Shirika la Kimataifa la Usafiri wa Anga

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Shirika la Kimataifa la Usafiri wa Anga (kwa Kiingereza: International Air Transport Association - IATA) ni umoja wa kimataifa wa kampuni za usafiri kwa ndege. Makao makuu yake yako Montreal, Quebec nchini Kanada ambako kuna pia makao makuu ya Mamlaka ya Usafiri wa Anga wa Kiraia (International Civil Aviation Organization).

IATA ilianzishwa mwaka 1945 ili kujenga ushirikiano wa makampuni makubwa ya ndege. Leo hii kuna takriban kampuni wanachama 240. Haya ni hasa makampuni ya kitaifa au makampuni makubwa ya kibiashara yanayotoa huduma za kimataifa. Mashirika madogo yanayohudumia nchi moja tu, pamoja na mashirika ya ndege za kukodi, mara nyingi si wanachama.

Kati ya kazi za IATA ni jitihada za kusanifisha tiketi za usafiri wa ndege kwa shabaha ya kuwezesha abiria kusafiri kwa mashirika mabalimbali kwa kutumia tiketi 1 tu. IATA inasaidia pia mapatano kati ya mashirika wanachama kukubaliana kati yao tiketi za makampuni mengine.

Kazi muhimu nyingine ni kutoa kodi fupi kwa kila shirika na kila uwanja wa ndege. IATA inalenga pia kusanifisha taratibu za usalama kati ya makampuni ya usafiri kwa ndege.

Mashirika wanachama[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Mashirika yafuatayo ni wanachama wa IATA:[1]

