Kigezo:Cite journal

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Cite journal is a template which is used for formatting references to articles in magazines and academic journals and for academic papers in a consistent and legible manner. It can be used at the end of the article, directly in the References section. It can also be placed within <ref>...</ref> tags for in-line citations. See also: Wikipedia:Footnotes.

{{Cite journal}} is intended for papers in journals, which are issued periodically and have volume and (usually) issue numbers. It is not intended for conference proceedings, which should be cited with {{Cite conference}}. Nor is it intended for articles in edited books or in encyclopedias or similar collections, which should be cited with {{Cite encyclopedia}} (which, despite its name, applies to all edited collections, not only encyclopedias).

An alternative to all of the above templates is to use the generic {{Citation}} template. It takes more or less the same parameters as the type-specific templates and produces a similar-looking citation, but with sections separated by commas instead of periods. See Wikipedia:Citation templates for more discussion of the various citation templates available.

Usage[hariri chanzo]

All field names must be lowercase. Unused fields should be removed, rather than left blank.

Parameters[hariri chanzo]

Common parameters, horizontal format

{{Cite journal |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |url= |accessdate= }}

Common parameters for Vancouver system citations

{{Cite journal |author= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |pmid= |pmc= |url= |accessdate= }}

All parameters, horizontal format

{{Cite journal |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |title= |trans_title= |journal= |volume= |series= |issue= |page= |pages= |at= |chapter= |location= |publisher= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |language= |format= |id= |isbn= |issn= |oclc= |pmid= |pmc= |bibcode= |doi= |accessdate= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |laysource= |laysummary= |laydate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= }}

Using lastname, firstname Using author
{{Cite journal
| last1        = 
| first1       = 
| authorlink1  = 
| last2        = 
| first2       =
| authorlink2  =
| editor-last  =
| editor-first =
| editor-link  =
| date         = 
| year         = 
| month        = 
| title        = 
| trans_title  = 
| journal      = 
| volume       = 
| issue        = 
| series       = 
| pages        = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| language     = 
| format       =
| id           =
| isbn         =
| issn         = 
| oclc         = 
| pmid         = 
| pmc          = 
| bibcode      = 
| doi          = 
| accessdate   = 
| url          = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| laysource    = 
| laysummary   =
| laydate      = 
| quote        = 
| ref          = 
| separator    = 
| postscript   = 
}}
{{Cite journal
| author      = 
| authorlink  =
| editor      =
| editor-link =
| date        = 
| year        = 
| month       = 
| title       = 
| trans_title = 
| journal      = 
| volume       = 
| issue        = 
| series       = 
| pages        = 
| location     = 
| publisher    = 
| language     = 
| format       =
| id           =
| isbn         =
| issn         = 
| oclc         = 
| pmid         = 
| pmc          = 
| bibcode      = 
| doi          = 
| accessdate   = 
| url          = 
| archiveurl   = 
| archivedate  = 
| laysource    = 
| laysummary   =
| laydate      = 
| quote        = 
| ref          = 
| separator    = 
| postscript   = 
}}
Result (using lastname, firstname)

last, first; coauthors (date). editor-last, editor-first. ed. [archiveurl "title [trans_title]"] (in language) (format). journal. series (location: publisher) volume (issue): pages. doi:doi

     . ISSN issn
      . OCLC oclc
      . PMC pmc
     . PMID pmid
      . id. Archived from [url the original] on archivedate. archiveurl. Retrieved accessdate. [laysummary Lay summary] – laysource (laydate). "quote"postscript
Result (using author)

author (date). editor. ed. [archiveurl "title [trans_title]"] (in language) (format). journal (location: publisher) volume (issue): pages. doi:doi

     . ISSN issn
      . OCLC oclc
      . PMC pmc
     . PMID pmid
      . id. Archived from [url the original] on archivedate. archiveurl. Retrieved accessdate. [laysummary Lay summary] – laysource (laydate). "quote"postscript

Legend[hariri chanzo]

