Amerika ya Kusini

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Mahali pa Amerika ya Kusini duniani
Amerika ya Kusini inavyoonekana kutoka angani

Amerika ya Kusini ni bara upande wa Kusini mwa Ikweta. Inapakana na Bahari ya Pasifiki upande wa Magharibi, na Bahari ya Atlantiki upande wa Mashariki.

Katika bara hilo kuna nchi zifuatazo:

Urithi wa ukoloni: Lugha na utamaduni[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kwa lugha mablimbali bara inahesabiwa katika "Amerika ya Kilatini" kwa sababu wakazi wengi hutumia lugha za Kirumi hasa Kihispania na Kireno zilizizotokana na Kilatini.

Sababu yake ni ya kwamba sehemu kubwa ya bara hii ilikuwa koloni ya Hispania. Brazil ilikuwa koloni ya Ureno. Nchi zote mbili ziliacha tabia za utamaduni wao pamoja na lugha zilizokuwa lugha za kitaifa.

Nchi za Guyana pekee zilikuwa koloni za mataifa mengine ya Ulaya zilizoacha lugha zao:

  • Guyana ilikuwa koloni ya Uingereza ikitumia Kiingereza (zamani illitwa Guyana ya Kiingereza)
  • Surinam ilikuwa koloni ya Uholanzi ikitumia Kiholanzi (zamani illitwa Guyana ya Kiholanzi)
  • Guyana ya Kifaransa ilikuwa koloni ya Ufaransa imekuwa mkoa wa Ufaransa na sehemu ya Umoja wa Ulaya ikitumia Kifaransa.

Orodha ya nchi na maeneo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Blank-South-America-map.png

Jina la nchi au eneo,
bendera
Eneo
(km²)
Wakazi
(2007)
Wakazi kwa km² Mji mkuu
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
2,766,890  40,677,348 14.3 Buenos Aires
Flag of Bolivia.svg
Bolivia
1,098,580   9,247,816 8.1 La Paz, Sucre
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
8,514,877 191,908,598 22.0 Brasilia
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
756,950  16,454,143 21.1 Santiago de Chile
Flag of Colombia.svg
Kolombia
1,138,910  45,013,674 37.7 Bogotá
Flag of Ecuador.svg
Ekuador
283,560  13,927,650 47.1 Quito
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg
Falkland Islands (Ufalme wa Muungano)
12,173       3,140[1] 0.26 Port Stanley
Flag of French Guiana.svg
Guyana ya Kifaransa (Ufaransa)
91,000     221,450 (Jan. 2008)[2] 2.7 Cayenne
Flag of Guyana.svg
Guyana
214,970     770,794 3.6 Georgetown
Flag of Paraguay.svg
Paraguay
406,750   6,347,884 15.6 Asunción
Flag of Peru.svg
Peru
1,285,220  28,220,764 21.7 Lima
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(Ufalme wa Muungano)
3,093           20 0 Grytviken
Flag of Suriname.svg
Surinam
163,270     438,144 2.7 Paramaribo
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
176,220   3,477,778 19.4 Montevideo
Flag of Venezuela.svg
Venezuela
912,050  26,414,815 27.8 Caracas
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Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

South America.svg Makala hii kuhusu maeneo ya Amerika Kusini bado ni mbegu.
Je unajua kitu kuhusu Amerika ya Kusini kama historia yake, biashara, taasisi zilizopo, watu au utamaduni?
Labda unaona habari katika wikipedia ya Kiingereza au lugha nyingine zinazofaa kutafsiriwa?
Basi unaweza kuisaidia Wikipedia kwa kuihariri na kuongeza habari.