Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi

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Ramani ya Palestina katika karne ya 1.

Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi dhidi ya Warumi (132136 BK) vilifanyika hasa katika Yudea, sehemu ya Dola la Roma.

Vilifuata vile vya kwanza (66-73) vilivyotokea katika Yudea na vya pili (115117), hasa nje ya Palestina (Libya, Misri, Kupro na Mesopotamia).

Pamoja na ushujaa wa Wayahudi waliopigania uhuru wa nchi yao chini ya Simoni Bar Kokhba, hatimaye Warumi walipata ushindi, waliangamiza Wayahudi wengi, walifuta mamlaka yao ya ndani na kuwafukuza moja kwa moja kutoka Yerusalemu.

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Eshel, Hanan (2003). "The Dates used during the Bar Kokhba Revolt", in Peter Schäfer: The Bar Kokhba War Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. Mohr Siebeck, 95–96. ISBN 978-3-16-148076-8. 
  • Yohannan Aharoni & Michael Avi-Yonah, The MacMillan Bible Atlas, Revised Edition, pp. 164–65 (1968 & 1977 by Carta Ltd.)
  • The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters (Judean Desert studies). Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1963–2002.
    • Vol. 2, "Greek Papyri", edited by Naphtali Lewis; "Aramaic and Nabatean Signatures and Subscriptions", edited by Yigael Yadin and Jonas C. Greenfield. (ISBN 9652210099Script error: No such module "check isxn".).
    • Vol. 3, "Hebrew, Aramaic and Nabatean–Aramaic Papyri", edited Yigael Yadin, Jonas C. Greenfield, Ada Yardeni, BaruchA. Levine (ISBN 9652210463Script error: No such module "check isxn".).
  • W. Eck, 'The Bar Kokhba Revolt: the Roman point of view' in the Journal of Roman Studies 89 (1999) 76ff.
  • Peter Schäfer (editor), Bar Kokhba reconsidered, Tübingen: Mohr: 2003
  • Aharon Oppenheimer, 'The Ban of Circumcision as a Cause of the Revolt: A Reconsideration', in Bar Kokhba reconsidered, Peter Schäfer (editor), Tübingen: Mohr: 2003
  • Faulkner, Neil. Apocalypse: The Great Jewish Revolt Against Rome. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Tempus Publishing, 2004 (hardcover, ISBN 0-7524-2573-0Script error: No such module "check isxn".).
  • Goodman, Martin. The Ruling Class of Judaea: The Origins of the Jewish Revolt against Rome, A.D. 66–70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987 (hardcover, ISBN 0-521-33401-2Script error: No such module "check isxn".); 1993 (paperback, ISBN 0-521-44782-8Script error: No such module "check isxn".).
  • Richard Marks: The Image of Bar Kokhba in Traditional Jewish Literature: False Messiah and National Hero: University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press: 1994: ISBN 0-271-00939-XScript error: No such module "check isxn".
  • David Ussishkin: "Archaeological Soundings at Betar, Bar-Kochba's Last Stronghold", in: Tel Aviv. Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 20 (1993) 66ff.
  • Yadin, Yigael. Bar-Kokhba: The Rediscovery of the Legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. New York: Random House, 1971 (hardcover, ISBN 0-394-47184-9Script error: No such module "check isxn".); London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1971 (hardcover, ISBN 0-297-00345-3Script error: No such module "check isxn".).
  • Mildenberg, Leo. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Switzerland: Schweizerische Numismatische Gesellschaft, Zurich, 1984 (hardcover, ISBN 3-7941-2634-3Script error: No such module "check isxn".).

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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