Android

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Android robot.svg

Android ni jina la aina ya mfumo huria wa uendeshaji wa simu za mikononi. Mfumo huu hutumiwa hasa katika simujanja, kama vile Google inavyomiliki Google Nexus, vilevile kampuni nyingine zinafanya hivyo hivyo ikiwa ni pamoja na HTC na Samsung. Mfumo huu wa uendeshaji umepata kutumika pia katika tablet kama vile Motorola, Xoom na Amazon Kindle Fire. [1]

Google wanasema zaidi ya simujanja milioni 1.3 zenye mfumo wa Android zinauzwa kila siku.[2] Hii imeifanya Android kuwa miongoni mwa mifumo ya uendeshaji wa simu inayotumika sana duniani.

Programu za Android[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Programu za Android, zinaitwa "apps" za simu za mkononi, ambazo zinatoka duka la Google Play. Programu hizi zinatumia mtindo wa .apk. Programu za Android zimetengenezwa na lugha ya Python, C, C++, au lugha za Java lakini Kusano za mtumiaji daima hutengenezwa kwa kutumia Java na XML. Kuna apps zaidi ya milioni 2.8 zinapatikana katika Android.[3]

Kati ya programu hizi kuna apps za manufaa kama vile za kusaidia utendaji kazi wa simu kwa mfano app ya kusaidia utendaji kazi wa simu mtu akicheza michezo ya simu[4], burudani kama vile muziki na michezo ya simu na apps za kulaghai watumiaji au za kutumia kufanya ulaghai kama vile apps za kufichua nenosiri au kuiba mtandao wa intaneti. Ni muhimu mtu kuwa na uhakika na apps anazoziweka kwa simu yake.

Matoleo ya Android na majina yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Samsung Galaxy yenye toleo la Android

Kila toleo la bidhaa la Android lina namba na jina linatokana na majina ya vitu vitamutamu. Namba za matoleo na majina yake ni:

  • Matoleo ya Beta: Ni Astro na Bender
  • 1.5: Cupcake
  • 1.6: Donut
  • 2.0 and 2.1: Eclair
  • 2.2: Froyo (FROzen YOgurt)
  • 2.3: Gingerbread
  • 3.x: Honeycomb (a tablet-only version)
  • 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich
  • 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3: Jelly Bean
  • 4.4: KitKat
  • 5.0 and 5.1: Lollipop
  • 6.0 and 6.0.1: Marshmallow[5]
  • 7.0 and 7.1: Nougat
  • 8.0: Oreo
  • Coloring Boook For Kids for Android [6]
Jina la
Toleo
Nambali ya
Toleo
Linux Kernel
inayotumika
Tarehe ya
Uzinduzi
kiwango cha
API
(Haina Jina la Toleo) 1.0 dunno 2008 Septemba 23 1
Petit Four (jina lisilo rasmi) 1.1 2.6.X 2009 Februali 9 2
Cupcake 1.5 2.6.27 2009 Aprili 27 3
Donut 1.6 2.6.29 2009 Septemba 15 4
Eclair 2.0 – 2.1 2.6.29 2009 Oktoba 26 5 – 7
Froyo 2.2 – 2.2.3 2.6.32 2010 Mei 20 8
Gingerbread 2.3 – 2.3.7 2.6.35 2010 Decemba 6 9 – 10
Honeycomb 3.0 – 3.2.6 2.6.36 2011 Februari 22 11 – 13
Ice Cream Sandwich 4.0 – 4.0.4 3.0.1 2011 Oktoba 18 14 – 15
Jelly Bean 4.1 – 4.3.1 3.0.31 to 3.4.39 2012 Julai 9 16 – 18
KitKat 4.4 – 4.4.4 3.10 2013 Oktoba 31 19 – 20
Lollipop 5.0 – 5.1.1 3.16.1 2014 Novemba 12 21 – 22
Marshmallow 6.0 – 6.0.1 3.18.10 2015 Agosti 5 23
Nougat 7.0 – 7.1.2 4.4.1 2016 Agosti 22 24 – 25
Oreo 8.0 – 8.1 4.10 2017 Agosti 21 26 – 27
Pie 9.0 4.4.107, 4.9.84, and 4.14.42 2018 Agosti 6 28

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Android Project Home
  2. There Are Now 1.3 Million Android Device Activations Per Day. TechCrunch (2012-09-05).
  3. Number of apps on Android Devices.
  4. Anon. Game Booster: 2X Speed for games Android Free (en-US). Androidhackers Net. Iliwekwa mnamo 2018-08-13.
  5. Introducing new Android OS Marshmallow 6.0. Android Official. Iliwekwa mnamo 1 June 201.
  6. Anon. Coloring Book for Kids (en-US). Android Studio. Iliwekwa mnamo 2018-09-13.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]