Khoikhoi

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Mwanamume Khoikhoi.
Wakhoikhoi wakijiandaa kuhama na mahema yao. Mchoro wa Samuel Daniell (1805).

Khoikhoi (kwa lugha yao maana ni "watu watu", "watu halisi") ni wakazi asili wa Kusini mwa Afrika pamoja na Wasan, ambao kwa jumla wanaitwa Khoisan.

Tofauti kati yao ni hasa utamaduni, kwa maana Wasan wanaendelea kwa kiasi kikubwa kuishi kwa uwindaji, wakati Khoikhoi toka muda mrefu wanategemea ufugaji na kilimo[1].

Kadiri ya akiolojia walifikia eneo la Cape Town miaka 2,000 iliyopita wakitokea kaskazini (Botswana ya leo).

Kuanzia karne ya 3 BK walifikiwa na wavamizi wa Kibantu waliojitwalia maeneo mazuri zaidi.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. "8: Wildlife and Livestock in South Africa", The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World, California World History Library 1. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 296. ISBN 9780520939356. “The nomadic pastoral Khoikhoi kraals were dispersed and their organization and culture broken. However, their successors, the trekboers and their Khoikhoi servants, managed flocks and herds similar to those of the Khoikhois. The trekboers had adapted to African-style, extensive pastoralism in this region. In order to obtain optimal pasture for their animals, early settlers imitated the Khoikhoi seasonal transhumance movements and those observed in the larger wild herbivores.” 

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • P. Kolben, Present State of the Cape of Good Hope (London, 1731–38);
  • A. Sparman, Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope (Perth, 1786);
  • Sir John Barrow, Travels into the Interior of South Africa (London, 1801);
  • Bleek, Wilhelm, Reynard the Fox in South Africa; or Hottentot Fables and Tales (London, 1864);
  • Emil Holub, Seven Years in South Africa (English translation, Boston, 1881);
  • G. W. Stow, Native Races of South Africa (New York, 1905);
  • A. R. Colquhoun, Africander Land (New York, 1906);
  • L. Schultze, Aus Namaland und Kalahari (Jena, 1907);
  • Meinhof, Carl, Die Sprachen der Hamiten (Hamburg, 1912);
  • Richard Elphick, Khoikhoi and the Founding of White South Africa (London, 1977)

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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