Engaruka

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Engaruka ni kata ya Wilaya ya Monduli katika Mkoa wa Arusha, Tanzania yenye postikodi namba 23415[1]. Wakati wa sensa iliyofanyika mwaka wa 2012, kata ilikuwa na wakazi wapatao 11,121 [2] walioishi humo, wengi wakiwa Wamasai.

Iko kaskazini kwa Mto wa Mbu, karibu na barabara ya kwenda Oldonyo Lengai.

Katika eneo lake yanapatikana maghofu maarufu ya ustaarabu wa zama za chuma (karne ya 15 hadi katikati ya karne ya 18) ulioendeleza kilimo cha umwagiliaji[3][4] pamoja na kuzuia mmomonyoko wa ardhi na kuiongezea samadi.

Utafiti unaelekea kusema walikuwa maelfu ya watu wa jamii ya Kikushi kama Wairaqw[5][6][7][8].

Tanbihi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. https://www.tcra.go.tz/images/documents/postcode/arusha.pdf
  2. Sensa ya 2012, Arusha - Monduli DC
  3. Stump, Daryl (2006). "The development and expansion of the field and irrigation systems at Engaruka, Tanzania". Azania 41: 69–94. doi:10.1080/00672700609480435 .
  4. Laulamaa, Vesa (2006). "Estimation of the population of ancient Engaruka—a new approach". Azania 41: 95–102. doi:10.1080/00672700609480436 .
  5. Stump, Daryl. 2003. The soils of Engaruka: preliminary soil exhaustion tests on a pre-colonial agricultural landscape in Tanzania’, in P. Mitchell, A. Haour and J. Hobart (eds.) Researching Africa’s past: new contributions from British archaeologists. pp. 101-109. Oxford: Oxford University School of Archaeology.
  6. Finke, Jens (2003). The Rough Guide to Tanzania. Rough Guides, 437–438. ISBN 978-1858287836. 
  7. Matthiessen, Peter (2010). The Tree Where Man Was Born. Penguin Classics, 275–277. ISBN 978-0143106241. 
  8. Seitsonen, Oula. 2005. ‘Stone Age observations in the Engaruka area’, in Nyame Akuma 63, 27-32.

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Engaruka Collection of excerpts from different sources, by the nTZ, Northern Tanzania Information Resource
  • Maps, Weather, and Airports for Engaruka, Tanzania, United Rep. of Weather graphs.
  • Nurse, Derek & Franz Rottland. 1991. ‘Sonjo: Description, Classification, History’, in Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, 12/13, 171-289.
  • Westerberg, L.-O., Holmgren, K., Börjeson, L., Håkansson, N.T., Laulumaa, V., Ryner, M., and Öberg, H., 2010: The development of the ancient irrigation system at Engaruka, Northern Tanzania: Physical and societal factors. The Geographical Journal, doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00370.x
Flag of Tanzania.svg Kata za Wilaya ya Monduli - Mkoa wa Arusha - Tanzania | Flag of Tanzania.svg

Engaruka | Engutoto | Esilalei | Lepurko | Lolkisale | Majengo | Makuyuni | Meserani | Moita | Monduli Juu | Monduli Mjini | Mswakini | Mto wa Mbu | Selela | Sepeko


Flag-map of Tanzania.svg Makala hii kuhusu maeneo ya Mkoa wa Arusha bado ni mbegu.
Je unajua kitu kuhusu Engaruka kama historia yake, biashara, taasisi zilizopo, watu au utamaduni?
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