Samaria

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Samaria (kijani) ndani ya Palestina, chini ya Waajemi.
Vilima vya Samaria, 2011.
Dothan, ambapo kadiri ya Kitabu cha Mwanzo, Yosefu (babu) aliuzwa na kaka zake.

Samaria (kwa Kiebrania שֹׁמְרוֹן, Shomron; kwa Kiarabu السامرة, as-Sāmirah), ni jina la eneo la milimamilima katikati la nchi inayoitwa Israeli au Palestina. Jina "Samaria" linatokana na lile la mji mkuu wa Ufalme wa Israeli.[1]

Kadiri ya 1Fal 16:24, jina la mji lilitokana na lile la Shemer, aliyemuuzia mfalme Omri eneo kwa ajili ya kuuanzisha kama makao makuu (884 KK hivi) badala ya Tirza.

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Kadiri ya Biblia, Waisraeli waliteka eneo hilo la Kanaani na kulikabidhi kwa kabila la Yosefu.

Eneo lilitekwa na Waashuru mwaka 722 KK hivi, nao wakahamisha wakazi wake hadi Mesopotamia.

Baadaye lilitawaliwa na mataifa mbalimbali, kama vile Babuloni, Uajemi, Ugiriki wa kale, Dola la Roma, Waarabu, Wakristo wa vita vya msalaba, Waturuki.[2]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Rainey, A. F. (November 1988). "Toward a Precise Date for the Samaria Ostraca". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 272 (272): 69–74. doi:10.2307/1356786. 
  • Stager, L. E. (February–May 1990). "Shemer's Estate". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 277/278 (277): 93–107. doi:10.2307/1357375. 
  • Becking, B. (1992). The Fall of Samaria: An Historical and Archaeological Study. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill. ISBN 90-04-09633-7. 
  • Franklin, N. (2003). "The Tombs of the Kings of Israel". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 119 (1): 1–11. 
  • Franklin, N. (2004). "Samaria: from the Bedrock to the Omride Palace". Levant 36: 189–202. 
  • Tappy, R. E. (2206). “The Provenance of the Unpublished Ivories from Samaria,” Pp. 637–56 in “I Will Speak the Riddles of Ancient Times” (Ps 78:2b): Archaeological and Historical Studies in Honor of Amihai Mazar on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, A. M. Maeir and P. de Miroschedji, eds. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
  • Tappy, R. E. (2007). “The Final Years of Israelite Samaria: Toward a Dialogue between Texts and Archaeology,” Pp. 258–79 in Up to the Gates of Ekron: Essays on the Archaeology and History of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honor of Seymour Gitin, S. White Crawford, A. Ben-Tor, J. P. Dessel, W. G. Dever, A. Mazar, and J. Aviram, eds. Jerusalem: The W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and the Israel Exploration Society.

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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