Mitholojia ya Kigiriki

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Utatu wa Kigiriki na mgawanyo wa falme tatu za dunia: Zeus (mbingu), Poseidon (bahari) na Hade (kuzimu). Miungu midogo ni watoto wa watatu hao.
Kichwa cha Sanamu ya Zeu.

Mitholojia ya Kigiriki ni jumla ya elimu ya visasili au mitholojia ya Ugiriki ya Kale, yaani ukusanyaji wa masimulizi na hadithi kuhusu vyanzo, miungu na mashujaa wao. Ilikuwa moja ya sehemu za dini ya Ugiriki ya Kale.

Chanzo chetu kikuu kuhusu imani ya Wagiriki wa kale kabisa ni shairi la Theogonia lililotungwa na Hesiodo mnamo mwaka 700 KK.

Nasaba ya miungu ya Titani[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Titani aliyepinduliwa.

Watitani ni nasaba ya kwanza ya miungu katika mitholojia ya Kigiriki. Kiasili ni Watitani 12, wakiwemo 6 wa kiume na 6 wa kike wanaofunga ndoa kati yao na kuzaa Watitani wengine. Mkuu wao alikuwa Kronos hadi alipopinduliwa na mwanawe Zeus aliyeanzisha nasaba ya pili ya miungu ya Olimpos. Sehemu ya Watitani walijaribu kumpinga Zeus wakafukuzwa mbinguni.

  1. Hyperion – mungu wa nuru na jua, aliyemzaa mungu wa jua Helios, mungu wa kike wa mwezi Selene na mungu wa kike wa mapambazuko Eos
  2. Iapetosmume wa Klymene (binti wa Okeanos), aliyefukuzwa baadaye mbinguni
  3. Koios, aliyefukuzwa baadaye mbinguni
  4. Kreios – mume wa Eurybia
  5. Kronos – mkuu wa Watitani, baba wa Zeus, mume wa Rhea; alipinduliwa na Zeus akafukuzwa mbinguni akitawala kisiwa cha heri
  6. Mnemosyne – mama wa Muzi tisa
  7. Okeanos – mkuu wa bahari na himaya ya maji, baba wa miungu yote ya mito na pepo wa bahari na visima
  8. Phoibe – mke wa Koios, mungu wa mwezi
  9. Rheamama wa Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon na Zeus; alimfuata mumewe Kronos alipoondoka mbinguni
  10. Themis – mungu wa kike wa haki na mke wa pili wa Zeus; anajua wakati ujao
  11. Tethys – mke wa Okeanos
  12. Theia – mke wa Hyperion

Miungu Kumi na Miwili ya Olimpos[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Jina la Kigiriki Jina la Kiswahili Maelezo
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Afrodítē) Afrodita Mungu wa kike wa upendo na uzuri.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Apóllōn) Apolo Mungu wa nuru na ushairi.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Árēs) Ares Mungu wa vita.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ártemis) Artemi Mungu wa kike wa uwindo.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Athēná) Athena Mungu wa kike wa elimu na hekima.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Dēmḗtēr)

Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Dḗmētra)

Demetra Mungu wa kike wa mimea na kilimo.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Diónysos) Dioniso Mungu wa divai.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Érōs) Ero Mungu wa mapenzi.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ádēs) Hade Mungu wa kuzimu na bwana wa waliokufa.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ḗfaistos) Hefaisto Mungu wa uhunzi.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ḗra) Hera Mungu wa kike wa ndoa na malkia ya miungu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ermḗs) Herme Mjumbe wa miungu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Estía) Hestia Mungu wa kike wa moto.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Poseidṓn)

Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Poseidṓnas)

Poseidoni Mungu wa bahari.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Zeús)

Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Días)

Zeu Mungu wa radi na mfalme wa miungu.

Protogenoi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Jina la Kigiriki Jina la Kiswahili Maelezo
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Aithḗr) Aitheri Mungu wa anga.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Anágkē) Ananka Mungu wa kike wa kudra.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Érevos) Erebo Mungu wa giza.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Gaía) Gaya Mungu wa kike wa ardhi.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ēméra) Hemera Mungu wa kike wa mchana.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Kháos) Khaos
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Khrónos) Khrono Mungu wa muda.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (ai Nḗsoi) Visiwa Miungu ya kike wa visiwa.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Nýx) Niksi Mungu wa kike wa usiku.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ouranós) Urano Mungu wa mbingu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Oúros) Milima Miungu ya milima.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Póntos) Ponto Mungu wa bahari ya dunia nzima.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Tártaros) Tartaro Mungu wa tartaro.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Thálassa) Thalasa Malkia wa bahari na mke wa Ponto.

Titani Kumi na Wawili[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Jina la Kigiriki Jina la Kiswahili Maelezo
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Yperíōn) Hiperioni Mungu wa nuru ya jua.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Iapetós) Yapeto
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Koïos) Koyo Mungu wa fahamu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Kreïos) Kreyo
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Krónos) Krono Mfalme wa Titani.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Mnēmosýnē) Mnemosina Mungu wa kike wa kumbukumbu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Ōkeanós) Okeano Mungu wa bahari kuu.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Foívē) Foiba
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Réa) Rea Malkia wa Titani na mke wa Krono.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Tēthýs) Tethi Mungu wa kike wa mito.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Theía) Theya Mungu wa kike wa uonaji.
Lua error in Module:Unicode_data at line 293: attempt to index local 'data_module' (a boolean value). (Thémis) Themi

Majitu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Siklopsi (Κύκλωψ) - majitu-chongo watatu.
    • Arge (Ἄργης)
    • Bronte (Βρόντης)
    • Sterope (Στερόπης)
Icon-religion.png Makala hii kuhusu mambo ya dini bado ni mbegu.
Je, unajua kitu kuhusu Mitholojia ya Kigiriki kama historia yake au uenezi wake?
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