Alexandria Villaseñor

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Alexandria Villaseñor akipokea tuzo ya Tribeca Disruptive Innovation, 2019

Alexandria Villaseñor (amezaliwa 18 Mei 2005) ni mwanaharakati wa hali ya hewa kutoka New York, Marekani . Mfuasi wa harakati za Fridays for Future movement na mwanaharakati mwenzake wa hali ya hewa Greta Thunberg.[1] Villaseñor ni mwanzilishi mwenza wa mgomo wa hali ya hewa wa vijana wa Marekani US Youth Climate Strike na mwanzilishi wa Earth Uprising.[2]

Biografia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Villaseñor alizaliwa mnamo 2005 huko Davis, California, ambapo alikulia.[3][4] Familia ilihama kutoka kaskazini mwa California kwenda New York mwaka 2018.[5] Villaseñor ni Mlatina.[6] Lengo lake ni siku moja kufanya kazi Umoja wa Mataifa.[7]

Uanaharakati[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Mapigano ya Villaseñor ya hatua ya hali ya hewa yalisababishwa wakati alipokamatwa na wingu la moshi tangu Novemba 2018 Camp Fire huko California wakati wa ziara ya familia. Kama mgonjwa wa pumu, aliugua mwili, wakati huo alifanya utafiti juu ya mabadiliko ya tabianchi na kuongezeka kwa joto ambayo ilichangia ukali wa moto.[4] Mama yake, Kristin Hogue, aliandikishwa katika mpango wa MA katika hali ya hewa na jamii katika Chuo Kikuu cha Columbia.[4] na Villaseñor mara kwa mara alikuwa akihudhuria darasa na mama yake, ambapo alijifunza juu ya msingi wa sayansi ya mabadiliko ya tabianchi.[8] Hivi karibuni baadaye, alijiunga na New York's chapter of Zero Hour, kikundi cha wanaharakati wa hali ya hewa cha vijana wa Marekani.[4]

Villaseñor amechukua sawa hatua ya hali ya hewa kwa Thunberg, ambaye alimpa msukumo kwa hotuba yake ya 4 Desemba 2018 katika mkutano wa United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) huko Katowice, Poland. Tangu Desemba 14, 2018 (wakati mkutano wa COP24 ulikuwa bado unaendelea),[4]alikuwa anaruka kila siku ya Ijumaa kwenda shule ili kuandamana dhidi ya ukosefu wa hatua za hali ya hewa mbele ya makao makuu ya Umoja wa Mataifa huko New York.[9]Hashiriki tena na kikundi cha vijana cha mgomo wa hali ya hewa cha Marekani "US Youth Climate Strike group"[10] na alianzisha kikundi cha elimu ya mabadiliko ya tabianchi "Earth Uprising".[11]

Mnamo Mei 2019, Villaseñor alikuwa mpokeaji wa tuzo ya Disruptor Award kutoka kwa Tribeca Disruptive Innovation Awards (TDIA), alipokea udhamini wa shirika la The Common Good advocacy organization[12]na alipewa tuzo ya uongozi wa hali ya hewa kwa vijana Youth Climate Leadership prize kutoka Earth Day Network.[13]

Wakati Thunberg alipofikai jiji la New York kutoka kwa safari yake ya boti ya transatlantic mnamo Agosti 2019, Villaseñor, Xiye Bastida, na wanaharakati wengine wa hali ya hewa walimsalimu Thunberg wakati wa kuwasili.[14]Kufikia wakati huo, walikuwa tayari wameanzisha mawasiliano kati yao kupitia mitandao ya kijamii .[15]

Mnamo 23 Septemba 2019, Villaseñor, pamoja na wanaharakati wengine 15 wa vijana pamoja na Greta Thunberg, Catarina Lorenzo, na Carl Smith, waliwasilisha malalamiko ya kisheria kwa Umoja wa Mataifa wakituhumu nchi tano, ambazo ni Ufaransa, Ujerumani, Brazil, Argentina, na Uturuki kwa kushindwa kutekeleza malengo yao ya kupunguza ambayo walifanya katika ahadi zao za Mapatano ya Paris kuhusu Tabianchi.[16][17]

