Alcuin Mtakatifu

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Alcuin Mtakatifu

Alkuin wa York (mnamo 73219 Mei, 804) alikuwa mtaalamu mkuu wakati wa enzi ya Karoli Mkuu.

Alizaliwa karibu na mji wa York kule Uingereza ambapo alikuwa mwalimu mkuu wa shule ya Kanisa kuu la mji huo kwa miaka mingi.

Mwaka 781 alisafiri Italia na kumkuta mfalme Karoli aliyemwalika kuwa mwalimu katika kitala chake kule mji wa Aachen. Huko Alkuin alianzisha chuo kilichohudhuriwa hata na Karoli Mkuu mwenyewe na familia yake. Kupitia chuo hicho elimu iliboreshwa na shule nyingi zilianzishwa katika ufalme mzima.

Mwaka 796 Alkuin alitoka Aachen kwenda mji wa Tours ambapo alikuwa mkuu wa watawa mpaka kifo chake.

Maandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Orodha hii inafuata hasa maelezo ya jumla ya Robert Levine and Whitney Bolton

Mashairi
  • Carmina, ed. Ernst Dümmler. Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini. vol 1. Berlin, 1881.
    • Godman, Peter (tr.). Poetry of the Carolingian Renaissance. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1985. 118-49.
    • Isbell, Harold (tr.). The Last Poets of Imperial Rome. Baltimore: Penguin, 1971.
  • Epitaph for Cone
  • Poem on York, Versus de patribus, regibus et sanctis Eboracensis ecclesiae, ed. and tr. Peter Godman, De pontificibus et sanctis Ecclesiae Eboracensis, The Bishops, Kings, and Saints of York. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.
  • De clade Lindisfarnensis monasterii, "On the destruction of the monastery of Lindisfarne
Epistolae (Barua)

Ziko zaidi ya 310.

  • Dümmler, Ernst (ed.). 'Alkuini Epistolae' in MGH Epistolae IV (Berlin 1895) 1-493.
  • Jaffe, Philipp, Ernst Dümmler, W. Wattenbach (eds.). Monumenta Alcuiniana, Berlin, Weidmann, 1873, pp. 132–897.
  • Chase, Colin (ed.). Two Alcuin Letter-books. Toronto, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1975.
  • Allott, Stephen (tr.). Alcuin of York, c. AD 732 to 804. His life and letters. York, 1974.
  • Sturgeon, Thomas G. (tr.). The Letters of Alcuin: Part One, the Aachen Period (762-796). Harvard University Ph.D. Thesis, 1953.
  • Dorothy Whitelock (tr.), English Historical Documents.
Vitabu vya kufundishia
  • Ars grammatica
  • De orthographia, ed. H. Keil, Grammatici Latini VII, 1880. 295-312.
  • De dialectica
  • Disputatio regalis et nobilissimi juvenis Pippini cum Albino scholastico "Dialogue of Pepin, the Most Noble and Royal Youth, with the Teacher Albinus", ed. L.W. Daly and W. Suchier, Altercatio Hadriani Augusti et Epicteti Philosophi. Urbana, 1939. 134-46; ed. Wilhelm Wilmanns, "Disputatio regalis et nobilissimi juvenis Pippini cum Albino scholastico." Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum 14 (1869): 530-55, 562.
  • Disputatio de rhetorica et de virtutibus sapientissimi regis Carli et Albini magistri, ed. and tr. Wilbur Samuel Howell, The Rhetoric of Alcuin and Charlemagne. New York: Russell and Russell, 1965 (1941); ed. C. Halm, Rhetorici Latini Minores. 1863. 523-50.
  • De virtutibus et vitiis, also De vitiis et virtutum (moral treatise dedicated to Count Wido of Brittany, 799 x 800), ed. J.P. Migne. PL 101. Paris, 1851. 613-639 (transcript available online). A new critical edition is being prepared for the Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Medievalis.
  • De animae ratione (ad Eulaliam virginem) (written for Gundrada, Charlemagne's cousin)
  • De Cursu et Saltu Lunae ac Bissexto, astronomical treatise.
Maisha ya watakatifu
  • Vita II Vedastis episcopi Atrebatensis. Revision of the earlier Vita Vedastis by Jonas of Bobbio.
  • Vita Richarii confessoris Centulensis. Revision of an earlier anonymous life.
  • Vita Willibrordi archiepiscopi Traiectensis, ed. W. Levison, Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici. MGH Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum 7/2. Hanover, 1920. 81–141.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Bullough, Donald. Alcuin: Achievement and Reputation. Leiden, 2003.
  • Bullough, Donald. "Alcuin." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  • Frederick Lorenz. The life of Alcuin (Thomas Hurst, 1837).
  • Rolph Barlow Page. The Letters of Alcuin (New York: Forest Press, 1909).
  • E. M. Wilmot-Buxton. Alcuin (P J Kennedy, 1922).
  • Stephen Allot. Alcuin of York, his life and letters ISBN 0-900657-21-9
  • Andrew Fleming West. Alcuin and the Rise of the Christian Schools (C. Sscribner's Sons, 1912) ISBN 0-8371-1635-X
  • Eleanor Shipley Duckett. Alcuin, Friend of Charlemagne, (1951)
  • Eleanor Shipley Duckett. Carolingian Portraits, (1962)
  • F. L. Ganshof. The Carolingians and the Frankish Monarchy ISBN 0-582-48227-5
  • John Boswell.Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality ISBN 0-226-06710-6
  • Brian P. McGuire. Friendship, and Community: The Monastic Experience ISBN 0-87907-895-2
  • Thomas Stehling. Medieval Latin Love Poems of Male Love and Friendship,
  • Peter Godman. Poetry of the Carolingian Renaissance ISBN 0-7156-1768-0
  • Throop, Priscilla, trans. Alcuin: His Life; On Virtues and Vices; Dialogue with Pepin (Charlotte, VT: MedievalMS, 2011)

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]