Erik IX

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Mt. Erick IX.

Erik IX (kwa Kiswidi: Erik Jedvardsson; Erik den helige; Sankt Erik; 1120-1125 hivi - Uppsala, Uswidi, 18 Mei 1160) alikuwa mfalme wa Uswidi kuanzia mwaka 1156 hivi hadi kifo chake[1]. Ndiye wa kwanza katika ukoo wake wa kifalme uliotawala hadi mwaka 1250.

Aliongoza kwa busara na kutetea haki za wanawake.

Alijitahidi pia kuinjilisha Ufini, ambao wakazi wake walikuwa bado Wapagani, kwa kumtuma huko askofu Erik wa Ufini [2][3].

Hatimaye aliuawa akiwa anashiriki Misa[4].

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa na Wakatoliki na Walutheri[5] kama mtakatifu mfiadini.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe ya kifo chake[6].

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. The only full account of Eric's life is a hagiographic legend dating from the late 13th century. The historicity of the legend has been much-discussed by Swedish historians. It tells that Eric was of royal blood and was unanimously chosen king of Sweden when there was a vacancy of the kingship. It also states that Eric reigned for ten years, which would put the beginning of his reign in c. 1150. If this is correct he would have been a rival king to Sverker I, who had ascended the throne in c. 1132 and was murdered in 1156. At any rate it is assumed that Eric was recognized in most provinces after 1156.
  2. Carl Grimberg, 1926, p. 329.
  3. Philip Line, Kingship and State Formation in Sweden 1130-1290. Leiden: Brill, 2007, pp. 90, 425.
  4. Sture Bolin and Bengt Hildebrand, "Erik den helige", Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=15396
  5. Notable Lutheran Saints.
  6. Martyrologium Romanum

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Carl M. Kjellberg, "Erik den heliges ättlingar och tronpretendenter bland dem", Historisk tidskrift 43, 1923.
  • Christian Lovén, "Erikskulten i Uppsala - dubbelhelgonet och den långa stationsvägen", Årsboken Uppland 2004.
  • Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, band 14.
  • Bengt Thordeman (ed.), Erik den helige - historia, kult, reliker. Stockholm, 1954.
  • Lauritz Weibull, "Erik den Helige", in Stockholms blodbad och andra kritiska undersökningar. Stockholm, 1965.
  • Henrik Ågren, Erik den helige - Landsfader eller beläte? En rikspatrons öde i svensk historieskrivning från reformationen till och med upplysningen, 2013.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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