La Cristiada

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Ramani ya Meksiko ikionyesha wapi vita vya Cristeros vilitokea zaidi.
Nakala ya bendera ya Cristeros ikienzi "Kristo Mfalme" na "Bikira Maria wa Guadalupe".

La Cristiada ni jina la Kihispania la vita vya Cristeros (1926-1929) vilivyotokea nchini Meksiko kati ya wakulima Wakatoliki na serikali ya nchi iliyotaka kutekeleza sheria dhidi ya uhuru wa dini.

Chinichini maaskofu waliunga mkono juhudi za waumini wao hata walipotumia silaha kutetea haki yao ya kuabudu kwa pamoja. Marekani ilifanya kazi ya upatanisho na mwishoni maaskofu walikubaliwa na serikali idhini kadhaa, hivyo vita vikaisha.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Bailey, David C. Viva Cristo Rey! The Cristero Rebellion and the Church-State Conflict in Mexico (1974); 376pp; a standard scholarly history
  • Butler, Matthew. Popular Piety and political identity in Mexico's Cristero Rebellion: Michoacán, 1927-29. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Ellis, L. Ethan. " Dwight Morrow and the Church-State Controversy in Mexico", Hispanic American Historical Review (1958) 38#4 pp. 482–505 in JSTOR
  • Espinosa, David. "'Restoring Christian Social Order': The Mexican Catholic Youth Association (1913–1932)", The Americas (2003) 59#4 pp. 451–474 in JSTOR
  • Jrade, Ramon. "Inquiries into the Cristero Insurrection against the Mexican Revolution", Latin American Research Review (1985) 20#2 pp. 53–69 in JSTOR
  • Meyer, Jean. The Cristero Rebellion: The Mexican People between Church and State, 1926–1929. Cambridge, 1976.
  • Miller, Sr. Barbara. "The Role of Women in the Mexican Cristero Rebellion: Las Señoras y Las Religiosas", The Americas (1984) 40#3 pp. 303–323 in JSTOR
  • Lawrence, Mark. 2020. Insurgency, Counter-insurgency and Policing in Centre-West Mexico, 1926-1929. Bloomsbury.
  • Purnell, Jenny. Popular Movements and State Formation in Revolutionary Mexico: The Agraristas and Cristeros of Michoacán. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.
  • Quirk, Robert E. The Mexican Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1910–1929, Greenwood Press, 1986.
  • Tuck, Jim. The Holy War in Los Altos: A Regional Analysis of Mexico's Cristero Rebellion. University of Arizona Press, 1982. ISBN 978-0-8165-0779-5
  • Young, Julia. Mexican Exodus: Emigrants, Exiles, and Refugees of the Cristero War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Historiografia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Mabry, Donald J. "Mexican Anticlerics, Bishops, Cristeros, and the Devout during the 1920s: A Scholarly Debate", Journal of Church and State (1978) 20#1 pp 81–92 online

Filamu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kwa Kihispania[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • De La Torre, José Luis. De Sonora al Cielo: Biografía del Excelentísimo Sr. Vicario General de la Arquidiócesis de Hermosillo, Sonora Pbro. Don Ignacio De La Torre Uribarren (Spanish Edition)[1]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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