Dini rasmi

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Dini rasmi ni dini ambayo imetangazwa na nchi fulani kuwa yake kwa namna ya pekee. Kiasi ambacho dini hiyo inapata sapoti ya sheria, serikali n.k. inategemea kwa kawaida katiba ya nchi.

Si lazima serikali iwe chini ya mamlaka ya dini hiyo, wala kufuata masharti yake yote, wala kwamba uongozi wa dini uwe chini ya serikali.

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Dini rasmi zilikuwepo tangu zamani, kwa mfano Mashariki ya Kati tangu K.K., na hata kabla ya historia inayoshuhudiwa na maandishi.

Uhusiano kati ya dini na mamlaka ya kisiasa ulijadiliwa na Varro, kwa jina la theologia civilis ("teolojia ya uraia").

Upande wa Ukristo, kwa mara ya kwanza ulipata kuwa dini rasmi nchini Armenia mwaka 301.[1]

Dini rasmi leo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Nchi zenye dini rasmi.
     Ukristo        Uislamu        Ubuddha
Nchi zenye dini rasmi (kinaganaga).
     Ukristo      Kanisa Katoliki      Kanisa la Kiorthodoksi      Walutheri      Anglikana      Ukalvini      Umethodisti           Uislamu      Uislamu wa Kisuni      Uislamu wa Kishia      Uislamu wa Kiibadi         Ubuddha wa Theravada      Ubuddha wa Vajrayana

Katika nchi nyingi tumezoea kwamba serikali haina dini. Kila mwananchi ni huru kuchagua imani yake. Kumbe wazo hilo si la kawaida popote duniani.

Mpaka leo tunasikia habari za nchi zinazotoa kipaumbele kwa dini au madhehebu fulani upande wa serikali. Kule Uingereza mfalme au malkia anapaswa kuwa Mkristo wa Kianglikana naye ni mlezi mkuu wa Kanisa la Kianglikana. Kule Denmark na Sweden wafalme wanapaswa kuwa Wakristo wa Kilutheri. Katika nchi nyingi za Waarabu Rais awe Mwislamu wa madhehebu ya Sunni. Kule Iran Rais huchaguliwa kati ya wataalamu Waislamu wa madhehebu ya Shia. Taratibu hizo ni mabaki ya utaratibu ambao miaka 200 iliyopita ulikuwa kawaida katika sehemu nyingi za dunia.

Kwa sasa, dini rasmi katika nchi tofautitofauti ni Ukristo, Uislamu na Ubuddha. Suala la haki za Uyahudi nchini Israeli ni la pekee.

Nchi za Kikristo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Zifuatazo ni nchi zinazokubali rasmi madhehebu fulani ya Ukristo:

Kanisa Katoliki[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Nyingine

Nchi hizo pengine zinalipatia Kanisa Katoliki fadhili fulani bila kulifanya dini rasmi.

Makanisa ya Kiorthodoksi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Uprotestanti[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Anglikana[hariri | hariri chanzo]
Ulutheri[hariri | hariri chanzo]
Wareformati[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Nchi za Kiislamu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Nchi nyingi ambako wananchi wengi ni Waislamu zimefanya dini yao kuwa rasmi, hata kukataza nyingine.

Islam (bila madhehebu maalumu)[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Uislamu wa Kisuni[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Uislamu wa Shiʾa[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Iran (Kitheokrasi)

