Chande

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(Elekezwa kutoka Opiliones)
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Chande
Spishi ya chande akionyesha miguu mirefu minane yake.
Spishi ya chande akionyesha miguu mirefu minane yake.
Uainishaji wa kisayansi
Himaya: Animalia
Faila: Arthropoda
Nusufaila: Chelicerata
Ngeli: Arachnida
Oda: Opiliones
Ngazi za chini

Nusuoda 5:

Chande ni arithropodi wa oda Opiliones katika ngeli Arachnida wafananao na buibui. Kama hao chande wana miguu minane, lakini miguu yao ni mirefu sana katika spishi nyingi. Jozi ya pili ni mirefu kuliko mingine na hutumika kama vipapasio. Sehemu zote za mwili wao zimeungana, kwa hivyo hakuna finyo kati ya kefalotoraksi na fumbatio kama kwa buibui, lakini kama hao wana kelisera (chelicera) na pedipalpi. Hawawezi kukalidi nyuzi za hariri, kwa hivyo hawatengenezi utando. Wana macho mawili tu (buibui wana 6 au 8).

Spishi nyingi hula vitu vingi (omnivores): wadudu wadogo, dutu ya mimea, kuvu, mizoga midogo na mavi. Chande wawindaji wengi huvizia mawingo, lakini wengine huwinda wakikimbia.

Spishi za Afrika ya Mashariki[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Cyphophthalmi
    • Incertae sedis
      • Marwe coarctata Shear, 1985
  • Eupnoi
    • Phalangiidae
      • Dacnopilio scopulatus Lawrence, 1963
      • Guruia africana (Karsch, 1878)
      • Guruia longipes Roewer, 1911
      • Guruia quadrispina Roewer, 191q
      • Guruia ultima Caporiacco, 1949
      • Odontobunus africanus Roewer, 1910
      • Odontobunus armatus (Sørensen, 1910)
      • Odontobunus elegans (Roewer, 1956)
      • Odontobunus kenianus Roewer, 1957
      • Odontobunus longipes (Lawrence, 1962)
      • Odontobunus niger (Roewer, 1956)
      • Odontobunus punctatus (Roewer, 1956)
      • Odontobunus pupillaris (Larence, 19620
      • Rhampsinitus angulatus Lawrence, 1962
      • Rhampsinitus bettoni (Pocock,1903)
      • Rhampsinitus brevipalpis Lawrence, 1962
      • Rhampsinitus keniatus (Roewer, 1956)
  • Laniatores
    • Assamiidae
      • Aberdereca parva Goodnight & Goodnight, 1959
      • Acanthophrysella pectinata (Loman, 1902)
      • Bulobana infuscata Roewer, 1940
      • Callereca gracilis Roewer, 1940
      • Celimba parvula Roewer, 1940
      • Dicoryphus furvus Loman, 1902
      • Dicoryphus melanacanthus Loman, 1902
      • Ereca affinis Sørensen, 1910
      • Ereca lata Sørensen, 1910
      • Ereca maculata Roewer, 1913
      • Ereca modesta Sørensen, 1910
      • Ereca rufa Sørensen, 1910
      • Ereca simulator Sørensen, 1910
      • Ereca undulata Sørensen, 1910
      • Erecella brunnea Roewer, 1940
      • Erecula marmorata Roewer, 1940
      • Eusidama minima Roewer, 1913
      • Hypoxestus coxicornis Roewer, 1940
      • Hypoxestus patellaris (Sørensen, 1910)
      • Mecutina moshinia Roewer, 1940
      • Metasesostris armatus Roewer, 1915
      • Metasidama ephippiata Roewer, 1915
      • Metereca abnormis (Roewer, 1912)
      • Metereca aspersa Roewer, 1935
      • Metereca montana (Roewer, 1912)
      • Metereca papillata Roewer, 1935
      • Neosidama longipes Roewer, 1915
      • Parasesostris granulatus Roewer, 1915
      • Parazalmoxis africana Roewer, 1913
      • Rhabdopygus maculatus Roewer, 1935
      • Sesostrellus umbonatus (Roewer, 1935)
      • Sesostris brevipes H. Kauri, 1985
      • Sesostris gracilis Sørensen, 1910
      • Sesostris insulanus Roewer, 1912
      • Sesostris maculatus Roewer, 1915
      • Sidama moesta Pavesi, 1895
      • Termitereca singularis Roewer, 1940
      • Tubereca biharanguana H. Kauri, 1985
      • Tundabia semicaeca Roewer, 1935
      • Tundabia ugandensis Goodnight & Goodnight, 1959
      • Tusipulla coxalis Roewer, 1935
      • Typhlobunus troglodytes Roewer, 1915
    • Biantidae
      • Eubiantes africanus Roewer, 1915
      • Metabiantes convexus Roewer, 1949
      • Metabiantes jeanneli (Roewer, 1913)
      • Metabiantes punctatus (Sørensen, 1910)
      • Metabiantes trifasciatus Roewer, 1915
      • Metabiantes unicolor (Roewer, 1912)
    • Podoctidae
      • Erecanana defensa Goodnight & Goodnight, 1959
      • Erecanana lentiginosa Lawrence, 1962
      • Erecanana mordax (Sørensen, 1910)
      • Erecanana quadridens Lawrence, 1962
      • Erecanana subinermis Caporiacco, 1947
      • Erecanana typus (Sørensen, 1910)

Picha[hariri | hariri chanzo]