  • author: Author. Use to specify a single author of the paper, or alternatively, to specify all the authors of the paper in whatever format desired. If you use author to specify all the authors, do not specify the following author-related parameters.
    • last works with first to produce last, first;. These parameters produce the maximum metadata and should be used if possible.
    • author2, last2, first2 and subsequent should be used for co-authors (up to 8 will be displayed before truncation with "et al".
    • author-link name of an existing Wikipedia article about the author. If present, either author or last & first become a link to the appropriate article.
    • author2-link to author9-link may similarly be used when there is an article on coauthors specified using author2 or last2, first2 etc.
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors. Please use 'author2', 'author3', etc instead.
    • author-separator: over-ride the default semi-colon that separates authors' names.
    • author-mask – This parameter is primarily intended for use in bibliographies where multiple works by a single author are listed. It replaces the name of the first author (which must still be provided to garner metadata) with a strike-thru dash (—) author-mask em in length. So if |author-mask=1 then the dash will be one em in length, if |author-mask=2 it will be two em long and so on. Set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead – for example, 'with'. You must still include |last= and |first= for metadata purposes.
    • author-name-separator: over-ride the default semicolon that separates authors' names.
    • display-authors: Specify a digit to only display the first n authors (followed by "et al"). The first 9 authors should still be included in the template; these will be included in the metadata to assist users with browser plugins, etc.
  • date: January 1, 2006. Full date of publication.
    • year: 2006. Year of publication (ignored if the date field is used).
      • month: January. Month of publication (ignored if the date field is used, or if the year field is not used).
  • title: Title of article.
  • journal or periodical or newspaper or magazine: Name of the journal or periodical.
  • volume: Volume number of the journal in which the article is found
  • series or version: At most one of these may be entered. In either case the value will be displayed in plaintext after the title.
    • series: According to the 14th edition of Chicago Manual of Style p. 576, "As in the case of book series, some journals have attained such longevity that they have begun a new series of volumes or issues. Identification of the series (n.s., 2d ser., 3d ser., ser. b) must be made in citations to these journals."
    • version: Use when citing a paper. It may be used, for example, for standards documents, which retain the same title and document number (e.g. ISO nnnnn) but may have many revisions (e.g. ISO nnnnn-xxxx).
  • issue: Journal's issue number, or issue name.
  • page or pages: 45–47: first page, and optional last page (separated by an en dash –). If you need to refer to a specific page within a cited source, use Template:Rp or shortened footnotes.
  • at: Position within the resource when |page=/|pages= is inappropriate or insufficient. This parameter is ignored if |page=/|pages= is specified. Examples of usage of |at=: |at=para. 14 (when citing a source without page numbers), |at=02:56 (a film or audio timestamp), |at=no. 456 (something in a numbered list), |at=p. 6, col. 2 (for a page and a column because "column" is not a Citation template parameter), or |at=sec. F pp. 4–6 (for a section and a page within the section, "section" not being a parameter).
  • publisher: Publisher of journal or periodical; should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc". Only include if ISSN and DOI are unavailable.
    • location: Place of publication for journal or periodical.
  • language: Language, e.g. Finnish. (English is assumed and should not be specified.)
    • trans_title: Translated (English) title, when the title is in a foreign language. Can be used without source title when the source title is unknown.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the below are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{US patent}}, {{MR}} / {{MathSciNet}}, {{Zbl}}, {{arXiv}}, {{JSTOR}} or {{JFM}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = PMID 15128012 anymore. Use pmid = 15128012.)
    • issn: The publication's International Standard Serial Number such as 1111-2220. The eight-figure ISSN may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen; but neither an N-dash nor a space are valid for use as separator between the groups.
    • oclc: The periodical's Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
    • pmid: The document's PubMed Unique Identifier, such as 15128012
    • pmc: The document's PubMed Central article number (PMCID) for full-text free repository of an article, such as 246835
      • pmc-embargo-date: The date that an article will be freely accessible at PubMed central. After this date, the title will automatically link to the free full text at PubMed Central (and the parameter will be removed by a bot).
    • bibcode: The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.g., 1924MNRAS..84..308E
    • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1130/0091-7613(1990)018<1153:TAFSIA>2.3.CO;2.
      • doi_inactivedate: Sometimes the doi target link might not function (e.g. it is awaiting entry to the CrossRef database). Use this parameter, which takes a date argument, to de-link the DOI. The parameter will be removed when the DOI becomes active again. Must not be wikilinked.
        The doi value is still shown, but without a link, and the mainspace article is added to "Category:Pages with DOIs inactive since YYYY".
  • url: This should point to, in descending order of preference:
  1. A free online version of the full text
  2. An online version of the full text, for which subscription is required
  3. An abstract or information page, if no DOI or PMID record is available
If a DOI or PMID is available, the URL should only be specified if it would point to a different page to that which a DOI or PMID would redirect to.
Note: the URL must be properly encoded, especially replacing any double quote (") with %22. See Percent-encoding for more information.
  • accessdate: Full date when URL/DOI was last checked. Should use the same format as the other full dates in the references. Must not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format of the document at its URL (e.g., PDF, xls, etc.) Don't specify for HTML (implied as default). This parameter is sometimes used for completely different purposes, with values such as "fee required" and "reprint", but its original intent was to warn readers of file formats that their browsers might have trouble with.
  • laysummary: URL of a lay summary, which could be in a popular science magazine or newspaper.
    • laysource: Name of the source, e.g. The Guardian (UK newspaper) or New Scientist.
    • laydate: Date of publication or, where this is not available, date of retrieval of the lay summary.
An alternative method of adding one or more references to common media (preferably in Layman's terms) from the related journal citation can be specified within a single <ref>...</ref> tag using other citation templates; for example:
Text in the article.<ref>{{Cite journal | ... }}<br/>
'''Related news articles:'''
*{{Cite news | ... }}
*{{Cite web | ... }}</ref>
  • quote: Relevant excerpt from the journal.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.
  • postscript: if specified, over-rides the default behaviour of terminating the citation with a full stop. Leave blank to suppress the full stop. This may be useful when using a quote which ends in punctuation, or when generating an output consistent with other templates. It is preferred to manually adding ending punctuation, as the punctuation occurs within the <cite> tag, so will appear before any icons added by browser plugins.
  • number: A synonym for the issue parameter, specific to the template {{cite journal}}.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. Do not Wikilink any values in the editor field but use editor-link instead. The template automatically adds "ed." after the editor's name unless the chapter parameter is used in which case the template adds "in" before the editor's name which appears after the chapter and before the title. This implies that the author is responsible only for part of the book (including the cited chapter) and the editor responsible for the whole book. If, however, the author(s) and editor(s) are responsible for the whole book, then the editor field or its alternates described below should not be used if the chapter field is being used. Instead, the editor(s) should be included in an author field with possibly "(ed.)" after the surname(s). Alternatively, the editor field may be used if the chapter detail is included in the title field instead of using the chapter field.
  • OR: alternatively editor-first and editor-last can be used in the same way as first and last.
  • OR: for multiple editors up to four in number, use the fields editor1-first, editor1-last, ...,editorn-first, editorn-last to 'correctly' record all the information about the book in the same way as firstn and lastn.
    • editor-link or editor1-link...editorn-link is used in the same way as authorlink or authorlinkn.
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also. If the field is present, but blank, no separator will be used.
  • archive parameters (if used, must be used both of them together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and Archive.org.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked.

