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Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]
- A useful though somewhat erratically presented account of the pre-Socratic use of the concept of φύσις may be found in Naddaf, Gerard The Greek Concept of Nature, SUNY Press, 2006. The word φύσις, while first used in connection with a plant in Homer, occurs very early in Greek philosophy, and in several senses. Generally, these senses match rather well the current senses in which the English word nature is used, as confirmed by Guthrie, W.K.C. Presocratic Tradition from Parmenides to Democritus (volume 2 of his History of Greek Philosophy), Cambridge UP, 1965.
- The first known use of physis was by Homer in reference to the intrinsic qualities of a plant: ὣς ἄρα φωνήσας πόρε φάρμακον ἀργεϊφόντης ἐκ γαίης ἐρύσας, καί μοι φύσιν αὐτοῦ ἔδειξε. (So saying, Argeiphontes [=Hermes] gave me the herb, drawing it from the ground, and showed me its nature.) Odyssey 10.302-3 (ed. A.T. Murray). (The word is dealt with thoroughly in Liddell and Scott's Greek Lexicon.) For later but still very early Greek uses of the term, see earlier note.
Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]
- The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (iucnredlist.org)
- The Wild Foundation – The heart of the global wilderness conservation movement (wild.org)*
- Fauna & Flora International is taking decisive action to help save the world’s wild species and spaces (fauna-flora.org)
- European Wildlife is a Pan-European non-profit organization dedicated to nature preservation and environmental protection (eurowildlife.org)
- Nature Journal (nature.com)
- The National Geographic Society (nationalgeographic.com)
- Record of life on Earth (arkive.org)
- BBC – Science and Nature (bbc.co.uk)
- PBS – Science and Nature (pbs.org)
- Science Daily (sciencedaily.com)
- European Commission – Nature and Biodiversity (ec.europa.eu)
- Natural History Museum (.nhm.ac.uk)
- Encyclopedia of Life (eol.org).
- Science.gov – Environment & Environmental Quality.
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