Uislamu wa Ibadi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Shia na Sunni pamoja[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Nchi za Kibuddha[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Theravada[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Vajrayana[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Uyahudi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. The Journal of Ecclesiastical History – Page 268 by Cambridge University Press, Gale Group, C.W. Dugmore
  2. Preable: First part, section 2
  3. [1]
  4. Costa Rica Constitution in English TITLE VI: RELIGION
  5. Constitution Religion at the Wayback Machine (archived Machi 26, 2009). (archived from the original on 2009-03-26).
  6. Constitution of Malta (Article 2). mjha.gov.mt.
  7. CONSTITUTION DE LA PRINCIPAUTE at the Wayback Machine (archived Septemba 27, 2011). (French): Art. 9., Principaute De Monaco: Ministère d'Etat (archived from the original on 2011-09-27).
  8. Vatican City. Catholic-Pages.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 12 August 2013.
  9. Constitution of the Republic of Paraguay. “The role played by the Catholic Church in the historical and cultural formation of the Republic is hereby recognized.”
  10. Constitution of the Republic of Peru. “Within an independent and autonomous system, the State recognizes the Catholic Church as an important element in the historical, cultural, and moral formation of Peru and lends it its cooperation. The State respects other denominations and may establish forms of collaboration with them.”
  11. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland (1997-04-02). “The relations between the Republic of Poland and the Roman Catholic Church shall be determined by international treaty concluded with the Holy See, and by statute. The relations between the Republic of Poland and other churches and religious organizations shall be determined by statutes adopted pursuant to agreements concluded between their appropriate representatives and the Council of Ministers.”
  12. Spanish Constitution. “The public authorities shall take into account the religious beliefs of Spanish society and shall consequently maintain appropriate cooperation relations with the Catholic Church and other confessions.”
  13. THE CONSTITUTION OF GREECE : SECTION II RELATIONS OF CHURCH AND STATE, Hellenic Resources network.
  14. Constitution of Georgia Article 9(1&2) and 73(1a/1)
  15. The History of the Church of England. The Archbishops' Council of the Church of England. Iliwekwa mnamo 2006-05-24.
  16. Denmark – Constitution: Section 4 State Church, International Constitutional Law.
  17. Constitution of the Republic of Iceland: Article 62, Government of Iceland.
  18. Statistics Iceland - Statistics » Population » Religious organisations. Statice.is (2011). Iliwekwa mnamo 2011-05-27.
  19. The Constitution of Norway, Article 16 (English translation, published by the Norwegian Parliament)
  20. Løsere bånd, men fortsatt statskirke, ABC Nyheter
  21. Staten skal ikke lenger ansette biskoper, NRK
  22. Human-Etisk Forbund. Ingen avskaffelse: / Slik blir den nye statskirkeordningen. Fritanke.no.
  23. Offisielt frå statsrådet 27. mai 2016 regjeringen.no «Sanksjon av Stortingets vedtak 18. mai 2016 til lov om endringer i kirkeloven (omdanning av Den norske kirke til eget rettssubjekt m.m.) Lovvedtak 56 (2015-2016) Lov nr. 17 Delt ikraftsetting av lov 27. mai 2016 om endringer i kirkeloven (omdanning av Den norske kirke til eget rettssubjekt m.m.). Loven trer i kraft fra 1. januar 2017 med unntak av romertall I § 3 nr. 8 første og fjerde ledd, § 3 nr. 10 annet punktum og § 5 femte ledd, som trer i kraft 1. juli 2016.»
  24. Lovvedtak 56 (2015–2016) Vedtak til lov om endringer i kirkeloven (omdanning av Den norske kirke til eget rettssubjekt m.m.) Stortinget.no
  25. http://www.christianpost.com/news/norway-ends-500-year-old-lutheran-church-partnership-biggest-change-since-reformation-172480/
  26. Finland – Constitution, Section 76 The Church Act, http://servat.unibe.ch/icl/fi00000_.html.
  27. Status of the Finnish State Church in 2007—Privileges of the State Church. eroakirkosta.fi (7 October 2007). Iliwekwa mnamo 2007-10-23.
  28. 77.2 percent of Finns belong to the Lutheran church evl.fi 10.2.2012
  29. Medlemmar 1972-2008, tabell och diagram (XLS, 22.5 KiB) (Swedish). Svenska kyrkan.
  30. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH (As modified up to 17 May, 2004). parliament.gov.bd. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2012-03-06.
  31. International Religious Freedom Report for 2012 - Djibouti. Iliwekwa mnamo October 5, 2013.
  32. Part I: "Introductory". Pakistani.org. Iliwekwa mnamo June 4, 2013.
  33. Palestinian Basic Law (May 29, 2002). Jewish Virtual Library.
  34. Constitution of Cambodia. cambodia.org. Iliwekwa mnamo 2011-04-13. (Article 43).
  35. Thailand. US Department of State (n.d.). Iliwekwa mnamo 20 October 2014.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Rowlands, John Henry Lewis (1989). Church, State, and Society, 1827-1845: the Attitudes of John Keble, Richard Hurrell Froude, and John Henry Newman. Worthing, Eng.: P. Smith [of] Churchman Publishing; Folkestone, Eng.: distr. ... by Bailey Book Distribution. ISBN 1-85093-132-1

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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