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1900–1949[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Date Jurisdiction Description
1900 Bendera ya Marekani USA, eneo la Guam Slavery abolished February 22, 1900, by proclamation of Richard P. Leary.[1]
1901 Flag of Delaware.svg Delaware Thirteenth Amendment ratified.
1902 Reichskolonialflagge.svg Kamerun ya Kijerumani Gradual abolition of slavery.[2]
1903 Flag of French Sudan.svg Sudan ya Kifaransa "Slave" no longer used as an administrative category.
1904 Bendera ya Ufalme wa Muungano United Kingdom
Bendera ya Ujerumani Germany
Bendera ya Denmark Denmark
Bendera ya Hispania Spain
Bendera ya Ufaransa France
Faili:Flag of the Kingdom of Italy Italy
Bendera ya Uholanzi Netherlands
Bendera ya Ureno Portugal
Bendera ya Urusi Russia
International Agreement for the suppression of the White Slave Traffic signed in Paris. Only France, the Netherlands and Russia extend the treaty to the whole extent of their colonial empires with immediate effect, and Italy extends it to Eritrea but not to Italian Somaliland.[3]
Flag of Kenya (1895–1921).svg British East Africa Slavery abolished.[4]
1905 Flag of French Sudan (1958–1959).svg Sudan ya Kifaransa Slavery formally abolished. Though up to one million slaves gain their freedom, slavery continues to exist in practice for decades afterward.
1906 Bendera ya Qing Dynasty China Slavery abolished beginning on 31 January 1910. Adult slaves are converted into hired laborers and the minors freed upon reaching age 25.[5]
Flag of Barotseland.svg Slavery abolished.[6]
1908 Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg The Young Turk Revolution eradicates the open trade of Zanj and Circassian women from Constantinople.[7]Kigezo:Better source needed
Bendera ya Congo Free State Congo Free State Belgium annexes the Congo Free State, ending the practice of slavery there.
1912 Bendera ya Uthai Thailand Siam Slavery abolished.[8]
1915 Bendera ya Malaysia Malaysia British Malaya Slavery abolished.[9]
1917 Faili:Flag of the British Raj.svg Indian indenture system abolished.[10]
1917 Bendera ya Soviet Union Soviet Union Decree Abolishing Classes and Civil Ranks
1918 Bendera ya Marekani United States Supreme Court rules in Arver v. United States that the 13th Amendment prohibition against involuntary servitude does not apply to conscription. The government can constitutionally force people to serve in the military against their will.
1919 Flag of Tanganyika (1923–1961).svg|frameless|30x30px]] Tanganyika Slavery abolished.[4]
1922 Bendera ya Moroko Morocco Slave trade abolished, slave holding remained legal.[11]
1923 Bendera ya Afghanistan Afghanistan Slavery abolished.[12]
Faili:Flag of Florida Convict lease abolished after the death of Martin Tabert, who was whipped for being too ill to work.[onesha uthibitisho]
Faili:Flag of British Hong Kong Hong Kong Slavery of Mui tsai abolished.
1924 Faili:Flag of the Kingdom of Iraq Iraq Slavery abolished.[onesha uthibitisho]
Faili:Flag of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.png Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Slavery abolished[13]
Faili:Flag of the League of Nations Temporary Slavery Commission appointed.
Bendera ya Uturuki Turkey Slavery abolished[14]
1926 Bendera ya Nepal Nepal Slavery abolished.[15]
Kigezo:Country data League of Nations Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery.
Bendera ya Ufalme wa Muungano United Kingdom British Burma Slavery abolished.[9]
Bendera ya Ufalme wa Muungano United Kingdom Law of Property Act 1925.
1927 Bendera ya Hispania Spain 1926 Slavery Convention ratified.
Bendera ya Ufalme wa Muungano United Kingdom
Faili:Flag of Nejd Nejd
[[picha:flag of the Kingdom of Hejaz|1920|name=Hejaz}}
Treaty of Jeddah (1927) abolishing the slave trade.
