Joyce J. Scott

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Joyce J. Scott
Jina la kuzaliwa Joyce J. Scott
Alizaliwa 15-11-1948
Nchi Baltimore
Kazi yake Mfumaji, msanii, muhadhiri

Joyce J. Scott (amezaliwa 15 Novemba 1948) ni msanii, mchongaji wa sanamu, mfumaji, msanii wa utendaji, mtengenezaji wa magazeti, mhadhiri na mwalimu mwenye asili ya Kiafrika-Mmarekani.

Alipewa majina kama McArthur Fellow mnamo 2016,[1][2] na Smithsonian Visionary Artist mnamo 2019,[3] Scott anajulikana zaidi kwa sanamu zake za mfano na vito vya mapambo, mbinu za kusuka na kufuma, sawa na peyote kushona.[4] Kila kipande hujengwa kwa kutumia maelfu ya shanga za mbegu za glasi au shanga za GPPony, na wakati mwingine vitu vingine vilivyopatikana au vifaa kama glasi, na ngozi.[5] Mnamo mwaka wa 2018, alipongezwa kwa kufanya kazi katika chombo kipya kwa mchanganyiko wa mchanga, udongo, majani, na saruji kwenye sanamu iliyokuwa inaelekea kusambaratika.[4] Scott anavutiwa na tamaduni anuwai, pamoja na mila ya Marekani, asili za Kiafrika, shanga za Mexiko, Ucheki, na Urusi,[6] vielelezo na vitabu vya kuchekesha, na utamaduni wa pop.[7]

Scott anasifika kwa ufafanuzi wake wa kijamii juu ya maswala kama vile ubaguzi wa rangi, ujamaa, ujinsia, vurugu, maoni potofu,[8] na mada za uponyaji wa kiroho. Kazi yake ni juu ya jinsi Scott anajiona katika ulimwengu unaobadilika haraka: "Kazi hizi zinahusu ukuaji wa kibinafsi, kiroho na jinsi ya kutokwama katika njia rahisi za maisha juu ya sanaa, mimi siogopi katika maisha ya kila siku."[9]

Wasifu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Joyce Jane Scott alizaliwa huko Baltimore mnamo 1948, akiwa binti wa mfumaji mashuhuri Elizabeth Talford Scott na Charlie Scott Jr.[10][11] Amejielezea kama "mtoto wa kweli wa Baltimore na msichana wa Sandtown"[12] na ameishi katika nyumba ya jirani katika kitongoji cha Sandtown kwa zaidi ya miongo minne.[13] Mama yake alimtia moyo na kumuhimiza juu ya ubunifu wake na Scott akaanza kuchora katika Shule ya Maonyesho ya Coppin, taasisi ya elimu ya umma, na baadaye akasoma Shule ya Kati ya Lemmel na Shule ya Upili ya Mashariki huko Baltimore.[13][14] Alihitimu na Shahada ya Sanaa kutoka Chuo cha Sanaa cha Maryland mnamo 1970 kisha akapata Shahada ya Uzamili ya Sanaa kutoka Instituto Allende huko Mexiko.[15] Baadaye, Scott aliendelea na masomo zaidi katika Taasisi ya Teknolojia ya Rochester huko New York na Shule ya Ufundi ya Haystack Mountain huko Maine.[7]

Mama yake mwenyewe alikuwa msanii ambaye alifundisha mbinu za kufuma na kumuhimiza Scott asomee masomo ya sanaa.[8] Moja ya juhudi zake za kwanza za kisanii ilikuwa kushona nguo za wanasesere.[6] Scott pia amevutiwa na mila ya ufundi katika familia yake pana ya "wafumaji, mafundi mbao, wafuma vikapu, maselemala, wapandaji na wahunzi," ambapo watu walikuza ujuzi katika ufundi zaidi ya mmoja ili waweze kuishi.[10] Upendo wake wa muziki na hisia za kina za kiroho ziliimarishwa katika malezi yake katika imani ya Pentekoste na mila yake tajiri katika muziki wa injili. [14]

