Yeriko

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Yeriko kutoka kusini.

Yeriko (kwa Kiebrania יְרִיחוֹ, kwa Kiarabu أريحا, maana yake "wenye kunukia") ni mji wa kale sana, ulioanzishwa miaka 9000 hivi KK karibu na mto Yordani.

Mwaka 2006 ulikuwa na wakazi 20,400[1][2]

Upekee wake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Umaarufu wake unatokana na kuwa chini ya usawa wa bahari kuliko miji yote duniani.

Unasadikiwa pia kuwa mmojawapo kati ya miji ya zamani zaidi kukaliwa mfululizo hadi leo.[3][4][5]

Akiolojia imekuta chini ya ardhi zaidi ya miji 20 iliyojengwa kwa nyakati tofauti mahali pale, kuanzia miaka 11,000 iliyopita.[6]

Katika Biblia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Katika Biblia unatajwa kama "Mji wa Mitende": chemchemi mbalimbali ndani na kandokando yake zilivuta binadamu tangu milenia nyingi.[7]

Katika Agano la Kale unatajwa kwa namna ya pekee kuhusiana na Yoshua kuingiza Waisraeli waliotoka Misri katika nchi ya Kanaani kwa kuvuka mto Yordani mkabala wa Yeriko na kuuteka kwa maandamano ya ibada (Yos 6) kabla ya miji mingine yoyote.

Katika Agano Jipya unatajwa kuhusiana na Yesu ambaye huko alimuongoa mtozaushuru tajiri Zakayo (Luk 19) na kumponya kipofu ombaomba Bartimayo (Mk 10).

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Elected City Council Municipality of Jericho. Retrieved 8 Machi 2008.
  2. Projected Mid -Year Population for Jericho Governorate by Locality 2004–2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  3. Gates, Charles (2003). "Near Eastern, Egyptian, and Aegean Cities", Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. Routledge, 18. ISBN 0415018951. “"Jericho, in the Jordan River Valley in Palestine, inhabited from ca. 9000 BCE to the present day, offers important evidence for the earliest permanent settlements in the Near East."” 
  4. Murphy-O'Connor, 1998, p. 288.
  5. Freedman et al., 2000, p. 689–671.
  6. "Jericho", Encyclopedia Britannica
  7. Bromiley, 1995, p. 715.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Benvenisti, Meron (1998). City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem. University of California Press. ISBN 0520207688, 9780520207684. 
  • Bromiley, Geoffrey W. (1995). The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: E-J. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0802837824, 9780802837820. 
  • (2000) Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0802824005, 9780802824004. 
  • Kenyon, Kathleen (1957). Digging Up Jericho. 
  • Finkelstein, Israel; Silberman, Neil Asher (2002). The Bible Unearthed. Touchstone. ISBN 0-684-86913-6. 
  • (2003) History of Art: The Western Tradition. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0131828959. 
  • Gates, Charles (2003). Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome.. 
  • (2005) Arrows in the Dark: David Ben-Gurion, the Yishuv Leadership, and Rescue Attempts During the Holocaust. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0299175502, 9780299175504. 
  • Holman (2006). Holman Illustrated Study Bible-HCSB: Holman Christian Standard Bible. Broadman & Holman Publishers. ISBN 1586402757, 9781586402754. 
  • Hull, Edward (1855). Mount Seir, Sinai and Western Palestine. Richard Bently and Sons. 
  • Losch, Richard R. (2005). The Uttermost Part of the Earth: A Guide to Places in the Bible. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0802828051, 9780802828057. 
  • Murphy-O'Connor, Jerome (1998). The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0192880136, 9780192880130. 
  • (1994) International dictionary of historic places. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1884964036, 9781884964039. 
  • Scheller, William (1994). Amazing Archaeologists and Their Finds. The Oliver Press, Inc.. ISBN 188150817X, 9781881508175. 
  • (2003) The Shengold Jewish Encyclopedia. Schreiber Pub.. ISBN 1887563776, 978188756377. 
  • Shahin, Mariam (2005). Palestine: A Guide. Interlink Books. ISBN 156656557X, 978-1566565578. 
  • le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems. Alexander P. Watt for the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. 

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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