Sarah Mary Taylor

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Sarah Mary Taylor
Sarah Mary Taylor mnamo 1997
Sarah Mary Taylor mnamo 1997
Jina la kuzaliwa Sarah Mary Taylor
Alizaliwa 12-08-1916
Nchi Mississippi
Kazi yake Msanii wa ufumaji

Sarah Mary Taylor (12 Agosti 1916 - 10 Julai 2000) alikuwa mfumaji mbunifu mwenye asili ya Afrika na Marekani kutoka Mississippi.[1]

Maisha yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Sarah Mary Taylor alizaliwa mnamo Agosti 12, 1916 huko Anding, Mississippi[2]. Alijifunza ubunifu wa ufumaji kutoka kwa mama yake Pearlie Posey wakati alikuwa mdogo. Aliishi kwenye mashamba katika Delta ya Mississippi na alifanya kazi za ndani, mpishi, na kazi za mkono shambani. Baadae, Taylor alilazimika kustaafu kazi ngumu kutokana na afya yake kuwa dhaifu. Kisha akapata mapato kupitia ubunifu wa ufumaji, akitumia sketi za nguo kuunda vitambaa vilivyofumwa kwa umaridadi. Baada ya shangazi yake Pecolia Warner kupata kutambuliwa kutoka kwa maprofesa wa Chuo Kikuu cha Mississippi mwishoni mwa miaka ya 1970, Taylor aliianza kufahamika kwa kazi zake za ufumaji.

Wote Taylor na mama yake waliunda muundo wa mto na mto ambao walitumia nyuzi nyekundu kama za takwimu. Kitanda chake cha samaki mtu (hapo awali kilijulikana kama Rabbit) ni kielelezo cha mkono wa mojo, ulio na mikono ya hudhurungi karibu na viwanja vyekundu na takwimu za vodou.[3] Kulingana na mwanahistoria wa sanaa Maude Southwell Wahlman, Taylor "ametengeneza vitambaa kadhaa vinavyocheza maana ya ishara na uzuri wa picha ya mkono."[4] Wahlman anaandika kwamba mto wa Taylor wa Msalaba unaweza kuwakilisha mwendelezo wa cosmogram ya Kongo, dini ya Kongo ishara.[4] Vipuli vya Taylor pia hutumia mchanganyiko wa rangi isiyopatana na kugongana.[5] Aliagizwa kutengeneza kitambaa cha mkono cha filamu ya The Color Purple. Kitamba hiki na neno linalotumiwa ni sehemu ya Mkusanyiko wa Ella King Torrey ufumaji wa za Kiafrica-Marekani.[6]

Taylor aliolewa mara tano na alipata mtoto mmoja, Willie, ambaye alifariki kabla yake mnamo Julai 10, 2000.

Bunifu za Taylor zimeonyeshwa huko Naperville Illinois,[7] Santa Fe Mexiko,[8] na Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,[9] kati ya miji mingine ya Marekani. Marilyn Nelson alimwandikia shairi "The Century Quilt"[10]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Blackartstory org Editors (2021-02-02). Profile: Sarah Mary Taylor (1916-2000) (en). Black Art Story. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  2. Sarah Mary Taylor | Smithsonian American Art Museum (en-US). americanart.si.edu. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  3. Russell, Charles (2001). Self-taught Art: The Culture and Aesthetics of American Vernacular Art (in en). Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-57806-380-2. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wahlman, Maude Southwell (1986). "African Symbolism in Afro-American Quilts". African Arts 20 (1): 68–99. doi:10.2307/3336568 . ISSN 0001-9933 . https://www.jstor.org/stable/3336568.
  5. White, Shane (1998). Stylin': African American Expressive Culture from Its Beginnings to the Zoot Suit (in en). Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-8283-0. 
  6. Che, Jenny (2014-12-12), "Philadelphia Museum of Art to Show Two Centuries of Black Artists", Wall Street Journal (in en-US), ISSN 0099-9660, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  7. "Arient Family Collection exhibition includes quilts by Sarah Mary Taylor (1996).", The Daily Herald, 1996-10-27: 389, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  8. "Sarah Mary Taylor quilts displayed in Santa Fe (1995).", The Santa Fe Reporter, 1995-03-29: 18, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  9. Philadelphia Museum of Art - Collections Object : Hands Quilt. www.philamuseum.org. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  10. The Fields of Praise: Poems (in en). LSU Press. ISBN 978-0-8071-4120-5.