Ushawishi wa Kiafrika wa Scott unadhihirishwa katika matumizi yake ya mapambo ya hali ya juu na ya kufafanua. Kwa kutumia mbinu zinazofanana na taji na mavazi ya Kiyoruba ya Afrika Magharibi, yeye hutengeneza shanga kuwa muundo wa sanamu.[14] Kulingana na msomi Leslie King-Hammond, sanaa na mila za Kiafrika zilifanya kazi kubadilisha vitu vya kila siku kuwa mapambo mazuri.[7]

Mazoezi ya Scott ni pamoja na utendaji pamoja na sanamu. Tabia yake ya kukosoa bila kupenda na ya kuchekesha mara nyingi huajiriwa katika maonyesho yake kukosoa maswala kama vile jinsia, na ubaguzi wa rangi.[7] Kama mapambo yake na ufumaji, utendaji wake pia hushughulikia hadithi za hadithi na kumbukumbu.[16]

Kazi za Scott zinashikiliwa na Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore, Taasisi ya Sanaa ya Detroit, Jumba la Sanaa la Mildred Lane Kemper huko St.Louis, Missouri, Jumba la Sanaa la Mint huko Charlotte, North Carolina, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Spencer katika Chuo Kikuu cha Kansas, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Smithsonian la Marekani, na Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa, Houston, Texas.[17]

Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa[hariri | hariri chanzo]

I-con-nobody/I-con-o-graphy[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Iliyofanyika kwenye Jumba la sanaa la Corcoran mnamo 1991, hii ilikuwa maonyesho ya kwanza ya Scott akishiriki kama binafsi. "mandhari hiyo ilimaanisha kusemwa kwa ukweli, aina za moja kwa moja na za mfano. Ikoniografia, alama zinazoelezea picha, na, kwa pamoja, jamii, zilitumiwa na Scott kufunua motisha zilizofichwa nyuma ya mwingiliano wa wanadamu." [18] Kwenye maonyesho kuliwa na Kazi 29 za uchongaji zenye shanga na kolagi kadhaa kubwa za ukuta wa nyuzi na kitambaa. pia Jumuishwa zenye chaguzi (sehemu iliyoongozwa na hadithi za mama yake na kufanya kazi kama yaya) kutoka kwa safu ya Scott Mammy / Nanny (1986-1991) ambayo alitumia shanga za glasi na ngozi kuunda ubaguzi wa rangi na thamani.[18][19]

Believe I've Been Sanctified[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Hii ilikuwa kazi ya kwanza ya sanaa ya Scott.[6] Mnamo 1991, alichaguliwa pamoja na wasanii wengine kumi na tisa kushiriki katika mradi mpya wa jiji lote ulioandaliwa na Tamasha la Spoleto USA huko Charleston. Maonyesho hayo yaliitwa "Maeneo yenye Zamani: Sanaa Mpya Maalum ya Tovuti huko Charleston" na kila msanii alialikwa kuchagua tovuti ya nje na kuunda kipande ambacho kilitoa maoni yao ya historia ya jamii ya jiji. Scott alichagua nguzo nne za Korintho ambazo zilikuwa mabaki ya mwisho ya Jumba la kumbukumbu la zamani la Charleston. Aliambiwa na watu katika jamii ya kihistoria ya Kiafrika ya Amerika kwamba "hawakuwa wakitutaka huko hata hivyo" na alipewa moyo. Kutumia vitu vilivyopatikana na kupiga shanga, Scott aligeuza nguzo kuwa mierezi ya kulia kuwakilisha machozi. Chini yao aliunda kitanda cha mazishi kutoka kwa magogo 500 na mtu aliyekufa, au Phoenix, kuwakilisha "mwisho wa utumwa au mwanzo wa enzi mpya, Ujenzi upya."[6]

Images Concealed[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Mnamo 1995 Scott aliitikia Chuo Kikuu cha Yale kwa Jumba la kumbukumbu ya Sanaa ya Afrika Uso wa Mungu: Sanaa na Madhabahu ya Afrika na Waamerekani wa Afrika[20] na ufungaji uliopewa jina la Concealed at the San Francisco Art Institute.[21] Mhifadhi Jean-Edith Weiffenbach alibainisha kuwa Scott, "alipingwa na maonyesho hayo ya maonyesho ya athari za mila za Kiafrika kwa sanaa za Magharibi, mifumo ya imani, na mila ya kijamii ilitengeneza jibu linalotumia mseto wa kisasa wa misamiati ya ufundi kutoka tamaduni kadhaa. katika lugha ya kifumbo ambayo inakabiliana na maoni potofu na pia masuala ya uwakilishi na mtazamo. "[21]

