Pepin Mfupi

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Pepin Mfupi katika mchoro mdogo, Anonymi chronica imperatorum, 1112–1114 hivi.

Pepin Mfupi (kwa Kifaransa: Pépin le Bref; 714 hivi – 24 Septemba 768) alikuwa mfalme wa Wafaranki tangu mwaka 751 hadi kifo chake.

Alikuwa mtoto mdogo wa Karolo Nyundo na Rotrude wa Hesbaye, akawa baba wa Karolo Mkuu.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Brown, T.S. (1995). "Byzantine Italy", The New Cambridge Medieval History, c.700-c.900 Vol. II. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Dutton, Paul Edward (2008). Charlemagne's Mustache: And Other Cultural Clusters of a Dark Age. Palgrave Macmillan. 
  • Enright, M.J. (1985). Iona, Tara, and Soissons: The Origin of the Royal Anointing Ritual. Walter de Gruyter. 
  • Lewis, Archibald R. (2010). The Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718–1050. THE LIBRARY OF IBERIAN RESOURCES ONLINE. 
  • Petersen, Leif Inge Ree (2013). Siege Warfare and Military Organization in the Successor States (400-800 AD): Byzantium, the West and Islam. Leiden: Brill Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-25199-1. 
  • Riché, Pierre (1993). The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe. University of Pennsylvania Press. 
  • (2002) The Rise of the Medieval World, 500-1300: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press. 
  • (2011) A Global Chronology of Conflict Vol. I. ABC-CLIO. 

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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