Epikur

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Sanamu ya Kirumi ya Epicurus.

Epikur (kwa Kilatini na lugha mbalimbali Epicurus, kutoka Kigiriki Ἐπίκουρος, Epíkouros, yaani "Mwenzi"; 341270 KK) alikuwa mwanafalsafa wa Ugiriki wa Kale, maarufu kama mwanzilishi wa shule ya falsafa yenye jina lake (kwa Kiingereza: Epicureanism).

Maandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kati ya maandishi yake 300 hivi, zimebaki tu sehemu na barua chache; zaidi tunajua kutoka kwa wafuasi wake na wengineo waliofafanua mafundisho yake.

Mafundisho[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kwake, lengo la falsafa ni kufikia maisha yenye heri, utulivu, amani, kutoogopa, kutoteseka, kujitegemea na kuzungukwa na marafiki. Kwake raha na maumivu ndio vigezo vya uadilifu au uovu wa mambo yoyote. Pia kifo ni mwisho wa mwili na roho, hivyo hakitakiwi kuogopwa. Tena hakuna miungu ambao waadhibu wala kutuza binadamu. Ulimwengu hauna mipaka na ni wa milele.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maandishi yake
  • Epicurus (1994). The Epicurus Reader. Selected Writings and Testimonia. Indianapolis: Hackett. ISBN 0-87220-242-9. 
  • Epicurus (1993). The essential Epicurus : letters, principal doctrines, Vatican sayings, and fragments, Eugene O'Connor, trans, Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-810-4. 
  • Epicurus (1964). Letters, principal doctrines, and Vatican sayings, Russel M. Geer, trans, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. 
  • Laertius, Diogenes (1969). Lives of the Philosophers. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co. 
  • Lucretius Carus, Titus (1976). On the nature of the universe, R. E. Latham, trans, London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-044018-6. 
  • Körte, Alfred (1987). Epicureanism : two collections of fragments and studies (in Greek). New York: Garland. ISBN 0-8240-6915-3. 
  • Oates, Whitney J. (1940). The Stoic and Epicurean philosophers, The Complete Extant Writings of Epicurus, Epictetus, Lucretius and Marcus Aurelius. New York: Modern Library.
  • Diogenes of Oinoanda (1993). The Epicurean inscription, Martin Ferguson Smith, trans, Napoli: Bibliopolis. ISBN 88-7088-270-5. 
Ufafanuzi
  • Bailey C. (1928). The Greek Atomists and Epicurus, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Bakalis, Nikolaos (2005). Handbook of Greek Philosophy from Thales to the Stoics. Analysis and fragments. Victoria: Trafford. ISBN 1-4120-4843-5. 
  • Gordon, Pamela (1996). Epicurus in Lycia. The Second-Century World of Diogenes of Oenoanda. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-10461-6. 
  • Gottlieb, Anthony (2000). The Dream of Reason. A History of Western Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-04951-5. 
  • Hibler, Richard W. (1984). Happiness Through Tranquillity. The school of Epicurus. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. ISBN 0-8191-3861-4. 
  • Hicks, R. D. (1910). Stoic and Epicurean. New York: Scribner. 
  • Jones, Howard (1989). The Epicurean Tradition. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-02069-7. 
  • O'Keefe, Tim (2009). Epicureanism. University of California Press. 
  • Panichas, George Andrew (1967). Epicurus. New York: Twayne Publishers. 
  • Rist, J.M. (1972). Epicurus. An introduction. London: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-08426-1. 
  • Warren, James (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-05218-7347-5. 
  • William Wallace. Epicureanism. SPCK (1880)

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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