Papa Benedikto XVI

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Papa mstaafu Benedikto XVI

Papa Benedikto XVI (amezaliwa 16 Aprili 1927; jina la Kilatini: Benedictus XVI; kwa Kiitalia: Benedetto XVI) alikuwa papa tangu 19 Aprili 2005 baada ya kifo cha Papa Yohane Paulo II hadi alipoamua kung'atuka tarehe 28 Februari 2013 kwa sababu ya afya yake kudodora.

Mwandamizi wa 264 wa Mtume Petro na Papa wa kwanza kutoka Ujerumani baada ya miaka 1000 hivi, amefuatwa na Papa Fransisko.

Jina lake la kuzaliwa lilikuwa Joseph Alois Ratzinger.

Maisha[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Alipadirishwa tarehe 29 Juni 1951 pamoja na kaka yake Georg.

Baada ya kupata udaktari katika teolojia na kufundisha miaka kadhaa, alishiriki kama mtaalamu katika Mtaguso Mkuu wa Vatikano II.

Tarehe 24 Machi 1977 alichaguliwa na Papa Paulo VI kuwa Askofu mkuu wa Munchen na Frisingen akapewa daraja hiyo tarehe 28 Mei mwaka huohuo.

Tarehe 27 Juni mwaka huohuo Paulo VI alimteua pia kardinali na kutokana na cheo hicho alishiriki uchaguzi wa Papa Yohane Paulo I na Yohane Paulo II mwaka 1978.

Tarehe 25 Novemba 1981 Yohane Paulo II alimteua kuwa mkuu wa Idara ya Mafundisho ya Imani. Hivyo tarehe 15 Februari 1982 aliacha uongozi wa jimbo kuu akashika kazi hiyo mpya mpaka alipochaguliwa Papa.

Katika kutekeleza kazi hiyo aliandaa Katekisimu ya Kanisa Katoliki (tangu 1986 hadi 1992) na Ufupisho Makini wa katekisimu hiyo (tangu 2003 hadi 2005).

Baada ya kuchaguliwa Papa aliendeleza juhudi za mtangulizi wake katika utekelezaji wa Mtaguso.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Vitabu juu yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Allen, John L.: Cardinal Ratzinger: the Vatican's enforcer of the faith. – New York: Continuum, 2000
  • Benedetti, Amedeo: Il linguaggio di Benedetto XVI, al secolo Joseph Ratzinger. – Genova, Erga, 2012
  • Herrmann, Horst: Benedikt XVI. Der neue Papst aus Deutschland. – Berlin 2005
  • Nichols OP, Aidan: The Theology of Joseph Ratzinger: An Introductory Study. – Edinburgh; T&T Clark, 1988
  • Pater Prior Maximilian Heim: Joseph Ratzinger — Kirchliche Existenz und existenzielle Theologie unter dem Anspruch von Lumen gentium (diss.).
  • Twomey, D. Vincent, S.V.D.: Pope Benedict XVI: The Conscience of Our Age (A Theological Portrait). – San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2007
  • Wagner, Karl: Kardinal Ratzinger: der Erzbischof in München und Freising in Wort und Bild. – München: Pfeiffer, 1977

Wasifu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Allen, John L. The Rise of Benedict XVI: The Inside Story of How the Pope Was Elected and Where He Will Take the Catholic Church. NY: Doubleday, 2005. ISBN 0-385-51320-8.
  • Allen, John L. Pope Benedict XVI: A Biography of Joseph Ratzinger. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0-8264-1786-8. This is a reprint of Allen's 2000 book Cardinal Ratzinger: the Vatican's Enforcer of the Faith.
  • Bardazzi, Marco. In the Vineyard of the Lord: The Life, Faith, and Teachings of Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI. New York: Rizzoli International, 2005. ISBN 0-8478-2801-8
  • Bunson, Matthew. We Have a Pope! Benedict XVI Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor. ISBN 1-59276-180-1.
  • Campbell, Paul-Henri: Pope Benedikt XVI. Audio Book. Monarda Publishing House, 2012, ISBN 3-939513-80-6.
  • Pursell, Brennan, Benedict of Bavaria: An Intimate Portrait of the Pope and His Homeland (Circle Press, 2008). ISBN 1-933271-17-5.
  • Tobin, Greg. Holy Father: Pope Benedict XVI: Pontiff for a New Era. Sterling, 2005. ISBN 1-4027-3172-8.
  • Weigel, George. God's Choice: Pope Benedict XVI and the Future of the Catholic Church, Harper Collins, 2005. ISBN 0-06-621331-2.

Filamu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Barua zake 3 kwa ajili ya wote