Leon Trotsky

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Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Trotsky mwaka 1921.

Leon Trotsky (kwa Kirusi Лев Дави́дович Тро́цкий, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, ubini wa awali Бронште́йн, Bronshtein) alikuwa Myahudi wa Urusi (Yanovka, leo nchini Ukraina, 7 Novemba 1879Coyoacán, Mexico City, Meksiko 21 Agosti 1940) maarufu kwa mwanamapinduzi wa kikomunisti.

Baada ya kuwa kiongozi wa kwanza wa Jeshi Jekundu na kushiriki uongozi wa Umoja wa Kisovyeti, alishindana na Stalin akaondolewa madarakani (1927) na hatimaye kufukuzwa nchini (1929).

Akiendelea kupinga siasa ya Stalin kutoka Meksiko, aliuawa baada ya majaribio yake mengi kushindikana.

Ujumbe wake hasa ulikuwa kwamba mapinduzi yanatakiwa kuwa ya kudumu.

Baadhi ya maandishi yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Blackledge, Paul (2006) Leon Trotsky's Contribution to the Marxist Theory of History in Studies in East European Thought Vol. 58, No. 1: 1–31.
  • Brouè Pierre, Trotsky, ed. Fayard, Paris, 1988
  • Cliff, Tony (1989–93) Trotsky (4 Vols.) London: Bookmarks
  • Isaac Deutscher wrote the classic—and largely sympathetic—biography in three volumes:
    • (1954) Trotsky: The Prophet Armed
    • (1959) Trotsky: The Prophet Unarmed
    • (1963) Trotsky: The Prophet Outcast
  • Isaac Deutscher (1966) Ironies of History.
  • Daniels, Robert V (1991) Trotsky, Stalin & Socialism. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-1223-X
  • Dunn, Bill & Radice, Hugo eds. Permanent Revolution – Results and Prospects 100 Years On London: Pluto Press
  • Dimitri Volkogonov (1996) Trotsky, the Eternal Revolutionary. Free Press.
  • Gilbert, Helen (2003) Leon Trotsky: His Life and Ideas. Red Letter Press [1] ISBN 0-932323-17-0
  • Hallas, Duncan (1979) Trotsky's Marxism London: Pluto Press
  • Hansen, Joseph, ed. (1969) Leon Trotsky: the Man and His Work. Reminiscences and Appraisals. New York: Merit Publishers.
  • Levine, Isaac Don (1960) The Mind of an Assassin. New York: New American Library/Signet Book.
  • Maitan, Livio (1985) Destino di Trotsky, Milano, ed. Rizzoli.
  • Mandel, Ernest (1980) La pensée politique de Leon Trotsky
  • Molyneux, John (1981) Leon Trotsky's Theory of Revolution, Brighton: Harvester Press
  • Patenaude, Bertrand M. (2009) Trotsky: Downfall of a Revolutionary (New York: HarperCollins) 370pp; scholarly study of 1937-40 period
  • Pipes, Richard, ed. (1996) The Unknown Lenin. (Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-06919-7
  • Renton, David (2004) Trotsky.
  • Rogovin, Vadim Z. (1998). 1937 Stalin's Year of Terror. Oak Park, MI: Mehring Books, Inc. ISBN 0-929087-77-1
  • Service, Robert (2005). Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge: Belknap Press. ISBN 0-674-01697-1.
  • Swain, Geoffrey. Trotsky (2006) Routledge, excerpt and text search
  • Swain, Geoffrey. (2014) Trotsky and the Russian Revolution. Seminar Studies
  • Thatcher, Ian D. (2003) Trotsky. ISBN 0-415-23251-1
  • Jean van Heijenoort (1978) With Trotsky in Exile: From Prinkipo to Coyoacán. Harvard University Press.
  • The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History, Volume 39, Academic International Press

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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