Filipo II wa Hispania

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Filipo II mwaka 1554 alivyochorwa na Titian.

Filipo II wa Hispania (kwa Kihispania Felipe II (el Prudente) (yaani Mwenye busara); 21 Mei 152713 Septemba 1598), alikuwa mfalme wa Hispania (1556–1598), Ureno (1581–1598), Napoli na Sicily (kuanzia 1554), na mume wa malkia Maria I wa Uingereza (1554–1558).[1] Alikuwa pia mtawala wa Milano[2] na kuanzia mwaka 1555 wa wilaya kumi na saba za Netherlands.

Dola lake lilienea katika mabara yote yaliyojulikana na Wazungu, na mpaka leo nchi ya Ufilipino inaitwa kwa jina lake (Visiwa vya Filipo). Chini yake, Hispania ilifikia kilele cha ustawi wake.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Geoffrey Parker. The Grand Strategy of Philip II, (2000)
  2. Garret Mattingly. The Armada p. 22, p. 66 ISBN 0-395-08366-4

Vyanzo na marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Henry Kamen, Philip of Spain (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1999) – the standard modern biographical source.
  • Glyn Redworth, "Philip (1527–1598)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edition, May 2011 Retrieved 25 Aug 2011
  • Pettegree, Andrew (2002). Europe in the Sixteenth Century. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-20704-X. .
  • Benton Rain Patterson, With the Heart of a King: Elizabeth I of England, Philip II of Spain & the Fight for a Nation's Soul & Crown (2007)
  • Rodriguez-Salgado, M.J. "The Court of Philip II of Spain". In Princes Patronage and the Nobility: The Court at the Beginning of the Modern Age, cc. 1450–1650. Edited by Ronald G. Asch and Adolf M. Birke. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN 0-19-920502-7.
  • Geoffrey Parker, Imprudent King: A New Life of Philip II (2014).
  • Geoffrey Parker, The Grand Strategy of Philip II (New Haven, 1998).
  • Markus Reinbold, Jenseits der Konfession. Die frühe Frankreichpolitik Philipps II. von Spanien 1559–1571 (Stuttgart, Thorbecke, 2005) (Beihefte der Francia, 61).
  • Harry Kelsey, Philip of Spain, King of England: the forgotten sovereign (London, I.B. Tauris, 2011).

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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