Raimundo Lull

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Raimundo Lull.

Raimundo Lull, kwa Kikatalunya Ramon Llull, kwa Kilatini Raymundus Lullus au Lullius, T.O.F., (1232 hivi[1]1315 hivi), alikuwa mwandishi na mwanafalsafa kutoka Majorca (leo nchini Hispania)

Anaheshimika kama mtu wa kwanza kuandika kitabu muhimu kwa lugha ya Kikatalunya.[2]

Maandishi yaliyopatikana karibuni yanaonyesha kuwa aliwahi wengine karne kadhaa katika kutoa mapendekezo juu ya upigaji kura.

Tena anahesabika kati ya watangulizi wa nadharia ya hesabu, hasa kwa jinsi alivyomuathiri Gottfried Leibniz.[3][4]

Wafransisko wenzake wanamheshimu kama mfiadini. Alitangazwa mwenye heri na Papa Pius IX mwaka 1857.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 30 Juni.[5]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Born 1232 per Mark D. Johnston in Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1998. Older sources (such as versions of Encyclopædia Britannica at least up to 1955) give 1235; the current Britannica gives 1232/33.
  2. Tisdall, Nigel (2003). Mallorca. Thomas Cook Publisher, 40. ISBN 9781841573274. 
  3. Anthony Bonner (2007), The art and logic of Ramon Llull, Brill Academic Pub, p. 290, ISBN 978-90-04-16325-6 
  4. Donald Knuth (2006), The Art of Computer Programming: Generating all trees 4–4, Addison-Wesley Professional, p. 56, ISBN 978-0-321-33570-8 
  5. Habig, Marion. (Ed.). (1959). The Franciscan Book Of Saints. Franciscan Herald Press.

Maandishi marrufu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Mchoro katika toleo la mwaka 1505 la L'arbre de ciència.

Llull anajulikana kuwa aliandika vitabu 265, kati yake:

  • The Book of the Lover and the Beloved
  • Blanquerna (a novel; 1283)[1]
  • Desconhort (on the superiority of reason)
  • L'arbre de ciència, Arbor scientiae ("Tree of Science") (1295)
  • Tractatus novus de astronomia
  • Ars Magna (The Great Art) (1305) or Ars Generalis Ultima (The Ultimate General Art)
  • Ars Brevis (The Short Art; an abbreviated version of the Ars Magna)
  • Llibre de meravelles
  • Practica compendiosa
  • Liber de Lumine (The Book of Light)
  • Ars Infusa (The Inspired Art)
  • Book of Propositions
  • Liber Chaos (The Book of Chaos)
  • Book of the Seven Planets
  • Liber Proverbiorum (Book of Proverbs)
  • Book on the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Ars electionis[1] (on voting)
  • Artifitium electionis personarum[1] (on voting)
  • Ars notatoria
  • Introductoria Artis demonstrativae
  • Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men
  • Llibre qui es de l'ordre de cavalleria (The Book of the Order of Chivalry written between 1279 and 1283)
Tafsiri
  • Le Livre des mille proverbes (2008), ISBN 9782953191707, Éditions de la Merci, editions@orange.fr
  • Ramon Llull's New Rhetoric, text and translation of Llull's 'Rethorica Nova', edited and translated by Mark D. Johnston, Davis, California: Hermagoras Press, 1994
  • Selected Works of Ramon Llull (1232‑1316), edited and translated by Anthony Bonner, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press 1985, two volumes XXXI + 1330 pp. (contains: vol. 1: The Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men, pp. 93–305; Ars Demonstrativa, pp. 317–567; Ars Brevis, pp. 579–646; vol. 2: Felix: or the Book of Wonders, pp. 659–1107; Principles of Medicine pp. 1119–1215; Flowers of Love and Flowers of Intelligence, pp. 1223–1256)

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • William Theodore Aquila Barber, Raymond Lull, the illuminated doctor : a study in mediaeval missions, London: C.H. Kelly, 1903.
  • Anthony Bonner (ed.), Doctor Illuminatus. A Ramon Llull Reader (Princeton University 1985), includes The Book of the Gentile and the Three Wise Men, The Book of the Lover and the Beloved, The Book of the Beasts, and Ars brevis; as well as Bonner's "Historical Background and Life" at 1-44, "Llull's Thought" at 45-56, "Llull's Influence: The History of Lullism" at 57-71.
  • Anthony Bonner, The Art and Logic of Ramon Llull: A User's Guide, Leiden: Brill, 2007.
  • Alexander Fidora and Josep E. Rubio, Raimundus Lullus, An Introduction to His Life, Works and Thought, Turnhout: Brepols, 2008.
  • Martin Gardner has written extensively about Llull. His analyses can be found in Logic Machines and Diagrams and Science - Good, Bad and Bogus.
  • J. N. Hillgarth, Ramon Lull and Lullism in Fourteenth-Century France (Oxford University 1971).
  • Mark D. Johnston, The Spiritual Logic of Ramón Llull, Oxford: Clarenden Press, 1987.
  • Antonio Monserat Quintana, La Visión Lulliana del Mundo Derecho (Palma de Mallorca: Institut d'Estudis Baleàrics 1987).
  • Pereira Michela, The Alchemical Corpus attributed to Raymond Lull, London: The Warburg Institute, 1989.
  • Lorenzo Riber, Raimundo Lulio (Barcelona: Editorial Labor 1935, 1949).
  • William Thomas Walsh, Characters of the Inquisition, Tan Books and Publishers, Inc (1940). ISBN 0-89555-326-0
  • Frances Yates includes a brief chapter on Lull in "The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age" (London, Ark Paperbacks 1979).
  • Frances Yates, "Lull and Bruno" (1982), in Collected Essays: Lull & Bruno, vol. I, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  • Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Raymund Lull, first missionary to the Moslems, New York and London : Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1902; reprinted by Diggory Press, 2006, ISBN 978-1-84685-301-2

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 math.uni-augsburg.de