Nenda kwa yaliyomo

Ufunuo wa Yohane

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
(Elekezwa kutoka Ufu)
Yesu akimtokea Yohane.
Mchoro mdogo wa karne ya 9 uliopo katika ukurasa wa kwanza wa Kitabu cha Ufunuo, Biblia ya Basilika la Mt. Paulo, Roma, Italia.

Kitabu cha Ufunuo ni cha mwisho katika orodha ya vitabu 27 vinavyounda Agano Jipya katika Biblia ya Kikristo.

Kama vitabu vingine vyote vya Biblia, hiki pia kinatakiwa kisomwe katika mfululizo wa historia ya wokovu ili kukielewa kadiri ya maendeleo ya ufunuo wa Mungu kwa binadamu.

Mwandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kundi la mwisho la vitabu vya Agano Jipya linajulikana kwa jina la Yohane, kwa kuwa Injili ya nne, barua tatu na kitabu cha Ufunuo viliandikwa na mtume huyo na wanafunzi wake.

Agano Jipya

Akiwa kijana kuliko mitume wenzake, Yohane alijaliwa kuishi miaka mingi na kuandika hadi miaka 70 hivi baada ya Yesu kwenda mbinguni.

Miaka hiyo yote alizidi kutafakari na kuhubiri maneno na matendo ya Bwana akitambua mafumbo mengi yaliyofichika ndani yake. Pengine alirekebisharekebisha maandiko yake mpaka mwishoni, halafu akawaachia wanafunzi wake kuyakamilisha na kuyaeneza kati ya Wakristo wa mkoa wa Efeso ambapo aliongoza Kanisa miaka mingi.

Hatua muhimu ni ile iliyofuata kufungwa kwake katika kisiwa cha Patmo (leo nchini Ugiriki). Akiwa huko, Yesu Kristo alimtokea Yohane na kumpa ufunuo maalumu siku ya Bwana, yaani Jumapili (Ufu 1:9-11)

Ufunuo ni kitabu pekee cha kinabii katika Agano Jipya; kilikamilika mwaka 95 hivi B.K.; lengo lake ni kuwaimarisha katika tumaini Wakristo waliozidi kudhulumiwa na serikali ya Dola la Roma.

Mtindo wa uandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kitabu hiki kimejaa mafumbo kama kawaida ya mtindo wa kiapokaliptiko.

Mtindo huo ni mgumu kueleweka kwa sababu mwandishi hakuweza kutamka wazi watesi watakaoangamizwa na Mungu ni akina nani.

Tena alipenda kusisitiza anatoboa siri za Mungu alizojaliwa kuzijua kwa njia za ajabu (njozi, malaika n.k.).

Tunahitaji kutafsiri mifano mingi (vitu, viungo, rangi n.k.) na tarakimu (nne, saba, kumi na mbili, elfu n.k.).

Kwa ajili hiyo ni muhimu kujua maana zake katika Biblia (Ufunuo umejaa madondoo ya Agano la Kale: mistari 274 kwa 404!).

Mpangilio[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Mpangilio wake kwanza una barua saba kwa makanisa ya mkoa wa Efeso, halafu sura 4-22 zina unabii kuhusu mambo yajayo, yaani vita vikali zaidi na zaidi kati ya Yesu Kristo na shetani ambaye anatumia dini na serikali za Kipagani.

Ushindi utakuwa wa Kristo na Kanisa, ambao hatimaye wanachorwa kama bwanaarusi na bibiarusi katika utukufu wa Mungu. (Ufu 1;4-5; 12; 21-22).

