Wakurdi

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Kurds
Kurd کورد
Roj emblem.svg
Total population
30–40 million[1]
(The World Factbook, 2015 estimate)
36.4–45.6 million[2]
(Kurdish Institute of Paris, 2017 estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Traditional areas of Kurdish settlement
 Uturuki est. 14.3–20 million [1][2]
 Uajemi est. 8.2–12 million [1][2]
 Iraq est. 5.6–8.5 million [1][2]
 Syria est. 2–3.6 million [1][2]
Diaspora (outside Greater Kurdistan) 2 million
 Ujerumani 800,000 [3]
 Ufaransa 150,000 [4]
 Uswidi 83,600 [5]
 Uholanzi 70,000 [6]
 Ubelgiji 50,000 [7]
 Urusi 63,800 [8]
 Ufalme wa Muungano 50,000 [9]
 Kazakhstan 42,300 [10]
 Uswisi 35,000 [11]
 Denmark 30,000 [12]
 Jordan 30,000 [13]
 Austria 23,000 [14]
 Ugiriki 22,000 [15]
 Marekani 15,400 [16]
 Georgia 13,861 [17]
 Kyrgyzstan 13,200 [18]
 Kanada 11,685 [19]
 Ufini 10,700 [20]
 Australia 7,000 [21]
 Azerbaijan 6,100 [22]
 Armenia 2,162 [23]
Languages

Kurdish and Zaza–Gorani
Minor: Turkish (in Turkey), Persian (in Iran), Arabic (in Syria and Iraq)
In their different forms: Sorani, Kurmanji, Pehlewani, Zaza, Gorani

Religion

Majority Islam
(Sunni Muslim, Alevi Islam, Shia Islam)
with minorities of Yazidism, Yarsanism, Zoroastrianism, Agnosticism, Judaism, Christianity

Related ethnic groups

Other Iranian peoples

Wakurdi (kwa Kikurdi: گەلی کورد, Gelî kurd) ni watu wa jamii ya Wairani[24] wanaoishi hasa Mashariki ya Kati, katika eneo linaloitwa Kurdistan lililogawanyika kisiasa chini ya nchi za Uturuki mashariki, Iran kaskazini magharibi, Iraq kaskazini na Syria kaskazini.[25] Idadi yao inakadiriwa kuwa milioni 30-45 million.[26][27] Ndilo kabila kubwa kuliko yote duniani lisilo na nchi huru ya kwao. Kutokana na utajiri wa eneo lao, watawala wao hawakubali kuwaachia uhuru na pengine wanawadhulumu, hasa nchini Uturuki.

Lugha yao ni Kikurdi, chenye lahaja mbalimbali[28][29].

Dini ya wengi wao ni Uislamu (madhehebu ya Wasuni).