Notes[hariri chanzo]

Although it may appear redundant to include multiple ids for articles, it is helpful for many editors who only have access to a certain resource. If only one ID is to be included, the DOI should be used, as this is the universal standard preferred by professional publications. Specifying a link as a doi, pmid etc is always preferable to including it as a url parameter, as it makes it clear that the link is accurate and stable, but not necessarily openly accessible.

Examples[hariri chanzo]

Formal citation
{{Cite journal |last=Smith |first=Joseph III |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |page=289}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.
Vancouver style (common in biomedicine)
{{Cite journal |author=Bannen RM, Suresh V, Phillips GN Jr, Wright SJ, Mitchell JC |title=Optimal design of thermally stable proteins |journal=Bioinformatics |volume=24 |issue=20 |pages=2339–43 |year=2008 |pmid=18723523 |pmc=2562006 |doi=10.1093/bioinformatics/btn450 |url=http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/24/20/2339 }}
Bannen RM, Suresh V, Phillips GN Jr, Wright SJ, Mitchell JC (2008). "Optimal design of thermally stable proteins". Bioinformatics 24 (20): 2339–43. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btn450
     . PMC 2562006
     . PMID 18723523
      . http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/24/20/2339.
Include URL link to free-article, pre-print or abstract; also supply access date unless the URL is known to be stable.
{{Cite journal |journal= Energy Policy |year=2008 |volume=36 |issue=6 |pages=1858–1866 |title= Effect of daylight saving time on lighting energy use: a literature review |author= Myriam B.C. Aries; Guy R. Newsham |doi=10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.021 |url=http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc49212/nrcc49212.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2009-09-01 }}
Myriam B.C. Aries; Guy R. Newsham (2008). "Effect of daylight saving time on lighting energy use: a literature review" (PDF). Energy Policy 36 (6): 1858–1866. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.021
     . http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc49212/nrcc49212.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
Specify the DOI to provide a permanent link. Also give the PMID abstract for medical articles, and the URL if the article is free. PubMed Central free full-text repository links may also be supplied and will link the title if URL not specified, else as additional linked PMC value at the end of the citation
{{Cite journal |author=Viollet B; Andreelli F; Jørgensen SB ''et al'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=J. Clin. Invest. |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |url=http://www.jci.org/articles/view/16567}}
Viollet B, Andreelli F, Jørgensen SB, et al (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". J. Clin. Invest. 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567
     . PMC 151837
     . PMID 12511592
      . http://www.jci.org/articles/view/16567.

