Fahari ya mtu mweusi

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Kutoka kushoto kwenda kulia; Malcolm Shabazz (Malcolm X), Ella Baker, Martin Luther King, Frederick Douglass. Hawa walikuwa wasimamiaji wakuu wa "fahari ya mtu mweusi".

Fahari ya mtu mweusi ni jina la harakati zilizoanzishwa kuzipiku tamaduni na itikadi za Kizungu na kuhamasisha watu weusi kusherehekea au kufurahia tamaduni za mtu mweusi na kushikilia urithi wao wa Kiafrika.[1] Huko nchini Marekani, harakati hizi zilihusishwa moja kwa moja na ubaguzi wa watu weupe. Hasa katika kipindi cha Vuguvugu la haki za kiraia lililotokea nchini Marekani wakati watu weusi wanadai haki zao za kiraia ikiwa ni pamoja na kupiga kura, usawa katika fursa za kazi, sheria za kibaguzi, na mambo mengine mengi ambayo ni haki ya msingi kwa kila raia.[2] Harakati nyengine zinazohusiana ni pamoja na mamlaka ya mtu mweusi,[2] uzalendo wa mtu mweusi,[2] Black Panthers na Uafrocentriki.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Lois Tyson (2001). Learning for a Diverse World: Using Critical Theory to Read and Write about Literature. Psychology Press, 208–209. ISBN 978-0-8153-3774-4. “Because the dominant white culture in America treated African Americans as subalterns rather than full American citizens and full human beings, the Black Pride movement encouraged black Americans to look to Africa for their cultural origins.” 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Wayne C. Glasker (1 June 2009). Black Students in the Ivory Tower: African American Student Activism at the University of Pennsylvania, 1967-1990. Univ of Massachusetts Press, 28. ISBN 1-55849-756-0. “In 1966 the Black Power-black nationalist-black pride movements emerged as equal and opposite reactions to white racism as a reaction of the biracial civil rights movement.” 

Jisomee[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Yúdice, George (1994), "The Funkification of Rio", in Ross, Andrew; Rose, Tricia, Microphone Fiends: Youth Music and Youth Culture, London: Routledge, pp. 193–220, ISBN 978-0-415-90907-5