Tafakuri

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Sanamu ya Buddha akiwa anatafakari.
Watu wakitafakari huko Madison Square Park, New York City, Marekani.
Akiamini sana tafakuri katika Ukristo, Mtakatifu Pio wa Pietrelcina alisema: "Kwa kusoma vitabu, mtu anamtafuta Mungu; kwa kutafakari mtu anampata".[1]

Tafakuri (kutoka neno la Kiarabu linalokazia kufikiri) ni zoezi la binadamu katika kutumia vema akili yake.

Lengo linaweza kuwa utulivu wa nafsi, ambao unasaidia pia afya ya mwili, au uchimbaji wa jambo fulani, au utafutaji wa jibu la swali lililojitokeza, au uamuzi kuhusu maisha au mengineyo ya namna hiyo.

Tafakuri za makusudi lilitumika toka zamani katika dini mbalimbali hata kwa kufumba macho, kukariri maneno fulani, kutumia tasbihi za aina mbalimbali, n.k.

Kwa namna ya pekee, tafakuri inazingatiwa katika monasteri.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. The Rosary: A Path Into Prayer by Liz Kelly 2004 ISBN 0-8294-2024-X pages 79 and 86

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Austin, James H. (1999) Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999, ISBN 0-262-51109-6
  • Azeemi, Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi (2005) Muraqaba: The Art and Science of Sufi Meditation. Houston: Plato, 2005, ISBN 0-9758875-4-8
  • Bennett-Goleman, T. (2001) Emotional Alchemy: How the Mind Can Heal the Heart, Harmony Books, ISBN 0-609-60752-9
  • Benson, Herbert and Miriam Z. Klipper. (2000 [1972]). The Relaxation Response. Expanded Updated edition. Harper. ISBN 0-380-81595-8
  • Bond, Kenneth; Maria B. Ospina, Nicola Hooton, Liza Bialy, Donna M. Dryden, Nina Buscemi, David Shannahoff-Khalsa, Jeffrey Dusek & Linda E. Carlson (2009). "Defining a complex intervention: The development of demarcation criteria for "meditation"". Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (American Psychological Association) 1 (2): 129–137. doi:10.1037/a0015736
     . (NB: Bond, Ospina et al., 2009, has substantial overlap with the full report by Ospina, Bond et al., 2007, listed below. Overlap includes the first 6 authors of this paper, and the equivalence of Table 3 on p. 134 in this paper with Table B1 on p. 281 in the full report)
  • Craven JL (October 1989). "Meditation and psychotherapy". Can J Psychiatry 34 (7): 648–53. PMID 2680046
      .
  • Goleman, Daniel (1988). The meditative mind: The varieties of meditative experience. New York: Tarcher. ISBN 0-87477-833-6. 
  • Hanson, Rick; Mendius, Richard (2009), Buddha's Brain: The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love, and Wisdom, New Harbinger Publications, ISBN 9781572246959 
  • Hayes SC, Strosahl KD, Wilson KG. (1999) Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Kutz I, Borysenko JZ, Benson H (January 1985). "Meditation and psychotherapy: a rationale for the integration of dynamic psychotherapy, the relaxation response, and mindfulness meditation". Am J Psychiatry 142 (1): 1–8. doi:10.1176/ajp.142.1.1
     . PMID 3881049
      .
     . PMC 526201
     . PMID 15534199
      . http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/101/46/16369.
  • Metzner R. (2005) Psychedelic, Psychoactive and Addictive Drugs and States of Consciousness. In Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience, Chap. 2. Mitch Earlywine, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • MirAhmadi, As Sayed Nurjan Healing Power of Sufi Meditation The Healing Power of Sufi Meditation Paperback: 180 pages Publisher: Islamic Supreme Council of America (June 30, 2005) Language: English
  • Nirmalananda Giri, Swami (2007) Om Yoga: Its Theory and Practice In-depth study of the classical meditation method of the Bhagavad Gita, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, and the Upanishads.
  • Ospina Maria B., Kenneth Bond, Mohammad Karkhaneh, Lisa Tjosvold, Ben Vandermeer, Yuanyuan Liang, Liza Bialy, Nicola Hooton, Nina Buscemi, Donna M. Dryden & Terry P. Klassen (June 2007). "Meditation practices for health: state of the research" (pdf). Evidence Report / Technology Assessment (Full Report), prepared by the University of Alberta Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0023) (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) (155): 1–263. PMID 17764203
      . http://www.ahrq.gov/downloads/pub/evidence/pdf/meditation/medit.pdf.
  • Perez-De-Albeniz, Alberto & Holmes, Jeremy (2000) Meditation: Concepts, Effects And Uses In Therapy. International Journal of Psychotherapy, March 2000, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p49, 10p
  • Saraydarian, Torkom (1976), The Science of Meditation, TSG Publishing Foundation, ISBN 9780911794298 
  • Shalif, Ilan et al. (1989) Focusing on the Emotions of Daily Life (Tel-Aviv: Etext Archives, 2008)
  • Shapiro DH (1992). "Adverse effects of meditation: a preliminary investigation of long-term meditators". Int J Psychosom 39 (1–4): 62–7. PMID 1428622
      .

Marejeo mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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