1928 Flag of Sierra Leone 1916-1961.gif Sierra Leone Abolition of domestic slavery practised by local African elites.[16] Although established as a place for freed slaves, a study found practices of domestic slavery still widespread in rural areas in the 1970s.[onesha uthibitisho]
Faili:Flag of Alabama Convict lease abolished, the last state in the Union to do so.
1929 Faili:Flag of Persia Uajemi Slavery abolished and criminalized.[17]
1930 Faili:Flag of the League of Nations Forced Labour Convention.
1935 Faili:Flag of the Ethiopian Empire Ethiopia The invading Italian General Emilio De Bono claims to have abolished slavery in the Ethiopian Empire.[18]
1935 Nazi Germany legalized forced labor.[19]
1936 Flag of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate (1900–1914).svg Northern Nigeria Slavery abolished.[20]
Bendera ya Ufalme wa Muungano United Kingdom Botswana (Bechuanaland) Slavery abolished.[21]
1937 Flag of Bahrain (1932–1972).svg Bahrain Slavery abolished.[22]
1940 Bendera ya Marekani United States Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Circular 3591 abolishing all forms of convict leasing.
1945 Bendera ya Dola la Tatu Nazi Germany Millions of forced labourers and slaves are freed after the fall of the Third Reich; see forced labour under German rule during World War II.
Faili:Flag of the Japanese Empire Millions of forced labourers and sex slaves are freed after the defeat of the Japanese Empire; see comfort women, rōmusha, East Asia Development Board.
1946 Merchant Flag of Germany (1946-1949).svg Occupied Germany Fritz Sauckel, Nazi official responsible for procuring forced labor in occupied Europe during World War II, is convicted of crimes against humanity and hanged.[23]
Faili:Flag of the French Sudan Beginning of large slave defections encouraged by the French Fourth Republic and the Sudanese Union – African Democratic Rally party.
1948 Faili:Flag of the United Nations Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares slavery contrary to human rights.[24]
1949 Bendera ya Kuwait Kuwait Slavery abolished.[22]
  1. "Affairs in America". CyclopeReview of Current History (Current History Co) 10: 1900: 54. 1901.
  2. Slavery in Colonial Cameroon, 1880s to 1930s.
  3. University of Minnesota Human Rights Library.
  5. Historical survey > Ways of ending slavery.
  6. Hogan, Jack (26 August 2014). The ends of slavery in Barotseland, Western Zambia (c.1800-1925).
  7. Levy, Reuben (1957). The Social Structure of Islam. UK: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named autogenerated61
  9. 9.0 9.1 International Abolition and Anti-Slavery Timeline American Abolitionists and Antislavery Activists.
  10. "The legacy of Indian migration to European colonies", The Economist, 2 September 2017. 
  11. Goodman, R. David. 2012. “Demystifying ‘Islamic Slavery’: Using Legal Practices to Reconstruct the End of Slavery in Fes, Morocco.” History in Africa 39: 143–74.
  12. Afghan Constitution: 1923.
  13. Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. Slavery, Abduction and Forced Servitude in Sudan.
  14. (26 March 2015) Encyclopedia of Emancipation and Abolition in the Transatlantic World. ISBN 9781317471790. 
  15. TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (30 August 1926). Slavery in Nepal Is Finally Abolished; More Than 55,000 Are Freed From Bondage.
  16. The Committee Office, House of Commons (2006-03-06). House of Commons – International Development – Memoranda.
  17. Kigezo:Cite court
  18. Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, p. 36
  19. Reichsarbeitsdienstgesetz, 1935
  20. The End of Slavery. BBC.
  21. Russell, Margo (1 April 1976). "Slaves or workers? Relations between Bushmen, Tswana, and Boers in the Kalahari". Journal of Southern African Studies 2 (2): 178–197. doi:10.1080/03057077608707953 .
  22. 22.0 22.1 Key dates in chronology of abolitions.
  23. The trial of German major war criminals : proceedings of the International Military Tribunal sitting at Nuremberg Germany.
  24. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. United Nations (10 December 1948). “Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948 ... Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”