Ubelgiji

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Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Koninkrijk België
Royaume de Belgique
Königreich Belgien

Ufalme wa Ubelgiji
Bendera ya Ubelgiji Nembo ya Ubelgiji
Bendera Nembo
Wito la taifa: Kifaransa: L'union fait la force ;
Kiholanzi: Eendracht maakt macht ;
Kijerumani: Einigkeit macht stark.
(Kiswahili: "Umoja ni nguvu")
Wimbo wa taifa: La Brabançonne (Wimbo la Brabant)
Lokeshen ya Ubelgiji
Mji mkuu Brussels
50°54′ N 4°32′ E
Mji mkubwa nchini Brussels
Lugha rasmi Kiholanzi, Kifaransa, Kijerumani
Serikali Ufalme wa kikatiba
Philippe Saxe-Coburg na Gotha
Charles Michel
Uhuru
Mapinduzi ya Ubelgiji
1830
Eneo
 - Jumla
 - Maji (%)
 
30,528 km² (ya 140)
6.2
Idadi ya watu
 - 2008 kadirio
 - [[{{{population_census_year}}}|{{{population_census_year}}}]] sensa
 - Msongamano wa watu
 
10,666,866 (ya 75)
11,198,638[1]

population_census_year = 2014
363.6/km² (ya 33)

Fedha Euro (EUR)
Saa za eneo
 - Kiangazi (DST)
CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Intaneti TLD .be
Kodi ya simu +32

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Ubelgiji (België kwa Kiholanzi, Belgique kwa Kifaransa na Belgien kwa Kijerumani) ni ufalme wa Ulaya ya Magharibi. Ni kati ya nchi 6 zilizoanzisha Jumuiya ya Kiuchumi ya Ulaya ambayo baadaye imekuwa Umoja wa Ulaya.

Imepakana na Ufaransa, Uholanzi, Ujerumani na Luxemburg.

Ina pwani kwenye Bahari ya Kaskazini.

Mji mkuu ni Brussels.

Wakazi wengi ni Wakristo, hasa wa Kanisa Katoliki, lakini 5% tu wanashiriki ibada za kila wiki.

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Jiografia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Majimbo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Ubelgiji ni shirikisho la majimbo matatu:

Katika Wallonia kuna pia wilaya ambayo wakazi wanatumia hasa Kijerumani ambacho ni lugha ya tatu ya kitaifa.[3][4]

Ushindani kama si chuki kati ya makundi hayo ndilo tatizo kuu la nchi.[5][6]

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Population statistics. Statistics Belgium, Federal Public Service Economy (1 May 2014). Iliwekwa mnamo 1 July 2014.
  2. Leclerc, Jacques, membre associé du TLFQ (18 January 2007). Belgique • België • Belgien—Région de Bruxelles-Capitale • Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest (French). L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde. Host: Trésor de la langue française au Québec (TLFQ), Université Laval, Quebec. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 9 June 2007. Iliwekwa mnamo 18 June 2007. “C'est une région officiellement bilingue formant au centre du pays une enclave dans la province du Brabant flamand (Vlaams Brabant)”
    * About Belgium. Belgian Federal Public Service (ministry) / Embassy of Belgium in the Republic of Korea. Iliwekwa mnamo 21 June 2007. “the Brussels-Capital Region is an enclave of 162 km2 within the Flemish region.”
    * Flanders (administrative region). Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Microsoft (2007). Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 31 October 2009. Iliwekwa mnamo 21 June 2007. “The capital of Belgium, Brussels, is an enclave within Flanders.”
    * Van de Walle, Steven, lecturer at University of Birmingham Institute of Local Government Studies, School of Public Policy. Language Facilities in the Brussels Periphery (PDF). KULeuven—Leuvens Universitair Dienstencentrum voor Informatica en Telematica. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 31 October 2009. Iliwekwa mnamo 21 June 2007. “Brussels is a kind of enclave within Flanders—it has no direct link with Wallonia.”
  3. The German-speaking Community at Belgium.be
  4. The German-speaking Community. The German-speaking Community. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 30 May 2007. Iliwekwa mnamo 5 May 2007. The (original) version in German language (already) mentions 73,000 instead of 71,500 inhabitants.
  5. Morris, Chris. "Language dispute divides Belgium", BBC News, 13 May 2005. Retrieved on 8 May 2007. 
  6. Petermann, Simon, Professor at the University of Liège, Wallonia, Belgium—at colloquium IXe Sommet de la francophonie—Initiatives 2001—Ethique et nouvelles technologies, session 6 Cultures et langues, la place des minorités, Bayreuth (25 September 2001). Langues majoritaires, langues minoritaires, dialectes et NTIC (French). Iliwekwa mnamo 4 May 2007.
Katika wavuti
Vitabu
  • Arblaster, Paul (23 December 2005). A History of the Low Countries, Hardcover 312pp, Palgrave Essential Histories, Palgrave Macmillan, New York. ISBN 1-4039-4827-5. 
  • Blom, J. C. H., Dutch State Institute for War Documentation, ed.; Lamberts, Emiel, Professor in Modern History KULeuven, ed.; Kennedy, James C., translator (May 1999). History of the Low Countries, Hardcover 503pp, Berghahn Books, Oxford/New York. ISBN 1-57181-084-6. 
  • Cammaerts, Émile L. [1913] (1921). A History of Belgium from the Roman Invasion to the Present Day, 357pp, D. Appleton and Co, New York. OCLC 1525559. 
    [Also editions [1913], London, OCLC 29072911; (1921) D. Unwin and Co., New York OCLC 9625246 also published (1921) as Belgium from the Roman invasion to the present day, The Story of the nations, 67, T. Fisher Unwin, London, OCLC 2986704]
  • de Kavanagh Boulger, Demetrius C. [1902] (28 June 2001). The History of Belgium: Part 1. Cæsar to Waterloo, Paperback 493pp, Elibron Classics, Adamant Media (Delaware corporation), Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ISBN 1-4021-6714-8.  Facsimile reprint of a 1902 edition by the author, London
    Ib. [1909] (June 2001). Ib. Part 2. 1815–1865. Waterloo to the Death of Leopold I, Paperback 462pp, Ib., Ib. ISBN 1-4021-6713-X.  Facsimile reprint of a 1909 edition by the author, London
  • Fitzmaurice, John (1996). The Politics of Belgium: A Unique Federalism, Paperback 284pp, Nations of the modern world, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, USA. ISBN 0-8133-2386-X. OCLC 30112536. 
  • Kossmann-Putto, Johanna A.; Kossmann Ernst H.; Deleu Jozef H. M., ed.; Fenoulhet Jane, translator (from: (1987)). De Lage Landen: geschiedenis van de Noordelijke en Zuidelijke Nederlanden. Vlaams-Nederlandse Stichting Ons Erfdeel, Rekkem [1987] (January 1993). The Low Countries: History of the Northern and Southern Netherlands, 3rd Rev. edition Paperback 64pp, Flemish-Netherlands Foundation "Stichting Ons Erfdeel", Rekkem, Belgium. ISBN 90-70831-20-1.  (Several editions in English, incl. (1997) 7th ed.)

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