Uongofu

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Shemasi Sesari akimhimiza mtawala Leonsi kumuamini Yesu huko Terracina, Italia.

Uongofu (pia: Wongofu, kutoka kitenzi kuongoa) ni tendo la hiari la mtu la kubadilika upande wa dini au wa madhehebu, lakini pia upande wa maadili ili kuishi vizuri zaidi[1][2]. Uamuzi huo unaleta matokeo mengi, pengine makubwa katika maisha ya mhusika na jamii yake. Si wote wanafurahia uamuzi huo, hivyo pengine mtu atapatwa na dhuluma za namna mbalimbali.

Tamko la kimataifa la haki za binadamu (n. 18) linasema: «Kila mmoja ana haki ya kuwa huru katika kuwaza, kufuata dhamiri yake na dini; haki hiyo inajumlisha haki ya kubadili dini au imani, na uhuru katika kujulisha, peke yake au pamoja na wengine, hadharani na katika mahusiano binafsi, dini yake au imani yake katika kufundisha, kutenda, kuabudu na kushika taratibu za ibada[3][4]

Pengine tendo la kubadilika linatazamwa upande hasi na kuitwa uasi na watu wa dini au madhehebu ambayo mhusika ameachana nayo.

Vilevile juhudi za kuongoa watu kama umisionari zinaweza kutazamwa upande hasi na kupingwa hata na sheria au serikali.

Ndiyo sababu mara nyingine ni vigumu kutekeleza vizuri hiyo haki ya binadamu.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Stark, Rodney and Roger Finke. "Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion." University of California Press, 2000. p.114. ISBN 978-0-520-22202-1
  2. Meintel, Deirdre. "When There Is No Conversion: Spiritualists and Personal Religious Change". Anthropologica 49 (1): 149–162.
  3. Based on the declaration the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) drafted the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a legally binding treaty. It states that "Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice" (Article 18.1). "No one shall be subject to coercion which would impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice" (Article 18.2).
  4. The UNCHR issued a General Comment on this Article in 1993: "The Committee observes that the freedom to 'have or to adopt' a religion or belief necessarily entails the freedom to choose a religion or belief, including the right to replace one's current religion or belief with another or to adopt atheistic views [...] Article 18.2 bars coercion that would impair the right to have or adopt a religion or belief, including the use of threat of physical force or penal sanctions to compel believers or non-believers to adhere to their religious beliefs and congregations, to recant their religion or belief or to convert." (CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.4, General Comment No. 22.; emphasis added)

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Barker, Eileen The Making of a Moonie: Choice or Brainwashing? (1984)
  • Barrett, D. V. The New Believers: A survey of sects, cults and alternative religions (2001) UK, Cassell & Co ISBN 0-304-35592-5
  • Buckser, A. S. and S. D. Glazier. eds. The Anthropology of Religious Conversion Roman and Littlefield,2003
  • Cooper, Richard S. "The Assessment and Collection of Kharaj Tax in Medieval Egypt" Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 96, No. 3. (Jul–Sep., 1976), pp. 365–382.
  • Curtin, Phillip D. Cross-Cultural Trade in World History. Cambridge University Press, 1984.
  • Hoiberg, Dale, and Indu Ramachandran. Students' Britannica India. Popular Prakashan, 2000.
  • Idris, Gaefar, Sheikh. The Process of Islamization. Plainfield, Ind.: Muslim Students' Association of the U.S. and Canada, 1977. vi, 20 p. Without ISBN
  • James, William, The varieties of religious experience: a study in human nature. Being the Gifford lectures on natural religion delivered at Edinburgh in 1901–1902; Longmans, Green & Co, New York (1902)
  • Morris, Harold C., and Lin M. Morris. "Power and purpose: Correlates to conversion." Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, Vol 15(4), Nov–Dec 1978, 15–22.
  • Rambo, Lewis R. Understanding Religious Conversion. Yale University Press, 1993.
  • Rambo, Lewis R., & Farhadian, Charles. Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion. Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Ramstedt, Martin. Hinduism in Modern Indonesia: A Minority Religion Between Local, National, and Global Interests. Routledge, 2004.
  • Rawat, Ajay S. StudentMan and Forests: The Khatta and Gujjar Settlements of Sub-Himalayan Tarai. Indus Publishing, 1993.
  • Vasu, Srisa Chandra (1919), The Catechism Of Hindu Dharma, New York: Kessinger Publishing, LLC 
  • Jain, Vijay K. (2011), Tattvârthsûtra (1st ed.), (Uttarakhand) India: Vikalp Printers, ISBN 978-81-903639-2-1, Non-Copyright 
  • Sangave, Vilas Adinath (2001), Aspects of Jaina religion (3rd ed.), Bharatiya Jnanpith, ISBN 81-263-0626-2 

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Scale of justice 2.svg Makala hii kuhusu mambo ya sheria bado ni mbegu.
Je, unajua kitu kuhusu Uongofu kama historia yake au uhusiano wake na mada nyingine?
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