Katikati ya Oktoba 2019, alihudhuria mkutano wa C40 World Mayors Summit huko Copenhagen, Denmark.[18]

Katikati ya Januari 2020, alihudhuria mkutano wa uchumi ulimwenguni World Economic Forum kama spika wa vijana na kisha akashiriki mgomo wa "School strike for climate" huko Davos, Uswizi pamoja na Greta Thunberg mnamo Januari 24, 2020.[19]

Mnamo 19 Agosti 2020, Alexandria alihutubia mkutano wa kitaifa wa Democratic National Convention kama sehemu ya kipengele chao cha mabadiliko ya tabianchi.[20]

Mnamo 1 Desemba 2020, alitajwa na jarida la Seventeen kama mmoja wa sauti zao wa mwaka 2020 (2020 Voices of the Year).[21]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Kaplan, Sarah. "How a 7th-grader's strike against climate change exploded into a movement", The Washington Post, February 16, 2019. Retrieved on June 25, 2019. 
  2. Alexandria Villaseñor. Iliwekwa mnamo May 4, 2019.
  3. "'We won't stop striking': the New York 13 year-old taking a stand over climate change", The Guardian, March 12, 2019. Retrieved on July 20, 2019. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Kaplan, Sarah. "How a 7th-grader's strike against climate change exploded into a movement", The Washington Post, February 16, 2019. Retrieved on May 4, 2019. 
  5. "Beware the kids: US youth to join strike for climate", Al Jazeera, March 15, 2019. Retrieved on May 8, 2019. 
  6. Meet Alexandria Villaseñor, the Young Woman Inspiring People to Take Action on the Climate Change Crisis (June 24, 2019).
  7. "The World Is Burning. These Girls Are Fighting to Save It.", Elle, March 14, 2019. Retrieved on July 20, 2019. 
  8. "These young activists are striking to save their planet from climate change", National Geographic, March 13, 2019. Retrieved on July 20, 2019. 
  9. "Meet the teens leading a global movement to ditch school and fight climate change", CBS News, February 22, 2019. Retrieved on May 4, 2019. 
  10. Our Co Executive Directors & National Co-Directors. US Youth Climate Strike. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2019-03-17. Iliwekwa mnamo May 8, 2019.
  11. "A New Generation of Activists Is Taking the Lead on Climate Change", Rolling Stone, April 26, 2019. Retrieved on May 8, 2019. 
  12. Alexandria Villaseñor. The Common Good. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2019-05-25. Iliwekwa mnamo May 25, 2019.
  13. 14-Year-Old Alexandria Villaseñor Has Been Striking Outside UN Headquarters for 5 Months. Here's Why. Earth Day Network. Iliwekwa mnamo May 25, 2019.
  14. Lela Nargi. "Greta Thunberg's New York visit inspires young climate activists", September 9, 2019. Retrieved on September 15, 2019. (en) 
  15. Lela Nargi. "14-åriga klimataktivisten Alexandria Villaseñor om vänskapen med Greta Thunberg", September 22, 2019. Retrieved on September 24, 2019. (en) 
  16. Why Teen Climate Activist Alexandria Villaseñor Is Suing the World For Violating Her Rights.
  17. 16 children, including Greta Thunberg, file landmark complaint to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (en).
  18. Press Conferences (en). C40 World Mayors Summit (October 10, 2019). Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2020-11-26. Iliwekwa mnamo October 12, 2019.
  19. 'We Have So Much More to Do,' Youth Climate Activists Declare as Global Elite Close Out Davos Forum (en) (January 24, 2020). Iliwekwa mnamo December 2, 2020.
  20. Youth Climate Activists to Speak at Democratic National Convention (en) (August 19, 2020). Iliwekwa mnamo December 2, 2020.
  21. 15 Teens Who Changed the World (en) (December 1, 2020). Iliwekwa mnamo December 2, 2020.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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