Nenda kwa yaliyomo

Lazaro wa Serbia

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Lazaro alivyochorwa (Monasteri ya Ravanica, miaka ya 1380).

Lazaro Hrebeljanović (kwa Kiserbokroatia Лазар Хребељановић; 1329 hivi – 15 Juni 1389) alikuwa mtawala mkuu wa Serbia baada ya Dola la Serbia kusambaratika, akimiliki mabeseni ya mito Morava: Morava kuu, Morava magharibi na Morava kusini tangu mwaka 1373 hadi kifo chake vitani.

Kwa msaada wa Kanisa la Kiorthodoksi la Serbia alijaribu kufufua dola hilo, lakini watawala wengine wa taifa hilo hawakumkubali.

Hatimaye Lazaro aliuawa katika Mapigano ya Kosovo alipoongoza jeshi la Wakristo dhidi ya lile la Dola la Osmani, lililoongozwa na Sultani Murad I.

Wakristo walishinda, lakini walikufa kwa wingi, kiasi kwamba mwaka uliofuata mjane wa Lazaro alikubali himaya ya Waosmani.

Lazaro anaheshimiwa na Waorthodoksi kama mtakatifu mfiadini.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 28 Juni.

Tazama pia

[hariri | hariri chanzo]
  • Blagojević, Miloš (2001). Državna uprava u srpskim srednjovekovnim zemljama. Službeni list SRJ. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Blagojević, Miloš. "Teritorije kneza Lazara na Kosovu i Metohiji" (PDF). Zbornik radova s međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Beogradu 16-18 marta 2006. godine. Ilihifadhiwa kwenye nyaraka kutoka chanzo (PDF) mnamo 2016-03-04. Iliwekwa mnamo 2018-02-25. {{cite journal}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help) (Kiserbia)
  • О кнезу Лазару, Научни скуп у Крушевцу 1971. Belgrade: Одељење за историју уметности Филозофског факултета у Београду, Народни музеј Крушевац. 1975. {{cite book}}: Unknown parameter |editors= ignored (|editor= suggested) (help)
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Crnković, Gordana P. (1999). "Women Writers in Croatian and Serbian Literatures". Katika Ramet, Sabrina P. (mhr.). Gender Politics in the Western Balkans: Women and Society in Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav Successor States. University Park, Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press. ISBN 0-271-01801-1. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Duijzings, Ger (2000). Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12099-0. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Emmert, Thomas A. (1991). "The Battle of Kosovo: Early Reports of Victory and Defeat". Katika Wayne S. Vucinich; Thomas A. Emmert (whr.). Kosovo: Legacy of a Medieval Battle. Minnesota Mediterranean and East European Monographs. Juz. 1. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. ISBN 978-9992287552. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr. (1994) [1987]. The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. (2006). When ethnicity did not matter in the Balkans: a study of identity in pre-nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the medieval and early-modern periods. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-11414-6. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Jireček, Konstantin Josef (1911). Geschichte der Serben (kwa German). Juz. 1. Gotha, Germany: Friedriech Andreas Perthes A.-G. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  • Macdonald, David Bruce (2002). Balkan Holocausts?: Serbian and Croatian Victim-Centered Propaganda and the War in Yugoslavia. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-6467-8. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Mandić, Svetislav (1986). Velika gospoda sve srpske zemlje i drugi prosopografski prilozi. Srpska književna zadruga. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Medaković, Dejan (2007). Света Гора фрушкогорска. Novi Sad: Prometej. ISBN 978-86-515-0164-0. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Mihaljčić, Rade (1975). Крај Српског царства. Belgrade: Srpska književna zadruga. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Mihaljčić, Rade (2001) [1984]. Лазар Хребељановић: историја, култ, предање. Belgrade: Srpska školska knjiga; Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Miklošič, Franc (1858). Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae, Bosnae, Ragusii. Vienna: apud Guilelmum Braumüller. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) Kigezo:La icon
  • Mundal, Else; Wellendorf, Jonas (2008). Oral Art Forms and Their Passage Into Writing. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 9788763505048. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Orbini, Mauro (1601). Il Regno de gli Slavi hoggi corrottamente detti Schiavoni. Pesaro: Apresso Girolamo Concordia. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Орбин, Мавро (1968). Краљевство Словена. Београд: Српска књижевна задруга. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Purković, Miodrag Al. (1996). Кћери кнеза Лазара: историјска студија. Belgrade: Pešić i sinovi. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Reinert, Stephen W (1994). "From Niš to Kosovo Polje: Reflections on Murād I's Final Years". Katika Zachariadou, Elizabeth (mhr.). The Ottoman Emirate (1300–1389). Heraklion: Crete University Press. ISBN 978-960-7309-58-7. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Sedlar, Jean W. (1994). East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500. Seattle: University of Washington Press. {{cite book}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  • Šuica, Marko (2000). Немирно доба српског средњег века: властела српских обласних господара. Belgrade: Službeni list SRJ. ISBN 86-355-0452-6. {{citation}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help) (Kiserbia)
  • Trifunović, Đorđe (1989). "Житије и владавина светог кнеза Лазара, приредио Ђорђе Трифуновић". Крушевац: Багдала. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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