Asia

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Asia

Asia ni bara kubwa kabisa kuliko mabara yote mengine ya dunia. Bara hili lina eneo la kilomita za mraba 44,579,000 (maili za mraba 17,212,000), ambalo ni sawa na asilimia 30% ya ardhi yote. Wakazi wa bara la Asia ni 3,701,000,000 kwa mujibu wa makisio 2003.

Bara la Asia lina nchi 44 na visiwa mbali mbali vya madola mbalimbali. Mlima mrefu kabisa ulimwenguni ambao ni mlima wa Everesti wenye urefu wa mita 8,850 (futi 29,035) ulioko Nepal pia uko kwenye bara hili. Kadhalika, nchi zenye wakazi wengi zaidi ulimwenguni China na India pia ziko kwenye bara hili.

Ziwa kubwa kabisa ulimwenguni, bahari ya Kazwini (Caspian Sea) lenye eneo la kilomita za mraba 394,299 (maili za mraba 152,239) vile vile liko Asia kati ya ya nchi hizi: Azerbaijan, Urusi, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, na Uajemi.

Bara la Asia linaweza kugawanywa katika sehemu zifuatazo:

Orodha ya nchi na maeneo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Jina la nchi au eneo,
bendera
Eneo
(km²)
Wakazi
(1 Julai 2008)
Wakazi kwa km² Mji mkuu
Asia ya Kati:
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Kazakhstan
2,724,927 15,666,533 5.7 Astana
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Kirgizia
198,500 5,356,869 24.3 Bishkek
Flag of Tajikistan.svg
Tajikistan
143,100 7,211,884 47.0 Dushanbe
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
Turkmenistan
488,100 5,179,573 9.6 Ashgabat
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
Uzbekistan
447,400 28,268,441 57.1 Tashkent
Asia ya Mashariki:
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Uchina
9,584,492 1,322,044,605 134.0 Beijing
Flag of Hong Kong.svg
Hong Kong
1,092 7,903,334 6,688.0
Flag of Macau.svg
Macau
25 460,823 18,473.3
Flag of Japan.svg
Japani
377,835 127,288,628 336.1 Tokyo
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Taiwan
35,980 22,920,946 626.7 Taipei
Flag of North Korea.svg
Korea Kaskazini
120,540 23,479,095 184.4 Pyongyang
Flag of South Korea.svg
Korea Kusini
98,480 49,232,844 490.7 Seoul
Flag of Mongolia.svg
Mongolia
1,565,000 2,996,082 1.7 Ulaanbaatar
Asia ya Kaskazini:
Flag of Russia.svg
Urusi
17,075,400 142,200,000 26.8 Moscow
Asia ya Kusini-Mashariki:
Flag of Brunei.svg
Brunei
5,770 381,371 66.1 Bandar Seri Begawan
Flag of Myanmar.svg
Myanmar
676,578 47,758,224 70.3 Pyinmana
Flag of Cambodia.svg
Kamboja
181,035 13,388,910 74 Phnom Penh
Flag of East Timor.svg
Timor Mashariki
15,007 1,108,777 73.8 Dili
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Indonesia
1,919,440 230,512,000 120.1 Jakarta
Flag of Laos.svg
Laos
236,800 6,677,534 28.2 Vientiane
Flag of Malaysia.svg
Malaysia
329,847 27,780,000 84.2 Kuala Lumpur
Flag of the Philippines.svg
Ufilipino
300,000 92,681,453 308.9 Manila
Flag of Singapore.svg
Singapuri
704 4,608,167 6,545.7 Singapuri
Flag of Thailand.svg
Uthai
514,000 65,493,298 127.4 Bangkok
Flag of Vietnam.svg
Vietnam
331,690 86,116,559 259.6 Hanoi
Asia ya Kusini:
Flag of Afghanistan.svg
Afghanistan
647,500 32,738,775 42.9 Kabul
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Bangla Desh
147,570 153,546,901 1040.5 Dhaka
Flag of Bhutan.svg
Bhutan
38,394 682,321 17.8 Thimphu
Flag of India.svg
Uhindi
3,287,263 1,147,995,226 349.2 New Delhi
Flag of Iran.svg
Uajemi
1,648,195 70,472,846 42.8 Tehran
Flag of Maldives.svg
Maledivi
300 379,174 1,263.3 Malé
Flag of Nepal.svg
Nepal
147,181 29,519,114 200.5 Kathmandu
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Pakistan
803,940 167,762,049 208.7 Islamabad
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Sri Lanka
65,610 21,128,773 322.0 Sri Jayawardenapura
Asia ya Magharibi:
Flag of Armenia.svg
Armenia
29,800 2,968,586 111.7 Yerevan
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Azerbaijan
46,870 3,845,127 82.0 Baku
Flag of Bahrain.svg
Bahrain
665 718,306 987.1 Manama
Flag of Cyprus.svg
Kupro
9,250 792,604 83.9 Nikosia
Flag of Palestine.svg
Palestina
363 1,537,269 3,315.7 Gaza
Flag of Georgia.svg
Georgia
20,460 4,630,841 99.3 Tbilisi
Flag of Iraq.svg
Irak
437,072 28,221,181 54.9 Baghdad
Flag of Israel.svg
Israel
20,770 7,112,359 290.3 Yerusalemu
Flag of Jordan.svg
Yordani
92,300 6,198,677 57.5 Amman
Flag of Kuwait.svg
Kuwait
17,820 2,596,561 118.5 Jiji la Kuwait
Flag of Lebanon.svg
Libanon
10,452 3,971,941 353.6 Beirut
Flag of Oman.svg
Omani
212,460 3,311,640 12.8 Muskat
Flag of Qatar.svg
Qatar
11,437 928,635 69.4 Doha
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Uarabuni wa Saudia
1,960,582 23,513,330 12.0 Riyad
Flag of Syria.svg
Syria
185,180 19,747,586 92.6 Dameski
Flag of Turkey.svg
Uturuki
756,768 71,892,807 76.5 Ankara
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
Falme za Kiarabu
82,880 4,621,399 29.5 Abu Dhabi
Flag of Yemen.svg
Yemeni
527,970 23,013,376 35.4 Sana'a
Jumla 43,810,582 4,162,966,086 89.07