Ifigenia wa Ethiopia

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Sanamu ya Mt. Ifigenia kutoka Minas Gerais, Brazil, karne ya 18.

Ifigenia wa Ethiopia (kwa Kigiriki: Ἰφιγένεια, Ifigeneia[1]) alikuwa mwanamke wa karne ya 1 ambaye maisha yake yanasimuliwa na kitabu Golden Legend [2].

Humo tunasikia kwamba alikuwa bikira aliyeongokea Ukristo na kuwekwa wakfu kwa Mungu kwa njia ya Mathayo Mtume, alipokuwa anaeneza Injili huko "Ethiopia," kwa maana ya eneo kusini kwa Bahari Kaspi,[3] yaani Mesopotamia au Armenia (Colchis).[note 1][note 2]

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa na Wakatoliki na Waorthodoksi kama mtakatifu.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 21 Septemba[10][11][12] au 16 Novemba[13][14]

Tazama pia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Maelezo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica (2009 Ultimate Reference Suite):
    • "Tradition notes his ministry in Judaea, after which he supposedly missioned to the East, suggesting Ethiopia and Persia. Legend differs as to the scene of his missions and as to whether he died a natural or a martyr's death."[4]
  2. In the past there was more than one region that was referred to by the term "Ethiopia".[5] There was the Ethiopia of North Africa ("African Ethiopia"); and another region sometimes called "Asiatic Ethiopia",[6] located either in one of the provinces of Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylon), or in Ancient Armenia (Colchis). Note:
    • "Ethiopia in Roman History (1-200 AD) Later the term "Ethiopia" would become synonymous not just with the Kushites, but all Africans. Unlike the earlier Greek writers who distinguished Ethiopians from other Africans, Claudius Ptolemy (90–168 AD), a Roman citizen who lived in Alexandria, used "Ethiopia" as a racial term. In his Tetrabiblos: Or Quadripartite, he tried to explain the physical characteristics of people around the world saying, 'They are consequently black in complexion, and have thick and curled hair...and they are called by the common name of Aethiopians.'"[5]
    • St. Jerome and the Christian monk Sophronius in the 4th century referred to the region of Colchis as a "Second Ethiopia".[7][8] Earlier, the Classical Greek historian Herodotus also had written about a colony founded in the region of Colchis, which was inhabited by Ethiopic people, believed to have been brought there by the Egyptian Pharaoh Sesostris.[8][9]

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Robert C. Smith Jr. "The Colonial Architecture of Minas Gerais in Brazil." The Art Bulletin, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jun., 1939), pp. 110–159. p. 115.
  2. Jacobus de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, 1275 (Comp.). "Here beginneth the Life of S. Matthew, and, first of the interpretation of his name." In: The GOLDEN LEGEND or LIVES of the SAINTS: VOLUME FIVE. First Edition Publ. 1470. ENGLISHED by WILLIAM CAXTON, First Edition 1483. Temple Classics, Ed. by F.S. ELLIS, First issue 1900, Reprinted 1922, 1931.
  3. "Liturgical Calendars: Saint Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist." The Anglican Catholic Church. Retrieved: 10 September 2016.
    • Citing: The Anglican Breviary. Frank Gavin Liturgical Foundation, Inc., New York, 1955. Pages 1455–56.
  4. "Matthew (the Evangelist), Saint." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica 2009 Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ancient Ethiopia or Kush. TA NETER FOUNDATION (TaNeter.org). Retrieved: 8 September 2016.
  6. The Classical Journal, Volume 17. A.J. Valpy, 1818. p. 8.
  7. Martin Bernal. Black Athena. Rutgers University Press, 1987. p. 253.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Ancient Armenia – Once home to the "second Ethiopia" ? Ethiopianism-Ethiopiawinet Online Revival. November 20, 2012. Retrieved: 29 August 2016.
  9. Herodotus. The Histories. Transl. by Tom Holland. Penguin Books, 2013. pp. 148–149. (Book Two: 103, 104).
  10. The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 292.
  11. The Benedictine Monks of St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (Comp.). THE BOOK OF SAINTS: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonised by the Catholic Church: Extracted from the Roman and Other Martyrologies. London: A & C Black. Ltd., 1921. p. 142.
  12. Matthew Bunson and Margaret Bunson. Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints. Second Edition. Our Sunday Visitor, 2014. p. 416. ISBN 978-1612787169Script error: No such module "check isxn".
  13. St. Ephigenia of Ethiopia. The Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. Retrieved: 6 September 2016.
  14. Lists of Women Saints Names: September 21st. Ss. Mary and Martha Orthodox Monastery, Wagener, SC. Retrieved: 10 September 2016.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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