J. K. Rowling

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J. K. Rowling, akiwa kwenye White House, mnamo Aprili 2010

J. K. Rowling (alizaliwa mjini Yate, Gloucestershire, Uingereza, 1965) alikuwa akifanya kazi kama mtafiti kwenye asasi ya Amnesty International wakati alipopata wazo la kuandika riwaya ya Harry Potter, mnamo 1990. [1]

Elimu[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Rowling alihudhuria Shule ya Msingi St Michael [2] halafu akahudhuria shule ya sekondari ya Wyedean, ambapo mama yake alikuwa akifanya kazi katika idara ya sayansi. [3]

Baada ya hapo, Rowling alijiunga na Chuo Kikuu cha Exeter, ambapo alisomea Kifaransa na Classics.

Tuzo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Rowling amepokea shahada za heshima kutoka Chuo Kikuu cha St Andrews, Chuo Kikuu cha Edinburgh, Chuo Kikuu cha Edinburgh Napier, Chuo Kikuu cha Exeter (ambacho alihudhuria) [4] Chuo Kikuu cha Aberdeen , [5] [6] na Chuo Kikuu cha Harvard, ambako alizungumza katika sherehe mwaka 2008. [7] Mnamo 2009, Rowling alituzwa tuzo la Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur na Rais wa Ufaransa Nicolas Sarkozy. [8]

Tuzo nyingine alizoshinda ni:

  • 1997: Nestlé Smarties Book Prize, Gold Award, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  • 1998: Nestlé Smarties Book Prize, Gold Award, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  • 1998: British Children's Book of the Year, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  • 1999: Nestlé Smarties Book Prize, Gold Award, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  • 1999: National Book Awards Children's Book of the Year, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  • 1999: Whitbread Children's Book of the Year Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  • 2000: British Book Awards, Author of the Year
  • 2000: Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to Children's Literature
  • 2000: Locus Award, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  • 2001: Hugo Award for Best Novel, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  • 2003: Premio Príncipe de Asturias, Concord
  • 2003: Bram Stoker Award for Best Work for Young Readers, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  • 2006: British Book of the Year, Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince
  • 2007: Blue Peter Badge, Gold
  • 2008: British Book Awards, Outstanding Achievement
  • 2008: The Edinburgh Award[9]
  • 2010: Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award
  • 2011: British Academy Film Awards
  • 2012: Freedom of the City of London

Orodha ya Maandiko yake[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Harry Potter[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (26 Juni 1997)
  2. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2 Julai 1998)
  3. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (8 Julai 1999)
  4. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (8 Julai 2000)
  5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (21 Juni 2003)
  6. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (16 Julai 2005)
  7. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (21 Julai 2007)

Riwaya nyingine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (1 Machi 2001)
  • Quidditch Through the Ages (1 Machi 2001)
  • The Tales of Beedle the Bard (4 Disemba 2008)
  • Harry Potter and the Cursed Child (31 Julai 2016)
  • Short Stories from Hogwarts of Power, Politics and Pesky Poltergeists (6 Septemba 2016)
  • Short Stories from Hogwarts of Heroism, Hardship and Dangerous Hobbies (6 Septemba 2016)
  • Hogwarts: An Incomplete and Unreliable Guide (6 Septemba 2016)
  • Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them: The Original Screenplay (19 Novemba 2016)
  • Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald – The Original Screenplay (16 Novemba 2018)
  • The Casual Vacancy (27 Septemba 2012)

Maandiko mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Rowling, J. K. (5 Juni 2008). "The Fringe Benefits of Failure, and the Importance of Imagination". Harvard Magazine.
    • J. K. Rowling, Very Good Lives: The Fringe Benefits of Failure and Importance of Imagination, illustrated by Joel Holland, Sphere, 14 Aprili 2015.
  • Rowling, J. K. (30 Aprili 2009). "Gordon Brown – The 2009 Time 100". Time magazine.
  • Rowling, J. K. (14 Aprili 2010). "The Single Mother's Manifesto". The Times.
  • Rowling, J. K. (30 Novemba 2012). "I feel duped and angry at David Cameron's reaction to Leveson". The Guardian.
  • Rowling, J. K. (17 Disemba 2014). Isn't it time we left orphanages to fairytales? The Guardian.
  • Rowling, J. K. (28 Aprili 2014). "Woman's Hour Takeover". Woman's Hour, BBC Radio 4.[10]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Shapiro, Marc (2000). [[[:Kigezo:Google books]] J.K. Rowling: The Wizard Behind Harry Potter]. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-32586-2. 
  2. Template error: argument title is required. 
  3. Smith, Sean (2003), JK Rowling: Wasifu (Michael O'Mara, London), p. 55.
  4. Template error: argument title is required. 
  5. David Cribb (2006). JK Rowling receives honorary degree. digital spy. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 10 December 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
  6. 'Harry Potter' author JK Rowling receives Honorary Degree. University of Aberdeen (2006). Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 12 December 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
  7. Claire M. Guehenno and Laurence H. M. Holland (2008). J. K. Rowling To Speak at Commencement. The Harvard Crimson. Jalada kutoka ya awali juu ya 15 June 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
  8. Template error: argument title is required. 
  9. Cockcroft, Lucy. "Harry Potter author JK Rowling receives the Edinburgh Award", The Telegraph, 20 September 2008. 
  10. Alison Flood. "JK Rowling to become Woman's Hour first guest editor for 60 years", 10 April 2014. Retrieved on 7 May 2014. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. 
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