Kickin' it With the Old Masters[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kickin 'It with the Old Masters ilikuwa maonyesho ya sanaa yaliyofanyika katika Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore (BMA) mnamo Januari – Mei 2000 kwa kushirikiana na Chuo cha Sanaa cha Maryland (MICA).[22] "Katika mlango wa nafasi ya maonyesho alikuwa ameketi Rodin's Thinker, sanamu ya sanaa ya Magharibi; juu ya kichwa cha sanamu Scott alisimamisha sura yenye shanga iliyoning'inizwa shingoni na minyororo na kufunikwa na sehemu za rangi." [18] Ujumbe haukutaka kuchochea rangi mashtaka lakini kuanzisha mwingiliano na urembo na ujenzi wa kijamii.[18]

Harriet Tubman and Other Truths[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maonyesho yake makubwa zaidi hadi leo[23] yalifunguliwa Oktoba 20, 2017, na yalikuwa yanaonekana hadi Aprili 1, 2018 katika Viwanja vya Uchongaji.[24] Maonyesho ya heshima kwa Harriet Tubman, mkoloni ambaye aliwaongoza watu wengi kuwa watumwa wa uhuru, ilikuwa kabla ya kupangwa na mlezi wa wageni Lowery Stokes Sims kwa maonyesho hayo, ambayo yalionekana kama kichocheo[23] cha kubadilisha nafasi ya umma iliyoundwa na J. Seward Johnson, sanamu ya sanamu na uhisani.[24] Maonyesho haya yalikuwa yanasimamiwa na Lowery Stokes Sims na Patterson Sims.[25]

Uwekaji wa sanaa kwa umma[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Dimbwi la Ukumbusho[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Dimbwi la Ukumbusho katika Hifadhi ya Druid Hill

Scott alipokea tume mnamo 1996 kuunda mradi wa sanaa ya umma kuadhimisha dimbwi la 2 katika Bustimore's Druid Hill Park. Ilijengwa mnamo 1921, ilitumikia kwa mahitaji ya kuogelea ya burudani na ushindani wa zaidi ya Wamarekani 100,000 wa Kiafrika huko Baltimore. Wakati Bodi ya Hifadhi ya Jiji la Baltimore ilikataa kutenga mabwawa yake licha ya kutangazwa sana katika mto uliokuwa karibu mnamo 1953, NAACP iliwasilisha kesi na mwishowe ilishinda kwa rufaa. Mnamo Juni 1956 mabwawa ya Baltimore yalifunguliwa kama vifaa vya kutengwa kwa mara ya kwanza. Bwawa namba 2 lilifunga mwaka uliofuata, likibaki kutelekezwa hadi 1999 wakati ufungaji wa Scott ulibadilisha.[26]

Druid Hill Park Memorial Pool bodi ya kupiga mbizi

Katika kubuni mnara huu wa kazi, Scott alikusudia kuunda "hali ya sanaa ambapo watu wanaweza kwenda angani na tumaini kuwa, na kuwa na matumizi anuwai." Eneo la bwawa lenyewe lilijazwa na mchanga na kupandwa na nyasi. Kulikuwa na mipango ya kujumuisha programu katika eneo lenye nyasi, kwamba watu wangetaka kukaa, kutembea au kupumzika tu karibu na nafasi. Kwa kuongezea vifaa vya usanifu na muundo wa majini, usanikishaji wa asili ulijumuisha michoro ya rangi, ya rangi kwenye lami karibu na dimbwi ambalo limepotea kutoka kwenye uso wa saruji na kutoweka kwa sababu ya wakati na hali ya hewa.[27]

Maonyesho[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maonyesho ya Scott ni pamoja na:

