscure, but he seems to have given up his claims to the papal throne. Leo IX may have lifted the ban on him. Benedict IX was buried in the Abbey of Grottaferrata c. 1056. According to the abbot, Saint Bartholomew of Grottaferrata, he was penitent and turned away from the sins he committed as pontiff.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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