Bundi (Tytonidae)

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Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Bundi
Bundi-mbuga
Uainishaji wa kisayansi
Himaya: Animalia (Wanyama)
Faila: Chordata (Wanyama wenye ugwe wa neva mgongoni)
Ngeli: Aves (Ndege)
Oda: Strigiformes (Ndege kama bundi)
Familia: Tytonidae (Ndege walio na mnasaba na bundi)
Jenasi: Phodilus I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1830

Tyto Ridgway, 1914

Spishi: Angalia katiba

Bundi (pia mabundi) ni ndege mbua wa familia Tytonidae na jenasi mbalimbali ya familia Strigidae. Ukurasa huu unahusu familia Tytonidae. Spishi hizi zina rangi ya kahawa nyuma na nyeupe mbele zenye madoa madogo meusi. Kichwa chao kina umbo wa mviringo na uso mwao una umbo wa moyo. Bundi hula ndege na wanyama wadogo, wanyama wagugunaji hasa, lakini wadudu wakubwa pia. Jike huyataga mayai 2-7 kwa mahali palipofunika kama tago lililoachwa na ndege mwingine ndani ya tundu ya mti, ufa wa mwamba, dari la nyumba au kihenge n.k.

Bundi huwinda usiku na hupumzika mchana. Walilenga windo lao kwa msaada ya masikio yao. Manyoya ya uso yapeleka mawimbi ya sauti kwa vipenyo vya masikio viliopo mahali tofauti kidogo kimoja kuliko kingine. Hivyo waweza kulikamata windo bila kuliona. Windo hawezi kumsikia bundi akija, kwa sababu mabawa ya bundi hayafanyi sauti yo yote kwa kuwa kingo ya mbele ya manyoya ya mabawa imekerezekakerezeka na ile ya nyuma ina matamvua. Hii yapunguza vurugu ya hewa na kwa hivyo uvumi.

Spishi za Afrika[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Spishi za mabara mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Phodilus assimilis (Sri Lanka Bay Owl)
  • Phodilus badius (Oriental Bay Owl)
  • Tyto alba (Common Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. alba (Southwest European Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. bargei (Curaçao Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. contempta (Andes Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. crassirostris (Boang Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. erlangeri (Middle East Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. ernesti (Corsica Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. furcata (Caribbean Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. gracilirostris (Canary Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. guatemalae (Central American Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. guttata (Central European Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. interposita (Vanuatu Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. javanica (Pacific Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. meeki (New Guinea Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. pratincola (American Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. punctatissima (Galápagos Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. schmitzi (Madeira Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. stertens (Southeast Asian Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. sumbaensis (Sumba Barn Owl)
    • Tyto a. tuidara (South American Barn Owl)
  • Tyto aurantia (Golden Masked Owl)
  • Tyto delicatula (Eastern Barn Owl)
  • Tyto deroepstorffi (Andaman Masked Owl)
  • Tyto glaucops (Ashy-faced Owl)
  • Tyto inexspectata (Minahassa Masked Owl)
  • Tyto longimembris (Eastern Grass Owl)
  • Tyto manusi (Manus Masked Owl)
  • Tyto multipunctata (Lesser Sooty Owl)
  • Tyto nigrobrunnea (Taliabu Masked Owl)
  • Tyto novaehollandiae (Australian Masked Owl)
    • Tyto novaehollandiae troughtoni (Cave-nesting Masked Owl) – udhabiti si hakika, yamkini imekwisha (miaka 1960)
  • Tyto rosenbergii (Sulawesi Owl au Sulawesi Masked Owl)
    • Tyto rosenbergii pelengensis (Peleng Masked Owl) - yamkini imekwisha (kati ya karne ya 20)
  • Tyto sororcula (Moluccan Masked Owl)
    • Tyto (sororcula) cayelii (Buru Masked Owl) – labda imekwisha (kati ya karne ya 20?)
  • Tyto tenebricosa (Greater Sooty Owl)


Spishi za kabla ya historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]


Picha[hariri | hariri chanzo]