  • 2020 Visibilities: Intrepid Women of Artpace,[28] Artpace, San Antonio, TX. Curator: Erin K. Murphy
  • 2018 Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and Other Truths, Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, N.J. Curators: Lowery Stokes Sims and Patterson Sims
  • 2016 Generations: Joyce J. Scott | Sonya Clark, Goya Contemporary Gallery, Baltimore, MD. Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2016 Joyce J. Scott, Fuller Craft Museum, Brockton, MA. Curator: Bruce Hoffman
  • 2015 Joyce J. Scott: Truths & Visions, Sarah Moody Gallery, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa AL(catalog). Curator: Patterson Sims
  • 2015 Joyce J. Scott: Truths and Visions, Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH(Catalogue). Curator: Patterson Sims
  • 2014 Can’t We All Just Get Along?, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore MD (Catalogue). Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2014 Maryland to Murano: Neckpieces and Sculptures by Joyce J. Scott, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, NY (catalogue). Curator: Lowery Stokes Sims
  • 2012 On Kilter, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD (Catalogue). Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2012 Joyce J. Scott: A Solo Exhibition of Prints, Film and Performance, The Creative Alliance, Baltimore, MD
  • 2010-2011 Li’l Lies and Purty Thangs, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD (Catalogue). Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2010 McColl Center for Visual Art, Charlotte, NC
  • 2010 The Wine Dark Sea, The Mitchell Gallery at St. John's College, Annapolis, MD (Catalogue)
  • 2010 Love Letters, Mobilia, Cambridge MA
  • 2008 Joyce J. Scott: PAINFUL DEATH/PAINLESS LIFE, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD (Catalogue) Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2008 Joyce J. Scott in Tampa, Scarfone/Hartley Gallery, Tampa University, Tampa, FL
  • 2007 Kickin’ It with Joyce J. Scott, Houston Center for Contemporary Art, Houston, TX. Curator: George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2007 Kickin’ It with Joyce J. Scott, Polk Art Museum, Lakeland, FL. Curator George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2007 Joyce J. Scott: Breathe, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD (Catalogue) Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2005 Joyce J. Scott, Dirtwork, C. Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore, MD.
  • 2005 This Hand Washes That Hand Too, Mesa Contemporary Arts at the Mesa Art Center, Mesa, AZ.
  • 2004 Kickin' It with Joyce J. Scott, California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA. Curator George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2004 Joyce J. Scott, Snyderman Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
  • 2004 Joyce J. Scott, Walter Gropius Artist, Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, WV
  • 2004 Still Alive in 2004, Ward Center for the Arts, St. Paul Schools, Brooklandville, MD
  • 2003 Joyce J. Scott, Untethered, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA
  • 2003 What a Long, Strange, Bumpy Trip it’s Been!, Sculpture & Monoprints by Joyce J. Scott, Center of Contemporary Arts (COCA), St. Louis, MO
  • 2001 Joyce J. Scott, In Search of Self-Unfathomable, Susan Cummins Gallery, Mill Valley, CA
  • 2001 Joyce J. Scott, WTC Series, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD
  • 2000 Joyce J. Scott, Kickin' it With The Old Masters, Baltimore Museum of Art Baltimore, MD (catalogue). Curator: George Ciscle and the students at the Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA)
  • 2000 Life After Fifty, Noel Gallery, Charlotte, NC
  • 2000 Treacherous Tickles: Recent Sculpture & Prints, Main Gallery, University of Texas, El Paso, TX
  • 2000 Joyce J. Scott, Sybaris Gallery, Royal Oak, MI
  • 1999 Incognegroism, Richard Anderson Gallery, New York, NY
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott, A Muse, American Craft Museum, New York, NY
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott, The Radiance of What Is, Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, VA
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott: New Lithographs and Monoprints, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD[29]
  • 1998 Things That Go Bump in the Night II, Gallery 181, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
  • 1996 Joyce Scott, Mixed Bag, Leedy Voulkos Gallery, Kansas City, MO
  • 1995 Images Concealed, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA (catalogue)
  • 1995 Joyce J. Scott, The Hand and the Spirit, Scottsdale, AZ
  • 1994 Hard Choices, Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis, MO (catalogue)
  • 1992 Joyce J. Scott, Brooklyn College of Art Gallery, Brooklyn, NY (traveling, catalogue)
  • 1992 Dimensional Objects and Jewelry, Politics of the Body, Esther Saks Fine Art, Ltd, Chicago, Illinois[10]
  • 1991 I-con-no-body / I-con-o-graphy, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (catalogue)
  • 1991 Believe I've Been Sanctified, "Places with a Past: New Site-Specific Art in Charleston," Spoleto Festival USA in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1988 Thru the Veil-, Textile Center for the Arts, Chicago, Illinois[10]
  • 1985 Dreamweaver, The Cultural Center, Chicago Public Library, Illinois[10]
  • 1981 Something Got a Hold on Me, Washington Project for the Arts, Washington, DC[10]
  • 1981 Something Got a Hold on Me, Washington Project for the Arts, Washington, DC[29]

