Siku ya Mama

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Moja ya picha maarufu za Marekani ikimuonesha Florence Owens Thompson, mama wa watoto saba, akiwa na miaka 32, huko Nipono, California, Machi 1936, akitafuta kazi au msaada wa kijamii ili kuitunza familia yake.

Siku ya Mama ni sikukuu ya maadhimisho ya kuonyesha heshima na thamani ya akina mama katika familia kutokana na mchango na ushawishi wao mkubwa katika jamii. Siku hii husherehekewa katika tarehe tofauti tofauti duniani lakini miezi maarufu zaidi ni ile ya Machi na Mei.

Siku ya Mama ya kisasa ilianza kusherehekewa nchini Marekani mapema kabisa katika karne ya 20.

Siku hiyo haihusiani moja kwa moja na siku ya Mama iliyokuwepo katika jamii nyingine kwa miaka mingi iliyopita hata maelfu ya miaka iliyopita. Kwa mfano katika tamaduni za Wagiriki kulikuwa na siku inayofanana na siku ya mama inayoadhimishwa katika miaka hii ya karibuni, na huko Roma walikuwa na siku yao iliyojulikana kama Hilaria.

Baadaye katika baadhi ya nchi ya Ulaya (hasa Visiwa vya Britania) Wakristo walianzisha Jumapili ya Mama Kanisa iliyokuwa ikiadhimishwa kwa ajili ya kutukuza na kupa heshima Kanisa kama mama wa waumini lakini baadaye ikaelekea kuheshimu akina mama pia[1][2][3][4] Hata hivyo, katika nchi hizo, siku ya mama bado inategemea desturi hizo za kale.[5]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. L. James Grold (April 1968), "Mother's Day", American Journal of Psychiatry 124 (10): 1456–1458, PMID 5643668, doi:10.1176/ajp.124.10.1456, Mother's Day, conceived by Anna Jarvis to honor unselfish mothers (...) Although there is no direct lineal descent to our modern Mother's Day custom, secular and religious motherhood have existed for thousands of years before 10 May 1908: the first church – St. Andrew's in Grafton, West Virginia – responded to her request for a Sunday service honoring mothers . Cybele (...) 
  2. Tuleja, Tad (1999), Curious Customs: The Stories Behind 296 Popular American Rituals, Galahad Books, p. 167, ISBN 978-1578660704, Although attempts have been made to link Mother's Day to ancient cults of the mother goddess, especially the worship of Cybele, the association is more conceptual than historic. Mother's Day is a modern, American invention. 
  3. Robert J. Myers, Hallmark Cards (1972), Celebrations; the complete book of American holidays, Doubleday, p. 143, Our observance of Mother's Day is little more than half a century old [this was written in 1972], yet the nature of the holiday makes it seem as if it had its roots in prehistoric times. Many antiquarians, holiday enthusiasts, and students of folklore have claimed to find the source Mother's Day in the ancient spring festivals dedicated to the mother goddess, particularly the worship of Cybele. 
  4. Helsloot 2007, p. 208 "The American origin of the Day, however, was duly acknowledged. 'The idea is imported,. America led the way.'"
  5. Mothering Sunday, BBC, retrieved 4 March 2010 
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