Shirika Kifupi Kodi ICAO Nchi Kodi ya nchi
Adria Airways JP 165 ADR Slovenia SI
Aegean Airlines A3 390 AEE Ugiriki GR
Aer Lingus EI 053 EIN Eire IE
Aeroflot SU 555 AFL Urusi RU
Aerolineas Argentinas AR 044 ARG Argentina AR
Aeroméxico AM 139 AMX Mexiko MX
Aerosvit Airlines VV 870 AEW Ukraina UA
Afriqiyah Airways 8U 546 AAW Libya LR
Air Algérie AH 124 DAH Algeria AR
Air Astana KC 465 KZR Kazakhstan KZ
Air Austral UU 760 REU Réunion RE
Air Armenia QN 907 ARR Armenia AM
Air Baltic BT 657 BTI Latvia LV
Air Berlin AB 745 BER Ujerumani DE
AirBridgeCargo RU 580 ABW Urusi RU
Air Canada AC 014 ACA Kanada CA
Air Cargo Germany 6U 730 ACX Ujerumani DE
Air China CA 999 CCA China CN
Air Europa UX 996 AEA Hispania ES
Air France AF 057 AFR Ufaransa FR
Air India AI 098 AIC India IN
Air Jamaica JM 201 AJM Jamaika JM
Air Koryo JS 120 KOR Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Korea KP
Air Macau NX 675 AMU Makao (SAR), China CN
Air Madagascar MD 258 MDG Madagaska MG
Air Malta KM 643 AMC Malta MT
Air Mauritius MK 239 MAU Mauritius MU
Air Moldova 9U 572 MLD Moldawien, Republik MD
Air Namibia SW 186 NMB Namibia NA
Air New Zealand NZ 086 ANZ Nyuzilandi NZ
Air Niugini PX 656 ANG Papua-Neuguinea PG
Air Nostrum YW 694 ANE Hispania ES
Air One AP 867 ADH Italia IT
Air Pacific FJ 260 FJI Fiji FJ
Air Seychelles HM 061 SEY Seychellen SC
Air Tahiti VT 135 VTA Polynesia ya Kifaransa PF
Air Tahiti Nui TN 244 THT Polynesia ya Kifaransa PF
Air Vanuatu NF 218 AVN Vanuatu VU
Air Zimbabwe UM 168 AZW Zimbabwe ZW
Aircalin SB 063 ACI Neukaledonien NC
Airlink (ehem. South African Airlink) 4Z 749 LNK Afrika Kusini ZA
Alaska Airlines AS 027 ASA Marekani US
Alitalia AZ 055 AZA Italia IT
All Nippon Airways NH 205 ANA Japani JP
American Airlines AA 001 AAL Marekani US
AnadoluJet KT AJA Uturuki TK
Angola Airlines DT 118 DTA Angola AO
Arkia Israeli Airlines IZ 238 AIZ Israeli IL
Armavia U8 669 RNV Armenia AM
Asiana OZ 988 AAR Jamhuri ya Korea KR
Atlas Air 5Y 369 GTI Marekani US
Atlasjet KK 610 KKK Uturuki TK
Austral AU 143 AUT Argentina AR
Austrian OS 257 AUA Austria AT
Avianca AV 134 AVA Kolumbia CO
Azerbaijan Airlines J2 771 AHY Azerbaijani AZ
B&H Airlines JA 995 BON Bosnia na Herzegovina BA
Bangkok Airways PG 829 BKP Thailandi TH
Belavia Belarusian Airlines B2 628 BRU Belarusi BY
Belle Air Europe L9 BAL Italia IT
Biman Bangladesh Airlines BG 997 BBC Bangladeshi BD
Binter Canarias NT 474 IBB Hispania ES
Blue Panorama BV 004 BPA Italia IT
Blue Wings QW 049 BWG Ujerumani DE
Blue1 KF 142 BLF Ufini FI
bmi BD 236 BMA Uingereza GB
British Airways BA 125 BAW Uingereza GB
Brussels Airlines SN 082 DAT Ubelgiji BE
C.A.L. Cargo Airlines 5C 700 ICL Israeli IL
Cargojet Airways W8 489 CJT Kanada CA
Cargolux CV 172 CLX Luxemburg LU
Carpatair V3 021 KRP Romania RO
Caspian Airlines RV 879 CPN Irani IR
Cathay Pacific CX 160 CPA Hong Kong (SAR), China HK
CCM Airlines XK 146 CCM Ufaransa FR
China Airlines CI 297 CAL Taipei TW
China Cargo Airlines CK 112 CKK China CN
China Eastern MU 781 CES China CN
China Southern Airlines CZ 784 CSN China CN
Cimber Air QI 647 CIM Denmark DK
Cirrus Airlines C9 251 RUS Ujerumani DE
CityJet WX 689 BCY Eire IE
Comair MN 161 CAW Afrika Kusini ZA
Condor DE 881 CFG Ujerumani DE
Continental Airlines CO 005 COA Marekani US
Continental Micronesia CS 596 CMI Guam GU
Copa Airlines CM 230 CMP Panama PA
Corsairfly SS 923 CRL Ufaransa FR
Croatia Airlines OU 831 CTN Kroatia HR
Cubana CU 136 CUB Kuba CU
Cyprus Airways CY 048 CYP Kupro CY
Czech Airlines OK 064 CSA Ucheki CZ
Delta Air Lines DL 006 DAL Marekani US
Denim Airways 3D 490 DNM Uholanzi NL
DHL Air UK D0 992 DHK Uingereza GB
DHL International Aviation ME ES 155 DHX Bahrain BH
Dragonair KA 043 HDA Hong Kong (SAR), China HK
Egyptair MS 077 MSR Misri EG
El Al LY 114 ELY Israeli IL
Emirates EK 176 Falme za Kiarabu VAE AE
Estonian Air OV 960 ELL Estoni EE
Ethiopian Airlines ET 071 ETH Ethiopia ET
Etihad Airways EY 607 ETD Falme za Kiarabu AE
European Air Transport QY 615 BCS Ubelgiji BE
Eurowings EW 104 EWG Ujerumani DE