Chaguzi za heshima na tuzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Chini ni tuzo chache zilizochaguliwa, heshima na ushirika ambao Scott amepokea hadi sasa katika kazi yake:[30]

  • Gold Medalist, American Craft Council (2020)
  • Smithsonian Visionary Artist (2019) [3]
  • MacArthur Fellow, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL (2016)
  • Masters of the Medium, James Renwick Alliance, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (2006)
  • Governor's Arts Award at Artsalute: Maryland Citizens for the Arts Foundation, Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD (2002)
  • Fellow, American Craft Council, New York, NY (2001)
  • National Living Treasure Award, Maryland Nominee (1996)
  • Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation Award (1994)
  • Pace Roberts Fellowship (1994)
  • National Printing Fellowship (1992)
  • Mid Atlantic Consortium Award (1990)
  • Maryland State Arts Council Fellowship (1987, 1981)
  • Fellowship, National Endowment of the Arts (1980)

Makusanyo ya Makumbusho[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Voices, 1993. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Lovers, 2002. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Water Mammy 1, 2012. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Three Graces Oblivious While Los Angeles Burns, 1992. The Corning Museum of Glass [31]
  • Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
  • Rodney King's Head Was Squashed Like a Watermelon, 1991. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1]
  • Flaming Skeleton #3, 1993. Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan [2] Archived 4 Machi 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  • The Sneak, 1989. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
  • Sixteen Days in His Life, 1997-99. Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri [3]
  • Joyce J. Scott. Mint Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina [4] Archived 2 Aprili 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Necklace, 1994. Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C. [5],
  • Africa, ca. 1980. Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C. [6]
  • Caffeine, 1994-99. Spencer Museum of Art, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas [7]
  • Beaded Necklace. Racine Art Museum, Racine, Wisconsin [8] Archived 29 Juni 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  • American Craft Museum, New York, NY
  • Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY
  • Charles A. Waustum Museum, Madison, WI
  • Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, OK
  • Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
  • Rhode Island School of Design Museum, Providence, RI
  • Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington, DC
  • Sheppard & Enoch Pratt Foundation, Towson, MD
  • Speed Museum, Louisville, KY
  • Weatherspoon Art Gallery, Greensboro, NC
  • None Are Free until All Are Free, 2006. Yale University, New Haven, CT[32]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. MacArthur Foundation announces 2016 class of 'Genius' fellows (en). Newsweek (2016-09-22). Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  2. Sims, Lowery Stokes (2018). Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and other truths. ISBN 978-0-9665644-8-8. OCLC 1026351878. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Joyce J. Scott Is Named 2019 Smithsonian Visionary Artist (en). Smithsonian Institution. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mike Morgan (2018-02-19). Towering Figure (en-US). Baltimore Magazine. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  5. Joyce J. Scott (en-US). Ruby City. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Sultan, Terrie (September 14 – November 17, 1991). "Joyce Scott: I-con-no-body/I-con-o-graphy". Gallery One.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Nakala iliyohifadhiwa. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2016-04-29. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Joyce Scott – U.S. Department of State (en-US). Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  9. ims, Lowery Stokes (February 23 – April 20, 2007). "Breathe Joyce J. Scott". Goya Contemporary.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Archives | The Philadelphia Inquirer (en-US). https://www.inquirer.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  11. Scott, Joyce (2017). Dark humor: Joyce J. Scott & Peter Williams. (in English). ISBN 978-1-365-80483-0. OCLC 987343815. 
