Severini Boesyo

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Boesyo akifundisha
(mchoro mdogo wa mwaka 1385 katika nakala ya Consolation of Philosophy.)
Bibi Falsafa na Boesyo kutoka Consolatio, (Ghent, 1485).

Severini Boesyo (jina kamili kwa Kilatini: Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius[1][2][3] Roma, 480Pavia, 524 BK), alikuwa seneta wa Bunge la Roma, gavana, magister officiorum, na mwanafalsafa wa mwanzo wa karne ya 6.

Maisha[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Aliishi na kufanya kazi chini ya utawala wa Waostrogoti walioteka Italia na kumaliza Dola la Roma miaka 4 kabla hajazaliwa.

Hatimaye mfalme Theoderiko Mkuu aliagiza auawe mwaka 524 kwa tuhuma ya kufanya njama ya kumuua.[4] Akiwa gerezani, Boesyo aliandika kitabu chake bora, De Consolatione Philosophiae ("Faraja ya Falsafa"), ambacho ni kati ya vile vilivyoathiri zaidi Karne za Kati.

Heshima baada ya kifo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kaburi la Boesyo ndani ya kanisa la San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro, Pavia.

Tangu mwaka 1883 Kanisa Katoliki linamheshimu Boesyo kama mtakatifu mfiadini.[5][6]

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 23 Oktoba.[7]

Maandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Hisabati
  • De arithmetica (On Arithmetic, c. 500) adapted translation of the Introductionis Arithmeticae by Nicomachus of Gerasa (c. 160 – c. 220).
  • De musica (On Music, c. 510), based on a lost work by Nicomachus of Gerasa and on Ptolemy’s Harmonica.
  • Possibly a treatise on geometry, extant only in fragments.[8]
Mantiki
A) Tafsiri
B) Ufafanuzi
  • In Isagogen Porphyrii commenta (two commentaries, the first based on a translation by Marius Victorinus, (c. 504-5059); the second based on Boethius’ own translation (507-509).
  • In Categorias Aristotelis (c. 509-511)
  • In librum Aristotelis de interpretatione Commentaria minora (not before 513)
  • In librum Aristotelis de interpretatione Commentaria majora (c. 515–16)
  • In Aristotelis Analytica Priora (c. 520–23)
  • Commentaria in Topica Ciceronis (incomplete: the end the sixth book and the seventh are missing)
Vitabu vya pekee
  • De divisione (515–520?)
  • De syllogismo cathegorico (505–506)
  • Introductio ad syllogismos cathegoricos (c. 523)
  • De hypotheticis syllogismis (516-522)
  • De topicis differentiis (c. 522–23)
  • Opuscola Sacra (Theological Treatises)
    • De Trinitate (c. 520–21)
    • Utrum Pater et Filius et Spiritus Sanctus de divinitate substantialiter praedicentur (Whether Father and Son and Holy Spirit are Substantially Predicated of the Divinity)
    • Quomodo substantiae in eo quod sint bonae sint cum non sint substantialia bona [also known as De hebdomadibus] (How Substances are Good in that they Exist, when They are not Substantially Good)
    • De fide Catholica
    • Contra Eutychen et Nestorium (Against Eutyches and Nestorius)
  • De consolatione Philosophiae (524–525).

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. The name Anicius demonstrated his connection with a noble family of the Lower Empire, while Manlius claims lineage from the Manlii Torquati of the Republic. The name Severinus was given to him in honour of Severinus of Noricum.
  2. Hodgkin, Thomas. Italy and Her Invaders. London: Adamant Media Corporation, 2001.
  3. "Boethius" has four syllables in English, Kigezo:IPAc-en, the o and e are pronounced separately. It is hence traditionally written with a diæresis, viz. "Boëthius", a spelling which has been disappearing due to the limitations of typewriters.
  4. The Online Library of Liberty, Boethius. Internet. Available from http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.phpoption=com_content&task=view&id=215&Itemid=269; accessed November 3, 2009.
  5. He was declared a saint by the Sacred Congregation of Rites in 1883, and Pope Benedict XVI explained the relevance of Boethius to modern day Christians by linking his teachings to an understanding of Providence. General Audience of Pope Benedict XVI, 12 March 2008
  6. Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine's Abbey, The Book of Saints, 6th ed., 1989, p. 507
  7. Roman Martyrology
  8. (1970) Boethius’ Geometrie II. Ein mathematisches Lehrbuch des Mittelalters. Franz Steiner. 

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Dialectica, 1547
  • Attwater, Donald (1995). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051312-4. OCLC 34361179. 
  • Baird, Forrest E. (2008). From Plato to Derrida. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-158591-6. 
  • Chadwick, Henry (1981). Boethius, the Consolations of Music, Logic, Theology, and Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-826549-2. OCLC 8533668. 
  • Colish, Marcia L. (2002). Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07852-8. OCLC 185694056. 
  • Magee, John (1989). Boethius on Signification and Mind. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9-0040-9096-7. 
  • Marenbon, John (2004). Boethius. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513407-9. OCLC 186379876. 
  • Marenbon, John (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Boethius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-52-187266-9. 
  • Suto, Taki (2011). Boethius on Mind, Grammar and Logic. A Study of Boethius' Commentaries on Peri Hermeneias. Cambridge: Brill. ISBN 978-9004214187. 
  • Westfall, Joseph (2008). "Boethius: Kierkegaard and The Consolation", Kierkegaard and the Patristic and Medieval Traditions. Ashgate, 207–222. ISBN 9780754663911. 

Marejeo mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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