Sesari wa Arles

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Sanamu yake huko Arles.

Sesari wa Arles (468/47027 Agosti 542) alikuwa mmonaki huko Lerins, halafu Askofu mkuu wa Arles (Ufaransa) miaka 502 - 542.[1] Alijitokeza kuwa askofu bora wa nchi hiyo katika karne ya 6 akaacha maandishi mengi[2][3][4], zikiwemo hotuba zaidi ya 250 ambazo zilihusu hasa maadili katika jitihada zake za kufanya walei pia wafuate maisha ya kiroho kama wamonaki[5].

Ndiye aliyesimamia mtaguso wa Orange wa mwaka 529, ambao maamuzi yake yameeneza athari ya Augustino wa Hippo katika mafundisho ya Kanisa la Kilatini kuhusu neema ya Mungu[6].

Pia ndiye wa kwanza katika Ukristo wa Magharibi kuandika kanuni ya kitawa kwa wanawake (512)[7].

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa na Kanisa Katoliki na Waorthodoksi kama mtakatifu na babu wa Kanisa.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe ya kifo chake.[8]

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Duchesne, Louis (1907). Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule. Paris, Fontemoing, pp. 257-259.. 
  2. Arthur Malnory, Saint Cesaire Évêque d'Arles (503-543), 1894 (présentation en ligne) Éditions: G. Morin, Corp. christ. 103-104 (1953). Traductions françaises : A. de Vogüé - J. Courreau, Sources chrétiennes 345 (1988, * Œuvres monastiques, M.-J. Delage, Sources chrétiennes 175, 243 (1971, 1978, Sermons au peuple).
  3. William E. Klingshirn: Caesarius of Arles : The Making of a Christian Community in Late Antique Gaul, Cambridge University Press, 1994).
  4. Césaire d'Arles et la christianisation de la Provence, Actes des journées « Césaire » (3-5 novembre 1988, 22 avril 1989), par D. Bertrand, M.-J. Delage, P.-. Février, J. Guyon, A. de Vogüé, Éditions du Cerf, 1994
  5. De Maeyer N., Partoens G. (2018). "Preaching in Sixth-Century Arles. The Sermons of Bishop Caesarius", Preaching in the Patristic Era: Sermons, Preachers, and Audiences in the Latin West. Cambridge: BRILL, 198—231. ISBN 9789004363564. 
  6. The most important local council over which Caesarius presided was that of Orange (529). Its statements on the subject of grace and free agency have been eulogized by modern historians (see, e.g., Canon Bright, Church History, ch. xi. ad fin.). The following propositions are laid down in the Council of Orange's canon 25:
    "This also do we believe, in accordance with the Catholic faith, that after grace received through baptism, all the baptized are able and ought, with the aid and co-operation of Christ, to fulfil all duties needful for salvation, provided they are willing to labour faithfully. But that some men have been predestinated to evil by divine power, we not only do not believe, but if there be those who are willing to believe so evil a thing, we say to them with all abhorrence anathema. This also do we profess and believe to our soul's health, that in every good work, it is not we who begin, and are afterwards assisted by Divine mercy, but that God Himself, with no preceding merits on our part, first inspires within us faith and love."
  7. Caesarius of Arles, Regula ad virgines and Regula ad monachos on Monastic Manuscript Project
  8. Martyrologium Romanum

Vyanzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]



  • Sermons, ed. by German Morin, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina, vol. 103-104, Turnhout: Brepols 1953, English translation by Magdeleine Mueller, Caesarius of Arles, Sermons, 3 vols., Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press 1956-73 (The Fathers of the Church, vol. 31, 47, 66).
  • Rule for nuns, ed. by Adalbert de Vogüé and Joël Courreau, Sources Chrétiennes, vol. 345, Paris: Cerf 1988, pp. 170–272, English translation by Maria Caritas McCarthy, Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press 1960.
  • Rule for monks, ed. by Adalbert de Vogüé and Joël Courreau, Sources Chrétiennes, vol. 398, Paris: Cerf 1994, pp. 204–226 (not yet translated into English).
  • Testament, ed. by Joël Courreau and Adalbert de Vogüé, SC 345, pp. 360–396, English translation in Klingshirn, Caesarius of Arles: Life, Testament, Letters, pp. 71–76.
  • Letters, transl. by William E. Klingshirn, Caesarius of Arles: Life, Testament, Letters, Liverpool 1994 (Translated Texts for Historians, vol. 19).

Vyanzo vingine:

  • Acts of Councils in Gaul, in Concilia Galliae, vol. 2: a. 511-a. 695, ed. by Charles de Clercq, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina, vol. 148a, Turnhout: Brepols 1963 (not translated into English).

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Arbesmann, Rudolph. 1979. "The "cervuli" and "anniculae" in Caesarius of Arles." Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought, and Religion 35: 89-119.
  • Delcogliano, Mark. 2006. "Caesarius of Arles: On living in the community." Cistercian Studies Quarterly 41: 17-30.
  • Diem, Albrecht, ‘ ...ut si professus fuerit se omnia impleturum, tunc excipiatur. Observations on the Rules for Monks and Nuns of Caesarius and Aurelianus of Arles’, in: Victoria Zimmerl-Panagl, Lukas J. Dorfbauer and Clemens Weidmann (eds.), Edition und Erforschung lateinischer patristischer Texte. 150 Jahre CSEL. Festschrift für Kurt Smolak zum 70. Geburtstag, Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter 2014, pp. 191–224.
  • Ferreiro, Alberto. 1992. ""Frequenter legere": the propagation of literacy, education, and Divine Wisdom in Caesarius of Arles." Journal of Ecclesiastical History 43: 5-15. A discussion of his homilies.
  • Klingshirn, William E. Caesarius of Arles: Life, Testament, Letters. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1994.
  • Klingshirn, William E. "Charity and Power: Caesarius of Arles and the Ransoming of Captives in Sub-Roman Gaul;" Journal of Roman Studies 75 (1985): 183-203.
  • Leyser, Conrad Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000).
  • Markus, Robert Austin, The End of Ancient Christianity, (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990).
  • Rudge, Lindsay. "Texts and Contexts: Women's Dedicated Life from Caesarius to Benedict." PhD diss., University of St. Andrews, 2006.
  • Bailey L. K. (2007). "These Are Not Men": Sex and Drink in the Sermons of Caesarius of Arles. 15 (Journal of Early Christian Studies ed.). pp. 23—43. doi:10.1353/earl.2007.0011

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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