WordPress

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WordPress
WordPress logo.svg
Wandishi wa sasa WordPress Foundation
Tarehe ya kwanza Mei 27, 2003; miaka 16 iliyopita (2003-05-27)[1]
Imeendelea Kigezo:Wordpress version / Kigezo:Wordpress version
Lugha kompyuta PHP
Mfumo wa uendeshaji Unix-like, Windows, Linux
Aina ya programu Blog software, Content Management System, Content Management Framework

WordPress (WordPress.org) ni programu ambayo inawasaidia wenye blogu kuweka makala katika blogu zao kwa urahisi. Imetengenezwa na PHP na MySQL. Programu hii ni ya bure yaani mtumiaji hahitaji kulipa chochote ili kuitumia. Huwa pia ni programu huria yaani kila mtu anaweza kuendeleza programu hii na kuiboresha zaidi. Kando na kutumika na wanablogu, WordPress pia hutumika na wenye jukwaa (forum) za kujadili mambo kadha wa kadha, wanaoweka picha mbalimbali katika wovuti (media galleries) pamoja na wanaofanya mauzo kwa mitandao (ecommerce stores).

Historia ya WordPress[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Wordpress hutumiwa na zaidi ya watu milioni sitini katika wavuti zao. Wordpress ilianzishwa Mei 27, 2003 na Matt Mullenweg[1] and Mike Little,[2][3] na Mike Little kutoka kwenye programu nyingine ya b2/cafelog. Imetolewa kwa leseni ya GPLv2.[4] Ili kufanya kazi, ni lazima WordPress iwekwe kwa seva ya wavuti.[5] Kabla ya kubuniwa kwa WordPress, wenye wavuti iliwabidi wajue kutumia lugha za PHP na MySQL au HTML ili kuweza kupamba wavuti na blogu zao vile walivyokuwa wakitaka. WordPress huwa na usanifu wa kutumia plugins' ambavyo ni vipengele vinavyokusaidia kupamba wavuti yako na ifanye kazi unayotaka. Kando na plugin, pia huwa na template ili kwamba kazi yako tu ni kuweka makala yao kwa zile templates.

b2/cafelog, ambayo zaidi huitwa b2 or cafelog ndio programu iliyoitangulia WordPress.[6]Inakadiriwa kuwa 2/cafelog ilitumiwa na blogu 2,000 kunako Mei 2003.[7] Iliandikwa kwa lugha ya PHP na MySQL na Michel Valdrighi.

Mwaka 2004, masharti ya leseni ya mshidani wake, Movable Type yalibadilishwa na kampuni ya Six Apart, hivyo kusababisha watumiaji wake wengi kuhamia WordPress.[8][9] Kufikia Oktoba 2009, Open Source CMS MarketShare Report ilitangaza kuwa WordPress ilikuwa na ubora kupita programu huria nyingine.

Hadi kufikia Februari 2017, WordPress ilikuwa ikitumiwa na 58.7% ya tovuti zote zilizokuwa zikijulikana zinatumia programu gani. Hii ni 27.5% tovuti milioni 10 kubwa duniani.[10]


Sifa za WordPress[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Unapoweka WordPress kwa wavuti yako, utapatana na sifa hizi:

Theme[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Theme hutengeneza mandhari ya wavuti yako. Kuna theme nyingi za bure ambazo watengenezaji wameziweka ili uweze kutumia bila kulipa chochote. Vile vile, kuna themes ambazo hulipiwa na hutoweza kuzitumia bila kuzinunua. Kwa kawaida themes za bure huwa hazina mvuto mkubwa kwa wale wanaotembelea wavuti yako au pengine hazina matumizi mengi na pia usalama wake sio bora.

Unapotafuta theme ya wavuti yako, italingana na wavuti ni ya aina gani. Themes za sanaa zinazoonyesha picha au michoro huwa ni tofauti na zile za biashara ama zile za kusoma makala.

Plugins[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Plugins ni vipengele vinavyosaidia wavuti kufanya kazi unayotaka. Vile vile plugins huwa za bure au za kununuliwa. Kuziweka pia ni rahisi japo kila plugin huwa na masharti yake ya jinsi utakavyoiweka. Hadi Februari 2019, WordPress.org ilikuwa na plugins 54,402.[11]

Tuzo na heshima[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Mshindi wa InfoWorld's "Best of open source software awards: Collaboration", 2008.[12]
  • Mshindi wa Open Source CMS Awards's "Overall Best Open Source CMS", 2009.[13]
  • Mshindi wa digitalsynergy's "Hall of Fame CMS category in the 2010 Open Source", 2010.[14]
  • Mshindi wa InfoWorld's "Bossie award for Best Open Source Software", 2011.[15]
  • WordPress imepewa nyota tano privacy na Electronic Frontier Foundation.[16]

Historia ya matoleo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Matoleo makuu ya WordPress hupewa majina na wanamuziki wa jazz toka toleo la 1.0.[17][18]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mullenweg, Matt (2003-05-27). WordPress Now Available. WordPress. Iliwekwa mnamo July 22, 2010.
  2. Commit number 8. Iliwekwa mnamo February 3, 2016.
  3. WordPress "quietly" powers 27% of the web. Iliwekwa mnamo 16 December 2017.
  4. WordPress › About » License. WordPress.org. Iliwekwa mnamo June 30, 2014.
  5. Support disaggregating WordPress.com and WordPress.org. WordPress.com. Iliwekwa mnamo January 7, 2016.
  6. Andrew Warner, Matt Mullenweg. (September 10, 2009) (MPEG-4 Part 14). The Biography Of WordPress – With Matt Mullenweg. [Podcast]. Mixergy. Event occurs at 10:57. http://mixergy.com/the-biography-of-wordpress-with-matt-mullenweg/. Retrieved September 28, 2009. "b2 had actually, through a series of circumstances, essentially become abandoned."
  7. Valdrighi, Michel. b2 test weblog - post dated 23.05.03. Iliwekwa mnamo May 9, 2013.
  8. Manjoo, Farhad (August 9, 2004). Blogging grows up. Salon. Iliwekwa mnamo March 29, 2012.
  9. Pilgrim, Mark (May 14, 2004). Freedom 0. Mark Pilgrim. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya April 10, 2006. Iliwekwa mnamo March 29, 2012.
  10. "WordPress is now 30 per cent of the web, daylight second". (en) 
  11. WordPress > WordPress Plugins. WordPress. Iliwekwa mnamo February 24, 2019.
  12. Best of open source software awards: Collaboration. infoworld.com (2008-08-05). Iliwekwa mnamo 2017-12-16.
  13. WordPress wins top prize in 2009 Open Source CMS Awards. cmscritic.com (2009-11-14). Iliwekwa mnamo 2017-12-16.
  14. Hall of Fame CMS. digitalsynergy.ca. Iliwekwa mnamo 2017-12-16.
  15. WordPress wins Bossie Awards 2011: The best open source applications. wprockers.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2017-12-16.
  16. Who Has Your Back? Government Data Requests 2017 (2017-07-10).
  17. Fun Fact: Wordpress Jazz Tributes. Iliwekwa mnamo 16 December 2017.
  18. Roadmap. Blog. WordPress.org. Iliwekwa mnamo June 15, 2010.

Viungo vya Nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]