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 (2015) World Factbook, Online, Langley, Virginia: US Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2 August 2015.  A rough estimate in this edition gives populations of 14.3 million in Turkey, 8.2 million in Iran, about 5.6 to 7.4 million in Iraq, and less than 2 million in Syria, which adds up to approximately 28–30 million Kurds in Kurdistan or in adjacent regions. The CIA estimates are as of Agosti 2015 – Turkey: Kurdish 18%, of 81.6 million; Iran: Kurd 10%, of 81.82 million; Iraq: Kurdish 15–20%, of 37.01 million, Syria: Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%, of 17.01 million.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 The Kurdish Population by the Kurdish Institute of Paris, 2017 estimate. The Kurdish population is estimated at 15–20 million in Turkey, 10–12 million in Iran, 8–8.5 million in Iraq, 3–3.6 million in Syria, 1.2–1.5 million in the European diaspora, and 400k–500k in the former USSR - for a total of 36.4 million to 45. 6 million globally.
  3. "Camps built in Germany, Austria to win new members for PKK, reports reveal", 9 August 2012. Retrieved on 28 October 2012. Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. 
  4. "3 Kurdish women political activists shot dead in Paris", 11 January 2013. Retrieved on 9 June 2014. 
  5. Sweden. Ethnologue (2015). Iliwekwa mnamo 14 January 2015.
  6. Highway to Hell: Dutch biker gang prepare to take on Islamic State by Jerry Lawton, Daily Star, October 2014
  7. The Kurdish Diaspora. Iliwekwa mnamo 9 June 2014.
  8. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 г. Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации. Demoscope.ru. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 30 May 2012. Iliwekwa mnamo 4 July 2012.
  9. QS211EW – Ethnic group (detailed). NOMISweb.co.uk. UK Office for National Statistics. Iliwekwa mnamo 3 August 2013.
  10. Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2014 года ЭТНОДЕМОГРАФИЧЕСКИЙ ЕЖЕГОДНИК КАЗАХСТАНА 2014
  11. Switzerland. Ethnologue. Iliwekwa mnamo 14 January 2015.
  12. "Fakta: Kurdere i Danmark", 8 May 2006. Retrieved on 24 December 2013. (Danish) 
  13. Language and Cultural Shift Among the Kurds of Jordan. Iliwekwa mnamo 10 November 2012.
  14. Austria. Ethnologue. Iliwekwa mnamo 14 January 2015.
  15. Greece. Ethnologue. Iliwekwa mnamo 14 January 2015.
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named USCensus
  17. Population/Census.
  18. Number of resident population by selected nationality. UNStats.UN.org. United Nations. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 10 July 2012. Iliwekwa mnamo 9 July 2012.
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named StatCan-household
  20. Language according to age and sex by region 1990–2014. Stat.fi. Statistics Finland. Iliwekwa mnamo 19 January 2013.
  21. (2014) The People of Australia: Statistics from the 2011 census. Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection. ISBN 978-1-920996-23-9. Retrieved on 29 May 2014. 
  22. (2015) Statistical Yearbook of Azerbaijan 2014, 80.  Bakı.[clarification needed]
  23. Information from the 2011 Armenian National Census (Armenian). Statistics of Armenia. Iliwekwa mnamo 27 May 2014.
  24. Izady, Mehrdad R. (1992). The Kurds: A Concise Handbook. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-8448-1727-9. 
  25. Kurdish Awakening: Nation Building in a Fragmented Homeland, (2014), by Ofra Bengio, University of Texas Press
  26. Based on arithmetic from World Factbook and other sources cited herein: A Near Eastern population of 28–30 million, plus approximately a 2 million diaspora gives 30–32 million. If the highest (25%) estimate for the Kurdish population of Turkey, in Mackey (2002), proves correct, this would raise the total to around 37 million.
  27. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cye lahaja
  28. Kurds. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. Encyclopedia.com (2014). Iliwekwa mnamo 29 December 2014.
  29. Izady, Mehrdad R. (1992). The Kurds: A Concise Handbook. Taylor & Francis, 198. ISBN 978-0-8448-1727-9. 

Vyanzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • (2011) From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520947573. 
  • (2009) Shah Abbas: The Ruthless King Who Became an Iranian Legend. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0857716767. 
  • (2002) A Concise History of the Armenian People: (from Ancient Times to the Present), 2, Mazda Publishers, 208. ISBN 978-1568591414. 
  • (2012) Iran and the World in the Safavid Age. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1850439301. 
  • Barth, F. 1953. Principles of Social Organization in Southern Kurdistan. Bulletin of the University Ethnographic Museum 7. Oslo.
  • Hansen, H.H. 1961. The Kurdish Woman's Life. Copenhagen. Ethnographic Museum Record 7:1–213.
  • Leach, E.R. 1938. Social and Economic Organization of the Rowanduz Kurds. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology 3:1–74.
  • Longrigg, S.H. 1953. Iraq, 1900–1950. London.
  • Masters, W.M. 1953. Rowanduz. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.
  • McKiernan, Kevin. 2006. The Kurds, a People in Search of Their Homeland. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-32546-6Script error: No such module "check isxn".
  • (2015) Historical Dictionary of Georgia, 2, Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1442241466. 
  • Matthee, Rudi. "ŠAYḴ-ʿALI KHAN ZANGANA". Encyclopaedia Iranica. http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/shaykh-ali-khan.

Marejeo mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Maxwell, Alexander; Smith, Tim (2015). "Positing 'not-yet-nationalism': limits to the impact of nationalism theory on Kurdish historiography". Nationalities Papers 43 (5): 771–787. doi:10.1080/00905992.2015.1049135
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Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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