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Ammannati, Renato (2010). Rivelazione e Storia. Ermeneutica dell'Apocalisse. Transeuropa. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Bass, Ralph E., Jr. (2004) Back to the Future: A Study in the Book of Revelation, Greenville, South Carolina: Living Hope Press, ISBN 0-9759547-0-9.
  • Bauckham, Richard (1993). The Theology of the Book of Revelation. Cambridge University Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Beale, G.K.; McDonough, Sean M. (2007). "Revelation". Katika Beale, G. K.; Carson, D. A. (whr.). Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Baker Academic. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Beale G.K., The Book of Revelation, NIGTC, Grand Rapids – Cambridge 1999. ISBN 0-8028-2174-X
  • Bousset W., Die Offenbarung Johannis, Göttingen 18965, 19066.
  • Boxall, Ian, (2006) The Revelation of Saint John (Black's New Testament Commentary) London: Continuum, and Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson. ISBN 0-8264-7135-8 U.S. edition: ISBN 1-56563-202-8
  • Boxall, Ian (2002) Revelation: Vision and Insight – An Introduction to the Apocalypse, London: SPCK ISBN 0-281-05362-6
  • Brown, Raymond E. (3 Oktoba 1997). Introduction to the New Testament. Anchor Bible. ISBN 0-385-24767-2.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Burkett, Delbert (2000). An Introduction to the New Testament and the Origins of Christianity. Cambridge University Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Collins, Adela Yarbro (1984). Crisis and Catharsis: The Power of the Apocalypse. Westminster John Knox Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Crutchfield, Larry V. (2001). "Revelation in the New Testament Canon". Katika Couch, Mal (mhr.). A Bible Handbook to Revelation. Kregel Academic. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Ehrman, Bart D. (2004). The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings. New York: Oxford. ISBN 0-19-515462-2.
  • Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2012). Apocalypse: The Illustrated Book of Revelation. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN: B008WAK9SS
  • Ford, J. Massyngberde (1975) Revelation, The Anchor Bible, New York: Doubleday ISBN 0-385-00895-3.
  • Gentry, Kenneth L., Jr. (1998) Before Jerusalem Fell: Dating the Book of Revelation, Powder Springs, Georgia: American Vision, ISBN 0-915815-43-5.
  • Gentry, Kenneth L., Jr. (2002) The Beast of Revelation, Powder Springs, Georgia: American Vision, ISBN 0-915815-41-9.
  • Hahn, Scott (1999) The Lamb's Supper: Mass as Heaven on Earth, Darton, Longman, Todd, ISBN 0814658180
  • Harrington Wilfrid J. (1993) Sacra Pagina: Revelation, Michael Glazier, ISBN 978-0814658185
  • Hernández, Juan, Scribal habits and theological influences in the Apocalypse, Tübingen 2006
  • Hoekema, Anthony A (1979). The Bible and the future. Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-3516-1. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Hudson, Gary W. (2006) Revelation: Awakening The Christ Within, Vesica Press, ISBN 0-9778517-2-9
  • Jennings, Charles A. (2001) The Book of Revelation From An Israelite and Historicist Interpretation, Truth in History Publications. ISBN 978-0979256585.
  • Kiddle M., The Revelation of St. John (The Moffat New Testament Commentary), New York – London 1941.
  • Kirsch, Thomas. A History of the End of the World: How the Most Controversial Book in the Bible Changed the Course of Western Civilization. New York: HarperOne, 2006.
  • Lohmeyer, Ernst, Die Offenbarung des Johannes, Tübingen 1953.
  • Muggleton, Lodowicke Works on the Book of Revelation London 2010 ISBN 978-1-907466-04-5
  • Müller U.B., Die Offenbarung des Johannes, Güttersloh 1995.
  • McDonald, Lee Martin; Sanders, James A. (2002). The Canon Debate. Hendrickson Publishers. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • McKim, Donald K. (2014). The Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms, Second Edition. Westminster John Knox Press,. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  • Senior, Donald; Getty, Mary Ann (1990). The Catholic Study Bible. Oxford University Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Mounce, Robert H. (1998). The Book of Revelation. Eerdmans. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Pate, C. Marvin (2010). Four Views on the Book of Revelation. Zondervan. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Pagels, Elaine (2012) Revelations: Visions, Prophecy, and Politics in the Book of Revelation, Viking Adult, ISBN 0-670-02334-5* Prigent P., L'Apocalypse, Paris 1981.
  • Weor, Samael Aun (2004) [1960]. The Aquarian Message: Gnostic Kabbalah and Tarot in the Apocalypse of St. John. Thelema Press. ISBN 0-9745916-5-3.
  • Pattemore, Stephen (2004). The People of God in the Apocalypse. Cambridge University Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Roloff J., Die Offenbarung des Johannes, Zürich 19872.
  • Shepherd, Massey H. (2004) The Paschal Liturgy and the Apocalypse, James Clarke, ISBN 0-227-17005-9
  • Schnelle, Udo (2007). Theology of the New Testament [tr.2009]. Baker Academic. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Stonehouse, Ned B., (c. 1929) The Apocalypse in the Ancient Church. A Study in the History of the New Testament Canon, n.d., Goes: Oosterbaan & Le Cointre. [Major discussion of the controversy surrounding the acceptance/rejection of Revelation into the New Testament canon.]
  • Stuckenbruck, Loren T. (2003). "Revelation". Katika Dunn, James D. G.; Rogerson, John William (whr.). Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible. Eerdmans. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Stephens, Mark B. (2011). Annihilation Or Renewal?: The Meaning and Function of New Creation in the Book of Revelation. Mohr Siebeck. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Sweet, J. P. M., (1979, Updated 1990) Revelation, London: SCM Press, and Philadelphia: Trinity Press International. ISBN 0-334-02311-4.
  • Tenney, Merrill C. (1988). Interpreting Revelation. Eerdmans. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Vitali, Francesco (2008) Piccolo Dizionario dell'Apocalisse, TAU Editrice, Todi
  • Wall, Robert W. (2011). Revelation. Baker Books. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Wikenhauser A., Offenbarung des Johannes, Regensburg 1947, 1959.
  • Witherington III, Ben, (2003) Revelation, The New Cambridge Bible Commentary, New York: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-00068-0.
  • Zahn Th., Die Offenbarung des Johannes, t. 1–2, Leipzig 1924–1926.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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Tafsiri ya Kiswahili[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • [1] Agano Jipya kwa lugha ya Kiswahili

Vya lugha nyingine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Makala hii kuhusu mambo ya Agano Jipya bado ni mbegu.
Je, unajua kitu kuhusu Ufunuo wa Yohane kama historia yake au mahusiano yake na mada nyingine?
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