Ndoto ya chumba chekundu

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Mchoro wa kumwonyesha Xu Baozhuan, mnamo 1810,

Ndoto ya Chumba Chekundu ni riwaya kutoka nchini China iliyotungwa katikati ya karne ya 18. Inahesabiwa kati ya riwaya 4 muhimu zaidi katika fasihi ya China. Mwandishi wake alikuwa Cao Xueqin (kwa Kichina: 曹雪芹).

Riwaya inasimulia habari za familia ya kikabaila ya Jia, mafanikio na hatimaye anguko lao.

Kenye kitovu cha masimulizi iko hadithi ya Jia Baoyu anayelelewa katika nyumba ya wazazi matajiri. Ana maisha mema bila mahangaiko kuhusu riziki zake; hahitaji kufanya kazi. Lakini haridhiki na maisha na hatimaye anaachana na dunia na kuwa mtawa.

Uhusiano wake na wanawake walio muhimu maishani mwake unasimuliwa kwa upana. Kutokana na nafasi kubwa ambayo wanawake wanapewa, riwaya hii imeitwa ya kifeministi.

Watendaji wengi wa riwaya wanaonyeshwa wakiwa vijana na hivyo kitabu hiki kilipendwa sana na vijana wa China kabla ya mapinduzi ya utamaduni.

Lugha ya Ndoto ya Chumba Chekundu ilikuwa lugha ya kawaida jinsi watu walivyosema kati yao, si lugha iliyotazamiwa kuwa sanifu wakati ule ambayo haikutumiwa katika majadiliano.

Kujisomea[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kwa jumla
  • C.T. Hsia, Ch VII, "The Dream of the Red Chamber," in The Classic Chinese Novel: A Critical Introduction (1968; rpr. Ithaca, NY: East Asia Program, Cornell University, Cornell East Asia Series, 1996. ISBN 1885445741), pp. 245–297..
  • (2012) Approaches to Teaching the Story of the Stone (Dream of the Red Chamber). New York: Modern Language Association of America. ISBN 9781603291101. 
  • Anthony Yu, "Dream of the Red Chamber," in Barbara Stoller Miller, ed., Masterworks of Asian Culture (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe), pp. 285–299.
Utafiti wa kiundani
  • Levy, Dore J. (1999). Ideal and Actual in the Story of the Stone. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231114060. 
  • Zaifu Liu, Yunzhong Shu, Reflections on Dream of the Red Chamber (Amherst, N.Y.: Cambria Press, 2008).
  • Andrew H. Plaks, Archetype and Allegory in the "Dream of the Red Chamber" (Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press, 1976). Reprinted: (Ann Arbor: U.M.I. Books on Demand, Reprint, 1993).
  • Shih-Ch'ang Wu, On the Red Chamber Dream: A Critical Study of Two Annotated Manuscripts of the 18th Century (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1961).
  • Chi Xiao, The Chinese Garden as Lyric Enclave: A Generic Study of the Story of the Stone (Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Chinese Studies Publications, 2001).
  • Yu, Anthony C. (1997). Rereading the Stone: Desire and the Making of Fiction in Dream of the Red Chamber. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691015619. 
  • Ruchang Zhou, Edited by Ronald R. Gray, Mark S. Ferrara, Between Noble and Humble: Cao Xueqin and the Dream of the Red Chamber (New York: Peter Lang, 2009). Translated by Liangmei Bao and Kyongsook Park. ISBN 978-1-4331-0407-7 Google Book (link)

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]