Nenda kwa yaliyomo

Ruby

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Ruby
Ruby logo
Shina la studio namna :namna nyingi
Imeanzishwa Desemba 21 1995 (1995-12-21) (umri 28)
Mwanzilishi Yukihiro Matsumoto
Ilivyo sasa Ilivutwa na: Ada, C++, CLU, Dylan, Eiffel, Lisp, Lua, Perl, Python, Smalltalk, Basic

Ilivuta: Clojure, CoffeeScript, Crystal, D, Elixir, Groovy, Ioke, Julia, Mirah, Nu, Ring, Rust, Swift

Mahala Yukihiro Matsumoto, et al.
Tovuti https://www.ruby-lang.org/en/

Ruby ni lugha ya programu. Iliundwa na Yukihiro Matsumoto na ilianzishwa tarehe 21 Desemba 1995. Iliundwa ili kurahisisha kujifunza lugha za programu. Leo tunatumia Ruby 2.7.0. Ilivutwa na Python.

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Ilianzishwa 21 Desemba 1995 nchini Japani. Kisha kitabu cha kwanza kilichapishwa nchini Japani mwaka wa 1999; kiliitwa "Lugha ya programu Ruby inaozingatiwa kuhusu kipengee (オブジェクト指向スクリプト言語 Ruby).

Falsafa[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Namna ya Ruby ni namna nyingi kama lugha za programu nyingi.

Sintaksia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Sintaksia ya Ruby ni rahisi sana. Ilivutwa na sintaksia ya Pearl, lugha ya programu nyingine.

Mifano ya Ruby[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Programu kwa kuchapa « Jambo ulimwengu !».

$ irb
irb(main):001:0> puts 'Jambo, Ulimwengu'
Jambo, Ulimwengu

Programu kwa kuchapa orodha ya maneno.

array = [1, 'hi', 3.14]
array.each {|item| puts item }
# prints:
# 1
# 'hi'
# 3.14

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Metz, Sandi (Septemba 5, 2012), Practical Object-Oriented Design in Ruby (toleo la First), Addison-Wesley, uk. 272, ISBN 0-321-72133-0{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • McAnally, Jeremy; Arkin, Assaf (Machi 28, 2009), Ruby in Practice (toleo la First), Manning Publications, uk. 360, ISBN 1-933988-47-9{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Thomas, Dave; Fowler, Chad; Hunt, Andy (Aprili 28, 2009), Programming Ruby 1.9: The Pragmatic Programmers' Guide (toleo la Third), Pragmatic Bookshelf, uk. 1000, ISBN 1-934356-08-5{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Black, David (Juni 4, 2009), The Well-Grounded Rubyist (toleo la First), Manning Publications, uk. 520, ISBN 1-933988-65-7{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Flanagan, David; Matsumoto, Yukihiro (Januari 25, 2008), The Ruby Programming Language (toleo la First), O'Reilly Media, uk. 446, ISBN 0-596-51617-7{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Baird, Kevin (Juni 8, 2007), Ruby by Example: Concepts and Code (toleo la First), No Starch Press, uk. 326, ISBN 1-59327-148-4{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Fitzgerald, Michael (Mei 14, 2007), Learning Ruby (toleo la First), O'Reilly Media, uk. 255, ISBN 0-596-52986-4{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Cooper, Peter (Machi 26, 2007), Beginning Ruby: From Novice to Professional (toleo la First), Apress, uk. 664, ISBN 1-59059-766-4, ilihifadhiwa kwenye nyaraka kutoka chanzo mnamo 2010-09-17, iliwekwa mnamo 2020-02-09 {{citation}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Fulton, Hal (Novemba 4, 2006), The Ruby Way (toleo la Second), Addison-Wesley, uk. 888, ISBN 0-596-52369-6{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Carlson, Lucas; Richardson, Leonard (Julai 19, 2006), Ruby Cookbook (toleo la First), O'Reilly Media, uk. 906, ISBN 0-596-52369-6{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)