Henry VIII

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Mfalme Henri VIII alivyochorwa na Hans Holbein the Younger, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Uingereza.

Henry VIII (28 Juni 1491 – 28 Januari 1547) alikuwa mfalme wa Uingereza kuanzia tarehe 21 Aprili 1509 hadi kifo chake. Ni wa pili kutoka nasaba ya Tudor, akimfuata baba yake, Henry VII.

Maisha na matukio[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Henry anajulikana hasa kwa kuoa wanawake sita, mmoja baada ya mwingine, na hasa kwa juhudi zake za kubatilisha ndoa yake ya kwanza na Katerina wa Aragona zilizomfanya hatimaye atenganishe Kanisa la Uingereza na Papa, akijifanya mkuu wa Kanisa. Pamoja na kutengwa na Kanisa Katoliki kwa sababu hiyo, aliendelea kusadiki mafundisho yake.[1]

Katika masuala ya ndani, Henry alijulikana kwa kubadilisha sana katiba ya nchi, akizidisha mamlaka yake mwenyewe. Waliopinga walishutumiwa kama wasaliti na mara nyingi kuhukumiwa adhabu ya kifo, akiwemo waziri mkuu Thomas More.

Matumizi yake yalikuwa makubwa mno, kwa ajili ya fahari na vita, hivi kwamba pesa nyingi alizofaulu kujipatia kwa kuteka mali ya monasteri na kuzuia kodi iliyokuwa inalipwa awali kwa Papa, hazikumtosha kamwe.

Aliunganisha Uingereza na Wales akawa pia mfalme wa kwanza wa Uingereza kushika nafasi ya mfalme wa Ireland.

Mwanzoni wengi walipendezwa naye[2], lakini baadaye alizidi kunenepa, afya yake ilitetereka, na hata nafsi yake ilivurugika na kumfanya mzinzi, mkatili, mwoga.[3]

Baada yake alitawala mwanae Edward VI.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Scarisbrick 1997, p. 361
  2. Guy 2000, p. 41.
  3. Ives 2006, pp. 28–36

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

     . PMID 22169966
      . http://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/267683/Henry-Viii-s-Obesity-Following-Traumatic-Brain-Injury.html.
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     . ISSN 0021-969X
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  • Churchill, Winston (1966). The New World, History of the English Speaking Peoples 2. Cassell and Company. 
  • Crofton, Ian (2006). The Kings and Queens of England. Quercus Books. ISBN 978-1-84724-141-2. 
  • (2009) The Rule of Women in Early Modern Europe. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-07616-9. 
  • Davies, Jonathan (2005). "'We Do Fynde in Our Countre Great Lack of Bowes and Arrows': Tudor Military Archery and the Inventory of King Henry VIII". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research 83 (333): 11–29. ISSN 0037-9700
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     . ISSN 0018-246X
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  • Wilkinson, Josephine (2009). Mary Boleyn: the True Story of Henry VIII's Favourite Mistress, 2, Amberley Publishing. ISBN 0-300-07158-2. 
  • Williams, James (2005). "Hunting and the Royal Image of Henry VIII". Sport in History 25 (1): 41–59. doi:10.1080/17460260500073082
     . ISSN 1746-0263
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Marejeo mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maisha[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Bowle, John (1964). Henry VIII: a Study of Power in Action. Little, Brown and Company. 
  • Erickson, Carolly (1984). Mistress Anne: the Exceptional Life of Anne Boleyn. 
  • Cressy, David (1982). "Spectacle and Power: Apollo and Solomon at the Court of Henry VIII". History Today 32 (Oct): 16–22. ISSN 0018-2753
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Utafiti wa kitaalamu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Bernard, G. W. (1986). War, Taxation, and Rebellion in Early Tudor England: Henry VIII, Wolsey, and the Amicable Grant of 1525. 
  • Bernard, G. W. (1998). "The Making of Religious Policy, 1533–1546: Henry VIII and the Search for the Middle Way". Historical Journal 41 (2): 321–349. doi:10.1017/S0018246X98007778
     . ISSN 0018-246X
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     . ISSN 0950-3471
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  • (1986) Revolution Reassessed: Revision in the History of Tudor Government and Administration. 
  • Doran, Susan (2009). The Tudor Chronicles: 1485 - 1603. Sterling Publishing, 78–203. ISBN 978-1-4351-0939-1. 
  • (1986) Reassessing the Henrician Age: Humanism, Politics and Reform 1500–1550. 
  • Guy, John. The Children of Henry VIII (Oxford University Press; 2013) 258 pages; traces the lives of Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond.
  • Head, David M. (1982). "Henry VIII's Scottish Policy: a Reassessment". Scottish Historical Review 61 (1): 1–24. ISSN 0036-9241
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  • Head, David M. (1997). "'If a Lion Knew His Own Strength': the Image of Henry VIII and His Historians". International Social Science Review 72 (3–4): 94–109. ISSN 0278-2308
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  • Hoak, Dale (2005). "Politics, Religion and the English Reformation, 1533–1547: Some Problems and Issues". History Compass (3). ISSN 1478-0542
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Vyanzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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