Papua Guinea Mpya

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'Papua Guinea Mpya'
Papua Niugini
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Bendera ya Papua Guinea Mpya [[Picha:|110px|Nembo ya Papua Guinea Mpya]]
Bendera Nembo
Wito la taifa: Unity in diversity
Wimbo wa taifa: O Arise, All You Sons[1]
Lokeshen ya Papua Guinea Mpya
Mji mkuu Port Moresby
9°30′ S 147°07′ E
Mji mkubwa nchini Port Moresby
Lugha rasmi Kiingereza, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu
Serikali Ufalme wa Kikatiba
Elizabeth II wa Uingereza
Sir Paulias Matane
Sir Michael Somare
Uhuru
Madaraka ya kujitawala
Uhuru

1 Desemba 1973
16 Septemba 1975
Eneo
 - Jumla
 - Maji (%)
 
462,840 km² (ya 54)
2
Idadi ya watu
 - 2011 preliminary census kadirio
 - Msongamano wa watu
 
7,059,653 (ya 102)
15/km² (ya 201)
Fedha Kina (PGK)
Saa za eneo
 - Kiangazi (DST)
AEST (UTC+10)
(UTC+10)
Intaneti TLD .pg
Kodi ya simu +675

-


Ramani ya Papua Guinea Mpya
Wanakijiji huko Kerepunu, British New Guinea, 1885.

Papua Guinea Mpya (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini) ni nchi karibu na Indonesia na Australia inayokalia upande wa mashariki wa kisiwa cha Guinea Mpya pamoja na visiwa vya kandokando.

Nchi ni mwanachama wa Jumuia ya Madola. Mtawala ni malkia Elizabeth II.

Mji mkuu ni Port Moresby.

Nchini Papua Guinea Mpya kuna lugha za asili zaidi ya 800 (angalia orodha ya lugha za Papua Guinea Mpya).[2] Hiyo inaonyesha kwamba ni kati ya nchi zenye tofauti kubwa zaidi katika utamaduni.

Kati ya wakazi, wengi wanaishi katika mazingira asili,[3] ambayo kwa kiasi kikubwa hayajachunguzwa na wataalamu.[4]

Asilimia 18 tu wanaishi mijini.[5]

Upande wa dini, Ukristo unafuatwa na 96% ya wakazi.[6] kati ya madhehebu, linaongoza Kanisa Katoliki (27.0%), likifuatwa na Walutheri (19.5%).

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Inakadiriwa kwamba watu wa kwanza walifika huko miaka 42,000-45,000 KK.[7]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Never more to rise. The National (6 Februari 2006). Iliwekwa mnamo 2005-01-19.
  2. Papua New Guinea. Ethnologue
  3. (2012) pdf download Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 
  4. Gelineau, Kristen. "Spiders and frogs identified among 50 new species", The Independent, 26 March 2009. Retrieved on 26 March 2009. 
  5. World Bank data on urbanisation. World Development Indicators. World Bank (2005). Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2009-02-03. Iliwekwa mnamo 15 July 2005.
  6. Papua New Guinea. International Religious Freedom Report 2003. US Department of State.
  7. O’Connell, J. F., and J. Allen. "Pre-LGM Sahul (Australia-New Guinea) and the archaeology of early modern humans." Rethinking the human revolution: new behavioural and biological perspectives on the origin and dispersal of modern humans (2007): 395-410.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Biskup, Peter, B. Jinks and H. Nelson. A Short History of New Guinea (1970)
  • Connell, John. Papua New Guinea: The Struggle for Development (1997) online
  • Gash, Noel. A Pictorial History of New Guinea (1975)
  • Golson, Jack. 50,000 years of New Guinea history (1966)
  • Griffin, James. Papua New Guinea: A political history (1979)
  • (2012) pdf download Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 
  • Knauft, Bruce M. South Coast New Guinea Cultures: History, Comparison, Dialectic (1993) excerpt and text search
  • McCosker, Anne. Masked Eden: A History of the Australians in New Guinea (1998)
  • Mckinnon, Rowan, et al. Papua New Guinea & Solomon Islands (Country Travel Guide) (2008) excerpt and text search
  • Swadling, Pamela (1996). Plumes from Paradise. Papua New Guinea National Museum. ISBN 9980-85-103-1. 
  • Waiko. John. Short History of Papua New Guinea (1993)
  • Waiko, John Dademo. Papua New Guinea: A History of Our Times (2003)
  • Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura. Modern Papua New Guinea (1998) online

Vyanzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Jinks, Brian, ed. Readings in New Guinea history (1973)
  • Tim Flannery Throwim' Way Leg: Tree-Kangaroos, Possums, and Penis Gourds (2000) memoir excerpt and text search
  • Malinowski, Bronislaw. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea (2002) famous anthropological account of the Trobriand Islanders; based on field work in 1910s online
  • Visser, Leontine, ed. Governing New Guinea: An Oral History of Papuan Administrators, 1950–1990 (2012)
  • Whitaker, J.L. et al. eds. Documents and readings in New Guinea history: Pre-history to 1889 (1975)

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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