Whereas if the url had not been specified, then the title is linked to PubMed Central's copy of the article and no duplicate PMC link is shown for compactness:

{{Cite journal |author=Viollet B, Andreelli F, Jørgensen SB, ''et al'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=J. Clin. Invest. |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |url=}}
Viollet B, Andreelli F, Jørgensen SB, et al (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". J. Clin. Invest. 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567
     . PMC 151837
     . PMID 12511592
      .

If the doi link is broken, then use of the doi_inactivedate parameter unlinks the doi value, indicates when the doi-problem was first noticed, and will also add the page to "Category:Pages with DOIs broken since YYYY":

{{Cite journal |author=Viollet B, Andreelli F, Jørgensen SB, ''et al'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=J. Clin. Invest. |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |doi_inactivedate=2008-06-18 |url=}}
Viollet B, Andreelli F, Jørgensen SB, et al (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". J. Clin. Invest. 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567
     . PMC 151837
     . PMID 12511592
      .
If the article is in a foreign language, and the original title is unknown
{{Cite journal |author=Huang Y, Lu J, Shen Y, Lu J |trans_title=The protective effects of total flavonoids from Lycium Barbarum L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats |language=Chinese |journal=Wei Sheng Yan Jiu |volume=28 |issue=2 |pages=115–6 |year=1999 |month=March |pmid=11938998}}
Huang Y, Lu J, Shen Y, Lu J (March 1999). "[The protective effects of total flavonoids from Lycium Barbarum L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats]" (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 28 (2): 115–6. PMID 11938998
      .
Other examples
  • {{Cite journal |last=Fowler |first=Martin |authorlink=Martin Fowler |coauthors=Kent Beck |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |pages=289}}
Fowler, Martin; Kent Beck (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.
  • {{Cite journal |first=W. Hugh |last=Woodin |title=The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I |journal=Notices of the AMS |volume=48 |issue=6 |year=2001 |pages=567–576 |location=Providence, RI |publisher=American Mathematical Society |url=http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf |format=PDF |issn=1088-9477 |oclc=34550461}}
Woodin, W. Hugh (2001). "The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I" (PDF). Notices of the AMS (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society) 48 (6): 567–576. ISSN 1088–9477
      . OCLC 34550461
      . http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf.
  • {{Cite journal |title=Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc |year=1982 |journal=VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX |volume=2 |issue=3 |pages=175}}
"Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc". VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX 2 (3): 175. 1982.

COinS[hariri chanzo]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData[hariri chanzo]

This template formats a citation to an article in a magazine or journal, using the provided source information (e.g. journal name, author, title, issue, URL) and various formatting options.

Template parameters

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Last namelastauthorauthor1authorslast1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Author linkauthor-linkauthorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 2last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 2author-link2author2-linkauthorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 3last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 3author-link3author3-linkauthorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 4last4author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 4author-link4author4-linkauthorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 5last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 5author-link5author5-linkauthorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 6last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 6author-link6author6-linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 7last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 7author-link7author7-linkauthorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 8last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 8author-link8author8-linkauthorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 9last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 9author-link9author9-linkauthorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Display authorsdisplayauthorsdisplay-authors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Last author ampersandlast-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Booleanoptional
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

Default
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

Default
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Vancouver style authorsvauthors

comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Source datedate

Date of the source; do not wikilink. As listed in the publication

Default
empty
Example
Summer 2017
Auto value
empty
Datesuggested
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; recommended only when date parameter format is YYYY-MM-DD and a CITEREF disambiguator is needed

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditor1-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 2editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 2editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 3editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 3editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 4editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 4editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 5editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 5editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 6editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 6editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 7editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 7editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 8editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 8editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 9editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 9editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Titletitle

The title of the article; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentrequired
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Translated titletrans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the &nbsp;protocol relative scheme "//..."

Default
empty
Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Dead URLdead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Journaljournal

Name of the source journal; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'work'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentrequired
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Seriesseriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Dateoptional
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Dateoptional
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number (print); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
eISSNeissn

International Standard Serial Number (online); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
OLol

Open Library identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Archive URLarchive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Archive datearchive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Dateoptional
URL access dateaccess-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Dateoptional
Registrationregistration

If the reference requires registration, type 'yes' to notify the reader.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Subscriptionsubscription

If the reference requires a subscription, type 'yes' to notify the reader.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay URLlay-urllayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Lay sourcelay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay datelay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Dateoptional
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Content deliverer (i.e. Database)via

Provider of the article (not the publisher), usually an aggregator of journal articles or a repository

Default
empty
Example
JSTOR, Project MUSE, Elsevier Science Direct
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
HDL access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional

Redirects[hariri chanzo]

See also[hariri chanzo]

External links[hariri chanzo]