Juvenal Habyarimana

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Juvénal Habyarimana

Habyarimana in 1980

Muda wa Utawala
5 Julai 1973 – 6 Aprili 1994
mtangulizi Grégoire Kayibanda
aliyemfuata Théodore Sindikubwabo

tarehe ya kuzaliwa Machi 8, 1937(1937-03-08)
Ruanda-Urundi
tarehe ya kufa Aprili 6, 1994 (umri 57)
Kigali, Rwanda
utaifa Rwanda
chama MRND
ndoa Agathe Habyarimana
dini Kanisa Katoliki[1]

Juvénal Habyarimana (8 Machi 1937 – 6 Aprili 1994) alikuwa rais wa pili wa Rwanda. Alitawala karibu mikaka 20 kuanzia 1973 hadi 1994. Alitoka katika jumuiya ya Wahutu akaongoza serikali iliyolenga kuzuia kurudi kwenye mamlaka kwa Watutsi ambao ni kundi kubwa la pili nchini Rwanda. Kwa lugha ya Kinyarwanda aliitwa "Kinani" inayomaanisha "asiyeshindwa". Habyarimana alitawala kama dikteta na watazamaji hamini alidanganya katika kila uchaguzi aliosimamia.[2]

Alikufa tarehe 6 Aprili 1994 wakati ndege yake ilipigwa na makombora aliporejea Kigali kutoka majadiliano ya amani pale Dar es Salaam. Ndege hii ilimbeba pia rais wa Burundi, Cyprien Ntaryamira.[3] Haijulikana kama makombora yalifyatuliwa na Wahutu wakali waliochukia siasa yake au na wanamigambo Watutsi wa RPF waliokuwa walifika karibu na Kigali wakati ule.

Tukio hili lilichukuliwa na Wahutu wakali kama ishara ya kushambulia Watutsi kote Rwanda pamoja na Wahutu wasioshikamana nao na hivyo kuanzisha mauaji ya kimbari ya Rwanda.[4][5] Katika kipindi cha siku 100 zilizofuata, idiadi ya Warwanda 800,000 hadi milioni 1 waliuawa.[6]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Stearns, Jason K. Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa, p. 158
  2. Philip Gourevitch (1998). We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families. 
  3. Raymond Bonner. "Unsolved Rwanda Mystery: The President's Plane Crash", The New York Times, November 12, 1994. Retrieved on 2008-01-01. 
  4. Rwanda fury at Kagame trial call. BBC News (21 November 2006).
  5. French probe exonerates Rwanda leader in genocide. Reuters (10 January 2012).
  6. See, e.g., Rwanda: How the genocide happened, BBC, April 1, 2004, which gives an estimate of 800,000, and OAU sets inquiry into Rwanda genocide, Africa Recovery, Vol. 12 1#1 (August 1998), page 4, which estimates the number at between 500,000 and 1,000,000. 7 out of every 10 Tutsis were killed.

Viungo vya Nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]