EVA Air BR 695 EVA Taipei TW
Federal Express FX 023 FDX USA US
Finnair AY 105 FIN Ufini FI
flybe BE 267 BEE Uingereza GB
Garuda Indonesia GA 126 GIA Indonesia ID
Gulf Air GF 072 GFA Bahrain BH
Hahn Air Lines HR 169 HHN Ujerumani DE
Hainan Airlines HU 880 CHH China CN
Hapag Lloyd HF 617 HLF Ujerumani DE
Hellas Jet HJ 681 HEJ Griechenland GR
Hemus Air DU 748 HMS Bulgaria BG
Iberia IB 075 IBE Hispania ES
Icelandair FI 108 ICE Iceland IS
Indian Airlines IC 058 IAC India IN
Interair South Africa D6 625 ILN Afrika Kusini ZA
Iran Air IR 096 IRA Iran IR
Iran Aseman Airlines EP 815 IRC Irani IR
Israir 6H 818 ISR Israeli IL
JALWays JO 708 JAZ Japani JP
Japan Airlines JL 131 JAL Japani JP
JAT Airways JU 115 JAT Serbia RS
Jet Airways 9W 589 JAI India IN
JetLite S2 705 RSH India IN
Jordan Aviation R5 151 JAV Jordani JO
Kenya Airways KQ 706 KQA Kenya KE
Kish Air Y9 780 IRK Irani IR
KLM KL 074 KLM Uholanzi NL
Korean Air KE 180 KAL Jamhuri ya Korea KR
Kuwait Airways KU 229 KAC Kuwaiti KW
LACSA LR 133 LRC Costa Rica CR
LAM TM 068 LAM Msumbiji MZ
LAN Airlines LA 045 LAN Chile CL
LAN Argentina 4M 469 DSM Argentina AR
LAN Chile Cargo UC 145 LCO Marekani US
LAN Ecuador XL 462 LNE Ekuador EC
LAN Perú LP 544 LPE Peru PE
Lauda Air NG 231 LDA Österreich AT
Libyan Arab Airlines LN 148 LAA Libya LY
LOT Polish Airlines LO 080 LOT Poland PL
LTU LT 266 LTU Ujerumani DE
Lufthansa LH 220 DLH Ujerumani DE
Lufthansa Cargo LH 020 GEC Ujerumani DE
Lufthansa CityLine CL 683 CLH Ujerumani DE
Luxair LG 149 LGL Luxemburg LU
Mahan Air W5 537 IRM Iran IR
Malaysia Airlines MH 232 MAS Malaysia MY
Malév MA 182 MAH Ungarn HU
Malmö Aviation TF 276 SCW Uswidi SE
MEA ME 076 MEA Lebanon LB
Meridiana IG 191 ISS Italia IT
Mexicana MX 132 MXA Mexiko MX
MIAT OM 289 MGL Mongolei MN
Montenegro Airlines YM 409 MGX Montenegro ME
Nigerian Eagle Airlines (ehem. Virgin Nigeria) VK 786 VGN Nigeria NG
Nippon Cargo Airlines KZ 933 NCA Japani JP
Oman Air WY 910 OMA Oman OM
Onur Air 8Q 066 OHY Uturuki TR
PAL PR 079 PAL Ufilipino PH
Pegasus Airlines PC 624 PGT Uturuki TR
Portugália Airlines NI 685 PGA Ureno PT
PIA PK 214 PIA Pakistan PK
PLUNA PU 286 PUA Uruguai HU
Precision Air PW 031 PRF Tanzania TZ
Qantas Airways QF 081 QFA Australia AU
Qatar Airways QR 157 QTR Katar QA
Rossiya - Russian Airlines FV 195 PLK Urusi RU
Royal Air Maroc AT 147 RAM Marokko MA
Royal Brunei BI 672 RBA Brunei BN
Royal Jordanian RJ 512 RJA Jordan JO
SAA SA 083 SAA Afrika Kusini ZA
Safair FA 640 SFR Afrika Kusini ZA
SAS SK 117 SAS Uswidi SE
SATA Air Açores SP 737 SAT Ureno PT
Saudi Arabian Airlines SV 065 SVA Saudi Arabia SA
Shandong Airlines SC 324 CDG China CN
Shanghai Airlines FM 774 CSH China CN
Shenzhen Airlines ZH 479 CSZ China CN
Siberia Airlines S7 421 SBI Urusi RU
Sichuan Airlines 3U 876 CSC China CN
Silk Air MI 629 SLK Singapur SG
Silk Way Airlines ZP 463 AZQ Azerbaijani AZ
Singapore Airlines SQ 618 SIA Singapore SG
Skyways JZ 752 SKX Uswidi SE
Spanair JK 680 JKK Hispani ES
SriLankan UL 603 ALK Sri Lanka LK
Sudan Airways SD 200 SUD Sudan SD
Surinam Airways PY 192 SLM Surinam SR
Swiss LX 724 SWR Uswisi CH
Syrian Arab Airlines RB 070 SYR Syria SY
TACA TA 202 TAI El Salvador SV
TAM Airlines PZ 692 LAP Paraguai PY
TAM Linhas Aéreas JJ 957 TAM Brazili BR
TAP Ureno TP 047 TAP Ureno PT
TAROM RO 281 ROT Romania RO
Thai Airways TG 217 THA Thailand TH
Turkish Airlines TK 235 THY Uturuki TR
TNT Airways 3V 756 TAY Ubelgiji BE
Transaero UN 670 TSO Urusi RU
TransAsia Airways GE 170 TNA Taipeh TW
Tunis Air TU 199 TAR Tunisia TN
Ukraine International Airlines PS 566 AUI Ukraine UA
United Airlines UA 016 UAL Marekani US
UPS Airlines 5X 406 UPS Marekani US
US Airways US 037 USA Marekani US
Vietnam Airlines VN 738 HVN Vietnam VN
Virgin Atlantic VS 932 VIR Uingereza GB
Vladivostok Avia XF 277 VLK Urusi RU
Volga-Dnepr Airlines VI* 412 VDA Urusi RU
Wideroe WF 701 WIF Norwei NO
Xiamen Airlines MF 731 CXA China CN
Yangtze River Express Y8 841 YZR China CN
Yemenia IY 635 IYE Yemeni YE

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