Aretha mfiadini

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Mchoro mdogo katika Menologion of Basil II ukionyesha Aretha alivyokatwa kichwa. Wenzake wengi walichomwa moto.

Aretha (kwa Kiarabu: الحارث, "al-Haarith") alikuwa kiongozi wa Wakristo Waorthodoksi wa Mashariki wenye asili ya Ethiopia walioishi Najran (leo Ukhdūd nchini Saudia) mwanzoni mwa karne ya 6.

Aliuawa pamoja na wenzake walau 340, 4,000 kama si 20,000 (akiwemo mke wake Ruma na mabinti wao wanne) mwaka 523, wakati wa dhuluma ya mfalme Dhu Nuwas aliyekuwa ameongokea dini ya Uyahudi .[1][2]

Anajulikana kupitia Acta S. Arethae (pia: Martyrium sancti Arethae au Martyrium Arethae)[3][4][5]

Kurani inalaani dhuluma hiyo katika sura LXXXV:4-8.

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa na Wakatoliki, Waorthodoksi na Waorthodoksi wa Mashariki kama mtakatifu mfiadini[6].

Sikukuu yake na ya wenzake huadhimishwa nao tarehe 24 Oktoba [7].

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. R. Fulton Holtzclaw (1980). The Saints go marching in : a one volume hagiography of Africans, or descendants of Africans, who have been canonized by the church, including three of the early popes. Shaker Heights, OH: Keeble Press, 120. OCLC 6081480. “Najran, in Yemen, was the scene, in 523, of a massacre of Ethiopians and other Christians by Jews and Arabs. A leader among the victims was the chief of the Bono Horith, St. Aretas (see: Elesbaan).” 
  2. Vincent J. O'Malley (2001). Saints of Africa. Our Sunday Visitor Publishing. ISBN 0-87973-373-X. 
  3. Paolo Marrassini, "Frustula nagranitica" Aethiopica 14 (2011): 7-32
  4. Alessandro Bausi and Alessandro Gori 2006, Tradizioni orientali del ‘Martirio di Areta’. La Prima recensione araba e la Versione etiopica. Edizione critica e traduzione … Presentazione di Paolo Marrassini = Quaderni di Semitistica 27, Firenze: Dipartimento di Linguistica, Università degli Studi
  5. Marina Detoraki and J.Beaucamp, 2007, Le martyre de saint Aréthas et de ses compagnons (BHG 166), édition critique, étude et annotation Marina Detoraki, traduction par Joëlle Beaucamp, appendice sur les versions orientales par André Binggeli = Collège de France – CNRS, Centre de recherche, d’histoire et de civilisation de Byzance, Travaux et Mémoires – Monographies 27, Le massacre de Najrân. Religion et politique en Arabie du Sud au VIe siècle I, Paris: Association des amis du Centre d’histoire et de civilisation de Byzance.
  6. SQPN Saints
  7. Protection of the Mother of God Church, List of Saints
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