  12. Tim Smith. Baltimore artist Joyce Scott named MacArthur Fellow. baltimoresun.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  13. 13.0 13.1 A woman artist speaks / Joyce Scott ; interviewed by Naomi Eftis and Elaine Heffernan. (in English), Host; Elaine Heffernan Naomi Eftis, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Ciscle, George (2000). Joyce J. Scott Kickin' It with the Old Masters. Baltimore Museum of Art and Maryland Institute, College of Art. ISBN 0-912298-72-3.
  15. Stankard, Paul J. (Autumn 2014). "Burning Embers". Glass Quarterly.
  16. Smyers, Robyn Minter (2000). "Re-making the past: the black oral tradition in contemporary art". International Review of African American Art. 17: 47–53.
  17. Joyce J. Scott Online. www.artcyclopedia.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 ouglas, Andrea (February 24 – April 22, 2001). "Exploring Identity- Works by Contemporary African American Women". Maier Museum of Art/90th Annual Exhibition.
  19. Gips, Terry (1996). "Joyce J. Scott's Mammy/Nanny Series". Feminist Studies 22 (2): 311–320. doi:10.2307/3178415 . ISSN 0046-3663 . https://www.jstor.org/stable/3178415.
  20. Thompson, Robert Farris (1995). "Face of the Gods: The Artists and Their Altars". African Arts 28 (1): 50–61. doi:10.2307/3337250 . ISSN 0001-9933 . https://www.jstor.org/stable/3337250.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Scott, Joyce (1995). Joyce J. Scott, images concealed : [exhibition Walter/McBean Gallery, San Francisco Art Institute, February 16-March 19, 1995.], San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, Calif.: The Gallery. ISBN 0-930495-25-X. OCLC 32655285. 
  22. Glenn McNatt. Laughter, tears and social commentary; Joyce J. Scott's BMA show challenges old definitions of what is art and who are artists. (en-US). baltimoresun.com. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 2019-04-19. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Princenthal, Nancy (2018-01-04), "Inspired by Harriet Tubman, an Artist Takes Glass to Extremes", The New York Times (in en-US), ISSN 0362-4331, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  24. 24.0 24.1 Home Page (en-US). Grounds For Sculpture. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  25. Scott, Joyce (2018). Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and other truths, Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey: Grounds for Sculpture. ISBN 978-0-9665644-8-8. OCLC on1026351878. 
  26. The Explore Baltimore Heritage team. Druid Hill Park Pool No. 2 - Memorial Pool Recalling Swimming during Segregation (en). Explore Baltimore Heritage. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  27. Struggle and Joy in the Druid Hill Park Memorial Pool (en-US). BmoreArt (2018-09-03). Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  28. Visibilities: Intrepid Women Of Artpace » Artpace.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Scott, Joyce (2000). Kickin' It with the Old Masters - Catalog. Baltimore, MD: Baltimore Museum of Art, 95–96. ISBN 978-0912298726. 
  30. Oldknow, Tina (2014). Collecting contemporary glass : art and design after 1990 from the Corning Museum of Glass. ISBN 978-0-87290-201-5. OCLC 905092870. 
  31. Collection Search | Corning Museum of Glass.
  32. Gordon, John Stuart (2017). American Glass: The Collections at Yale (in en). Yale University Press, 294. ISBN 978-0-300-22669-0. 

Soma zaidi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • (2000) Joyce J. Scott: Kickin' It with the Old Masters. Baltimore, MD: Baltimore Museum of Art : Maryland Institute, College of Art, 108 p. ISBN 0912298723. 
  • Stankard, Paul J. "Burning Embers." Glass Quarterly, no. 136 (Autumn 2014): 26-34.
  • Scott, Joyce J. (2015). Joyce J. Scott: Truths and Visions, Sims, Patterson, Cleveland, Ohio: Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland. ISBN 9780989955041. OCLC 910969847. 
  • Scott, Joyce J. (1994). Fearless Beadwork: Improvisational Peyote Stitch: Handwriting & Drawings from Hell. Rochester, N.Y.: Visual Studies Workshop. ISBN ((0-89822-100-2)). OCLC 34341082. 
  • Sims, Lowery S, Joyce Scott, Patterson Sims, and Seph Rodney. Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and Other Truths. , 2018.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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