Kanisa

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Mozaiki ya ujio wa Roho Mtakatifu, Kanisa kuu la Saint Louis, Marekani. Pentekoste inahesabiwa kuwa siku ya Kanisa la Kikristo kuzaliwa kwa ajili ya mataifa yote.


Kanisa maana yake ya kwanza kabisa ni "mkusanyiko wa waamini" kama ule wa Waisraeli chini ya Musa kwenye mlima Sinai walipopewa Amri za Mungu.

Neno hilohilo lilitumiwa na Wakristo wa kwanza kwa ajili yao wenyewe kusema wameshika nafasi ya Israeli kama taifa la Mungu hata wasipokuwa Wayahudi bali watu wa mataifa mengine.

Jina hilo lilitumika kwa jumuia mama ya Yerusalemu, kwa kila mojawapo ya jumuia za Kikristo zilizotokana na umisionari wa wafuasi wa Yesu Kristo, na kwa umoja wao wa kimataifa uliotazamwa na Mtume Paulo kuwa Mwili wa Kristo, ukiwa na Yesu kama kichwa chake. Ndiye anayesadikiwa kuwa chemchemi ya ukombozi wa wanadamu wote pale alipolifia Kanisa na kuliachia sakramenti kuu ya Pasaka (ekaristi takatifu).

Kanisa kama jengo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Wakristo walipoanza kujenga mahali pa ibada, pakaja kuitwa vilevile "kanisa" kwa sababu ndani yake lilikusanyika Kanisa hai.

Hivyo mara nyingi neno hilo linatumika kwa maana ya jengo, ambalo ni mfano mwingine uliotumiwa na Paulo kuhusu umoja wa Wakristo, ukiwa na Yesu kama jiwe kuu la msingi.

Majengo hayo ya ibada yanaweza kuwa na ubora tofauti hata upande wa sanaa; baadhi yake yanatembelewa na watalii na kuhifadhiwa kwa bidii kwa sababu hiyo.

Kwa namna ya pekee ni muhimu Kanisa kuu la kila jimbo (dayosisi), halafu Basilika na Patakatifu, lakini pia kanisa la parokia, kanisa la kigango (pengine linaitwa sunagogi, ambalo kwa kweli ni jina la majengo ya Wayahudi).

Madhehebu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Baada ya umoja wa Wakristo kuanza kuvunjika, kwa kawaida madhehebu yaliyotokea yaliendelea kujiita makanisa, ingawa kwa maana mbalimbali: hasa Kanisa Katoliki na Waorthodoksi wanadai kuwa la kwao ndilo linaloendeleza Kanisa pekee la kweli; kumbe Waprotestanti hawatii maanani sana umoja wa Wakristo upande wa miundo, bali ule wa kiroho.

Ndani ya Kanisa Katoliki, linalokubali uongozi wa Papa wa Roma, neno Kanisa linatumika pia kumaanisha kila jimbo na makundi ya majimbo (Kanisa mahalia) yanayochanga mapokeo yaleyale upande wa teolojia, liturujia, maisha ya kiroho, sheria n.k.

Kwa msingi huo Kanisa la Kilatini, ambalo lilienea kwanza upande wa magharibi wa Dola la Roma (Kanisa la Magharibi), linatofautishwa na Makanisa ya Mashariki yaliyoenea kwanza upande wa mashariki wa dola hilo na nje ya mipaka yake.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • University of Virginia: Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Christianity in History, retrieved May 10, 2007 [1]
  • University of Virginia: Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Church as an Institution, retrieved May 10, 2007 [2]
  • Christianity and the Roman Empire, Ancient History Romans, BBC Home, retrieved May 10, 2007 [3]
  • Orthodox Church, MSN Encarta, retrieved May 10, 2007"Orthodox Church - MSN Encarta". Orthodox Church - MSN Encarta. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761572657_6/Orthodox_Church.html.
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church [4]
  • Mark Gstohl, Theological Perspectives of the Reformation, The Magisterial Reformation, retrieved May 10, 2007 [5]
  • J. Faber, The Catholicity of the Belgic Confession, Spindle Works, The Canadian Reformed Magazine 18 (Sept. 20-27, Oct. 4-11, 18, Nov. 1, 8, 1969)-[6]
  • Boise State University: History of the Crusades: The Fourth Crusade[7]
  • United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: ARTICLE 9 "I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH": 830-831 [8]: Provides Catholic interpretations of the term catholic
  • Kenneth D. Whitehead, Four Marks of the Church, EWTN Global Catholic Network [9]
  •  "Unity (as a Mark of the Church)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Apostolic Succession, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05.[10]
  • Gerd Ludemann, Heretics: The Other Side of Early Christianity, Westminster John Knox Press, 1st American ed edition (August 1996), Kigezo:ISBN, Kigezo:ISBN
  • From Jesus to Christ: Maps, Archaeology, and Sources: Chronology, PBS, retrieved May 19, 2007 [11]
  • Bannerman, James, The Church of Christ: A treatise on the nature, powers, ordinances, discipline and government of the Christian Church', Still Waters Revival Books, Edmonton, Reprint Edition May 1991, First Edition 1869.
  • Grudem, Wayne, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, Inter-Varsity Press, Leicester, England, 1994.
  • Kuiper, R.B., The Glorious Body of Christ, The Banner of Truth Trust, Edinburgh, 1967
  • Mannion, Gerard and Mudge, Lewis (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Christian Church, 2007

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

ChristianitySymbol.PNG Makala hii kuhusu dini ya Ukristo bado ni mbegu.
Je, unajua kitu kuhusu Kanisa kama historia yake, matokeo au athari zake?
Labda unaona habari katika Wikipedia ya Kiingereza au lugha nyingine zinazofaa kutafsiriwa?
Basi unaweza kuisaidia Wikipedia kwa kuihariri na kuongeza habari.